Sunday, December 17

Photoshop CS3 Complete Notes

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Photoshop is an image editing software.

using photoshop.
we can create, title effects, visiting card layouts, wedding cards designing, film posters, web site layouts, chaning colours in the image, black & white to colour, colour to grayscale, giving effects to the image. etc.,

over view:

title bar
menu bar
options bar
tools
page
layer palette
status bar
task bar

to fill colours:
foreground: alt+delete/alt+backspace.
background:ctrl+delete/ctrl+backspace.

Graphics are two types.

1.  Raster graphics.
2.  Vector graphics.

Photoshop is a raster based software.

1.  Raster graphics: when the image size increase clarity decrease.(bitmap image(pixels formation).)
2.  Vector Graphics: Clarity independent.
(objects, (curves and lines formation).)

mode:

bitmap: it supports only black and white colours.
Grayscale: it supports only black, white, and gray colours.
RGB: Red, Green, Blue
it supports all colours,
RGB colours are primary colours.

Red. 0- 255 shadings.
Green 0-255 shadings
Blue 0 – 255 shadings.

CMYK: Cyan magenta yellow black.
it supports all colours.
CMYK colours are secondary colours.
edit in RGB mode Print in cmyk mode.

Resolution: is Clarity.

printer resolution
image resolution
Monitor Resolution
Scanner resolution.

Tools:

move tool(V): giving position to the image, selecting the layers,

Selection tool(m): using selection we can edit the selected area only.

Rectangle Marquee tool: the selection will be rectangle shape.
Elliptical marquee tool:  The selection will be in elliptical shape.
Single Row marquee tool:  Single line (row).
Single Column marquee tool: single line(coloumn)

Lasso Tool(L):  The selection can be created with freehand movement.
Polygon lasso tool:  The selection will be straight.
Magnetic lasso Tool:  The selection will be attrracted to the edges in the image.

Ctrl+Alt+D= Feather selection.
edges of the selection filled will be faded.

ctrl+d = to deselect
ctrl+t= transform ( to increase or decrease the size of the layer content)
ctrl + is zoom in
ctrl – is zoom out
ctrl+c is copy
ctrl+v is paste.

Magic wand tool: Just click on the particular colour, the selected colour only will be selected.

Crop Tool: To cut the selected part of the image.

Healing brush tool: (j):
Take any image
Hold the alt key, then left click on the image, then leave the alt key, then click and drag on the image, upto a required area.

Patch tool(J):

Take any image
Create selection with patch tool, then move the selection with patch tool, then copy will be pasted.

Brush tool(B):
for painting purpose.

alt+delete= filling the foreground colour.
ctrl+delete=filling the background colour.

Pencil tool(B):
for cartoon painting.

Clone stamp tool(S):
Take any image
Hold the alt key, then left click on the image, then leave the alt key, then click and drag on the image, upto a required area.

Pattern stamp tool(S):
filling the readymade patterns in the selected area.

History brush tool:(Y):
reset the image.

Art history brush:(Y):
painting purpose.

Eraser tool: to erase the selected part of the image.(remove background layer lock for erasing).

Background eraser tool: to erase the selected part of the image.

Magic eraser tool: Click on a particular colour, the total colour will be deleted.

Gradiant Tool: Filling the readymade gradiants in the selected area.
procedure: click on gradiant tool, then open the gradiant library in the options bar, then select any gradiant, and click and drag on the image, click on the gradiant in the options bar, to create own gradiant colours.(we can also use the load gradiants for more gradiant styles).

Paint bucket tool(g):
to fill foreground colours or patterns in the selected area.

Blur tool(r): making the image smooth
sharpen tool(r): making the image sharp.
smudgetool(r): to extract the selected area.

Dodge tool(o): adding whiteness in the image.
Burn tool(o): adding darkness in the image.
sponge tool(o):
desaturate: making grayscale.
saturate: increasing the colour level in the image.

Horizontal type tool(t): typing the text horizontally.
1. title text: click the type.
2. paragraph text: click drag then type.

Layer palette:(f7).

layers are the transparent sheets,
using layers we can edit each layer seperately.
(we can create the layers and we can delete the layers).

Path selection tool(a): selecting the pen tool created paths.
direct selection tool(a): Adjusting the points, after designing with pen tool.
Pen tool: to draw designs easily.
freeform pen tool: to draw designs with free hand movement.
Add anchor point tool: To add points in the pen tool design.
Delete Anchor point tool: to delete the points in the pen tool design.
Convert point tool: Adjusting the points, after designing with pen tool.(Hold Alt, or ctrl for adjustments).

