See some of the world’s greatest architectural and engineering achievements. Here’s a list of the world’s most
notable structures – the highest, most massive and longest.
1. NTT Docomo Yoyogi Building: World’s Tallest Clock Tower
Standing at 240 meters or 790 ft tall, the NTT Docomo Yoyogi Building in Tokyo, Japan, is the tallest clock tower
in the world after the installation of a clock in 2002. The clock was installed to commemorate NTT Docomo’s 10th
anniversary. The clock is 15-meter in diameter and became operational in November 2002. This building is also
the 3rd tallest building in Tokyo.
2. Gerbrandy Tower: World’s Largest Christmas Tree
The Gerbrandy Tower in the Netherlands is a tower built in 1961 for directional radio services and for FM and
TV-broadcasting. Its height is reduced several times and now stands at 366.8 meters tall. During Christmas time,
lamps are put on the guys and make the tower the biggest Christmas tree in the world. There were plans to limit
these decorations to once every 5 years, but sponsoring has allowed the seasonal lighting to be put up every
year so far.
3. Shanghai World Financial Center: World’s Highest Observation Deck
The Shanghai World Financial Center, a supertall skyscraper in Shanghai, China, contains the highest
observation deck at a height of 474 meters or 1,555 ft high located on the 100th floor. It is currently the
world’s tallest completed building by roof.
4. Bayer Cross Leverkusen: World’s Largest Illuminated Advertisement
The Bayer Cross Leverkusen which is hanged on two 118 meter steel tower with a diameter of 51 meters and
weighs 300 tons is the largest illuminated advertisement in the world. The advertisement is for Bayer, the
multinational pharmaceutical company based in Leverkusen. It takes 1,712 40-Watt bulbs to light the display.
In 2003, the Bayer Cross was overhauled completely.
5. Petronas Twin Towers: World’s Tallest Twin Towers
The Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are the world’s tallest twin towers. They were the world’s
tallest buildings, before being surpassed by Taipei 101.
6. Bahrain World Trade Center: World’s First Skyscraper with Wind Turbine
The Bahrain World Trade Center is a 240 m (787 ft) high twin tower complex located in Bahrain. The building
is the first skyscraper in the world to integrate wind turbines into its design. Three bridges connect the towers;
each holding one large wind turbine with a nameplate capacity of 225kW each, totaling to 675kW of wind
energy production. These turbines, each measuring 29 m (32 yd) in diameter, face north, which is the direction
from which air from the Persian Gulf, blows in. The wind turbines provide 11% to 15% of the towers’ total power
consumption. They are expected to operate 50% of the time in a day.
7. Suvarnabhumi Airport: World’s Tallest Control Tower
Suvarnabhumi Airport also known as New Bangkok International Airport has the world’s tallest control tower at a
height of 132.2 meters high. It also has the world’s third largest single-building airport terminal (563,000 m²).
8. Basilica of the Holy Cross of the Valley of the Fallen: World’s Largest Memorial Cross
The cross at the Basílica de la Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caídos (Basilica of the Holy Cross of the Valley of
the Fallen) in Spain with a height of 152.4 meters high is the tallest memorial cross in the world.
9. Hassan II Mosque: World’s Highest Minaret
At 210 meters or 689 ft high, the minaret of the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco is the highest in the
World. The mosque is the largest in Morocco and the third largest mosque in the world after. It can accommodate
25,000 worshippers. A further 80,000 can be accommodated in the mosque’s adjoining grounds.
10. Ushiku Daibutsu: World’s Tallest Statue
Standing at 120 meters or 394 feet tall, the Ushiku Daibutsu located in Japan, is the world’s tallest statue.
It depicts Amitabha Buddha and is plated with bronze. It is also known as Ushiku Arcadia. The statue weighs
4,000 tons. The length of the left hand is 18 m, the face is 20 m the eye is 2.5 m and the first finger is 7
meters. Inside the statue is a four story building, which serves as a museum.
11. Millau Viaduct: World’s Highest Vehicular Bridge
With one mast’s summit at 343 meter or 1,125 ft, the Millau Viaduct, a large cable-stayed road bridge in France,
is considered as the tallest vehicular bridge in the world. It is slightly taller than the Eiffel Tower. The viaduct is
part of the A75-A71 autoroute axis from Paris to Beziers. The bridge won the 2006 IABSE Outstanding Structure
12. Kingda Ka: World’s Tallest and Fastest Rollercoaster
At a speed of 128 miles per hour or 206 km/h, the Kingda Ka, a roller coaster located at Six Flags Great
Adventure in New Jersey, USA, is the fastest roller coaster in the world. The main top hat tower has a height
of 456 feet or 139.5 meters making the Kingda Ka roller coaster the tallest in the world. Due to aviation safety
concerns, the tower is equipped with three dual strobes: 2 mid-way up, and one on the top.
13. Singapore Flyer: World’s Highest Ferris Wheel
Reaching 42 stories high, the Singapore Flyer, a giant Ferris wheel in Singapore, is currently the largest Ferris
wheel in the world. It has a total height of 165 meters or 541 ft. The Star of Nanchang is shorter by 5 m or 16 ft
and the London Eye by 30 m or 98 ft. Each of the 28 air-conditioned capsules is capable of holding 28
passengers, and a complete rotation of the wheel takes approximately 30 minutes.
