The psychiatric condition known as bipolar disorder affects a persons moods. People who suffer from bipolar disorder may not always be able to control their moods. A person with this disorder may experience multiple moods such as happiness, sadness, anger, or depression all in a matter of moments. In some extreme cases some patients may also suffer from hallucinations.
There are three types of bipolar disorder, Bipolar I, Bipolar II, and cyclothemia. Bipolar I sufferers experience several elevated moods, not including depression. Bipolar II patients suffer from slightly elevated moods including depression. Cyclothemia patients suffer from mild periods of depression and over excitement of other moods.
There are several factors that helps determine a persons chances of having bipolar disorder. Of course genetics is a factor. A person who has parents or siblings who suffer from bipolar are more than twice as likely to suffer from the same or a similar disorder. Bipolar disorder is also caused by a problem in a persons neurotransmitters. Stress is also a major factor in a persons chances of developing bipolar disorder.
There are several treatments available to people who suffer from bipolar disorder. The most common treatment is a combination of medication and counseling. Some patients are treated with mood stabilizers and anti depressants. In more severe cases some patients may be treated with anti psychotic medications. There is another non traditional therapy available as well, it is known as ECT or electroconvulsive therapy.
Some patients may recover from this condition and others may not. The chances of recovery are based on the cause of the persons disorder. Many of the patients who do not recover have learned how to control their problem. Those who can not control their problem have to remain on their medication for several years and sometimes the rest of their lives.