Wednesday, December 13

5 Types of Play that Kids Must Engage In

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Play time for kids. As a parent how do you look at Play time?

Researchers say the play is one of the highest achievements of human species, alongside language, technology and culture. And really without play none of the other achievements would have been possible.

It is important that kids are involved in play right from the time they are born. Kids play is typically categorized into 5 broad categories:

1)Physical Play

Physical play is the most basic form of play. It involves activities that helps develop a child’s fine and gross motor skills. When kids jump, climb, dance, skip, ride a cycle or play with the ball they involve themselves in active exercise and thus develop gross motor skills. Whereas, while painting, sewing, cutting, coloring or playing with building blocks kids develop their fine motor skills.

By the time kids are 2 years old they get involved in physical play and by 4 to 5 years this kind of play occupies 20 percent of a child’s behavior.

Physical play is important as it exercises a child’s whole body and helps in developing strength and hand-eye co-ordination.

2)Play with Objects

Almost every kid will pick up any object around them and begin playing with it. This is turn enhances exploration and helps infants to grasp and hold things. While playing with objects, kids begin to understand how different objects feel and behave. Investing in toys for infants is a great idea to increase the scope of their play. 

Kids in the age group of 18 to 24 months, begin to arrange objects and get more involved into sorting things. By the age of 4 years building, constructing and making behaviors emerge into kids.

3)Symbolic Play

Symbolic play generally refers to play which includes activities like language, reading, writing, drawing or music. Have you wondered how kids learn to say words? Kids start playing with sounds when they are as young as 6 months. When they grow a little older they play with sounds of languages they hear around them. Kids play with language quite actively and eventually in the process they learn to make new words and play with rhymes.

Symbolic play helps kids develop their abilities to express and reflect upon experiences, ideas and emotions.

4)Pretend Play

Pretend play also known as pretence or imitative play is the most prevalent type of play among children. Pretend play among kids starts as early as 9 months and continues right through 8 years in its active form.

Have you seen your kid pick up a stone and zoom it as if it is a car or play princess with Barbie dolls? Kids learn and do things by imagining. You will be amused to see that a simple cardboard box can be a spaceship, castle, fort and more for kids.

During pretend play, kids are obliged to follow certain social rules relating to the character they are portraying. While doing so, kids develop cognitive and social and emotional skills.

5)Games with Rules

From a very young age kids are interested in games with rules and at times they invent games with their own rules. These include the physical games like hide-and-seek, catch-catch or other chasing games. As kids mature, they get involved in board games, electronic games, computer games, sports and card games.

As kids play games with rules with friends and family they learn a range of social skills like sharing, taking turns and understanding others perspective.

For children toys and play matters. For us things kid play with are little plastic things. But for children, their favorite doll or action figure are their companions, prized possessions. Sometimes even a teacher or an object of inspiration. 

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