14. Henninger-Turm: World’s Tallest Storage Silo
The 120 meters or 394 feet tall Henninger-Turm or Henninger Tower, a grain storage silo in Germany with a
storage capacity of 16,000 tons of barley, is the tallest storage silo. The 33-story high tower built from 1959 to
1961 and has two rotating restaurants at the height of 101 and 106 meters and an open-air observation deck
at the height of 110 meters or 361 ft. Te tower has been closed to the public while plans to destroy the tower
and replace it with a new one were abandoned.
15. Gliwice Radio Tower: World’s Tallest Wooden Structure
The 118 meter high Gliwice Radio Tower or Silesian Eiffel Tower, the transmission tower of the Gliwice, Upper
Silesia in Poland is considered as the tallest wooden structure in the world. It is designed to carry aerials for
medium wave broadcasting, but the transmitter is not in service any more.
16. Spire of Dublin: World’s Tallest Spire
At 120 meters or 390 feet tall, the Monument of Light or commonly called the Spire of Dublin, a large, stainless
steel, pin-like monument located on the site of the former Nelson’s Pillar in Dublin, is regarded as the tallest
spire in the world.
17. CN Tower: World’s Tallest Concrete Tower
At a height of 553.33 meters or 1,815.4 feet, the CN Tower in Ontario, Canada, a communications and
observation tower, is the world’s tallest concrete tower. Although it was surpassed in height by the still-
under-construction Burj Dubai, it remains the tallest free-standing structure in the Americas and the signature
icon of Toronto’s skyline, attracting more than two million international visitors annually.
18. Tokyo Tower: World’s Tallest Self-supporting Structure
Standing at 333 meters or 1,091 feet tall, Tokyo Tower, a communication and observation tower in Tokyo,
Japan, is the tallest self-supporting steel structure in the world. It is also the tallest artificial structure in Japan.
It is an Eiffel tower-inspired lattice tower that is painted white and international orange to comply with air safety
19. Fuhrlander Wind Turbine Laasow: World’s Tallest Wind Turbine
A wind turbine named Fuhrlander Wind Turbine Laasow built in 2006 in Brandenburg, Germany which consists
of 160 meter lattice tower that carries a rotor 90 meters in diameter – is the tallest wind turbine in the world.
20. Kiev TV Tower: World’s Tallest Freestanding Lattice Steel Tower
Standing at 385 meters or 1,263 feet high, the Kiev TV Tower, a lattice steel tower built in 1973 in Kiev,
Ukraine, for radio and television broadcasting, is considered as the tallest freestanding lattice steel construction
in the world. It was made of steel pipe of various diameters and thicknesses. The structure weighs 2,700 metric
tons. The tower is unique in that no mechanical fasteners are used in the structure: every joint, pipe and fixture
is attached by welding.
21. KVLY-TV Mast: World’s Tallest Artificial Structure
The KVLY-TV mast is a 2,063 ft (629 m) tall television-transmitting mast in North Dakota, USA is the tallest
artificial structure upon the completion of its construction in 1963. The mast was surpassed in height by 57
ft or 17 m in 1974 by the Warszawa Radio Mast near Poland which collapsed in 1991, making the KVLY-TV
Mast again the tallest structure on land.
22. Belmont Transmitting Station: World’s Tallest Guyed Tubular Steel Mast
Standing a total height of 387.5 meters or 1,271 feet, the Belmont Transmitting Station, a broadcasting and
telecommunications facility, is considered to be the tallest structure of its kind in the world. It is located in
Lincolnshire, England. It has a guyed tubular steel mast, with a lattice upper section. Taller masts, such as
the KVLY-TV mast in the US, use steel lattice construction. The Belmont Transmitting Station is the tallest
structure of any type in the UK and also the tallest structure within the European Union.
23. Nurek Dam: World’s Highest Dam
At 300 meters or 984 feet, the Nurek Dam in Tajikistan is currently the highest dam in the world. It was
completed in 1980. The dam is located in a deep gorge along the Vakhsh River in western Tajikistan,
about 75 km or 47 miles east of the nation’s capital of Dushanbe.
24. GRES-2 Power Station: World’s Tallest Chimney
At 419.7 meters or 1,377 feet high, the flue gas stack of the GRES-2 Power Station or Power Station Ekibastuz,
a power generating station in Kazakhstan and one of the largest coal-fired power stations in the world has the
world’s tallest chimney. Locals refer to it as “the Cigarette Lighter”.
25. Anaconda Smelter Stack: Largest Free Standing Masonry Structure
The Anaconda Smelter Stack is a radial brick smoke stack in Anaconda, Montana, USA. The stack rests on a
concrete foundation and measures 585 feet or 178 m high. The inside diameter of the stack is 75 feet or 23 m
at the bottom and 60 feet or 18 m at the top. The wall thickness ranges from six feet at the bottom to two feet
at the top. It was completed in 1919 and was the tallest masonry structure of any kind in the world. The Stack
remains the tallest and possibly largest free standing masonry structure in the world. An interesting note is that
the Washington Monument would easily fit inside.
26. San Jacinto Monument: World’s Tallest Monument Tower
At 579 feet or 173.7 meters high, the San Jacinto Monument in Texas, USA is the world’s tallest monument
tower. The monument is topped with a 220-ton star that commemorates the site of the Battle of San Juan,
the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. It is 12 feet or 3.7 m taller than the next tallest, the Washington
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