Rectangle tool, Rounded Rectangle tool, ellipse tool, polygon tool, line tool, custom shape tool all are readymade shapes.

Eyedropper tool: picking the colour in the selected part of the image.
the colour will be placed in the foreground box.

colour sampler tool: giving the information about the colour mode, colour range.
Measure tool: for measuring purpose.

Notes tool(n): storing the information about the file.

zoom tool(z): to zoom the image.
Hand tool(H): giving position to the image after zooming.

Tab+f+f= full screen.
Tab+f= Normal.
D= black & white.
X= interchainging the foreground,background colours.

Menus:

file menu:
New: to create a new page.
open: to open saved files.
Browse: searching the files.
open as: to open a file in different format.
file formats.
.Psd: photoshop document.
.Pmd: pagemaker document.
.cdr: coreldraw
.fla: flash
.max: 3d max.
.doc: word document.
.xls: excel.
.ppt: powerpoint.
.bmp: paint.
.dir: director.
.html: hyper text markup language.

.Psd: photoshop document.
.Pmd: pagemaker document.
.cdr: coreldraw
*.jpeg: joint photographic experts group.
*.gif: Graphic interchange format.
*.avi: Audio video interleaved format.
.Tiff: tagged image file format.
.Png: portable network graphics.

open recent: to open the recently saved files.
close: to close the file.
save: to save the file.
save as: To save the file more times with different names.
we can change the file formats also.
revert: undo upto save.
Import: scanning the images.
export: export the file to illustrator.
file info: storing the information about the file.
page setup: giving page settings.
print with preview: viewing the preview before print.
print: to print the image.
exit: to close the photoshop.

Automate:
create two folders(1 & 2)  on the desktop, paste images in the 2nd folder. then go to photoshop, file menu, automate, web photo gallery, then click on browse select the images folder, then click in destination select the empty folder, then click ok, all the images will be arranged in order as web gallery.

Save for web:

insert any image, then select slice tool, draw on the image, then go to slice select tool, click on slice options in options bar, then minimise the photoshop then open any jpeg image(open with internet explorer) then copy the address of the image, then come to photoshop paste the address in the url box, then click ok, then go to file menu, click on save for web, then click on save, then give and location, then click ok, then open the saved file then click on given link.

edit menu:

undo: step back/forward once.
step backward:  undo.
step forward: redo.
fade: making transparent to the filled colour in the selection.
procedure: take any image, then select a particular area, then fill the colour, then go to editmenu, select fade, decrease the opacity, the selected filled colour will be transparent.
cut: to cut the selected part of the image.
copy: to copy the selected part of the image.
paste: to paste the copied content.
paste into: first copy any image, then type text with Horizontal type mask tool, then increase the size then take move tool, go to edit menu, press paste into.
clear: to delete the selected part of the image.
copy merged: to copy different layer contents of the  selected part of the image.
check spelling: correcting the spelling mistakes.
find and replace text: to find and replace the text.
fill: to fill background, foreground, patterns, history, etc in the selected part of the image.
stroke: giving outline to the selection.
free transform: increasing or decreasing the size of the image.
transform: scaling, rotate, skew, distort, fliping the image.

define brush: to create a new brush design in the brush palette.
procedure: create any design in a new layer, then go to edit menu, define brush, give name click ok, then go to brush palette, go to last brush, select it, apply on the image.

define pattern:
 to create a new pattern design in the pattern stamp tool palette.
procedure: create any design in a new layer, then go to edit menu, define pattern, give name click ok, then go to pattern stamp tool palette, go to last pattern, select it, apply on the image.

custom shape tool:

to create a new custom shape design in the custom shape tool palette.

procedure: create any design in a new layer(with pen tool or auto shapes), then go to edit menu, define custom shape tool, give name click ok, then go to custom shape tool palette, go to last palette, select it, draw on the page.

image menu:

mode: converting the image mode.
eg: grayscale, to RGB
    RGB to cmyk
    etc.,

duplicate: making the image duplicate.
apply image: giving colour shadings to the image.(adjust the blending options)
calculations: giving black and white shadings to the image.(adjust the blending options)
image size: increasing or decreasing the size or resolutions of the image.
canvas size: increasing or decreasing the canvas size.
rotate canvas: to rotate the canvas.
Trim: the canvas will be adjusted to the image size.(first decrease the image size).
reveal all: the canvas will be adjusted to the image size.(first increase the image size).

adjustments: changing the contrast, brightness, colours in the image.

levels: to adjust the brightness and contrast in the image.
autolevels, auto contrast, auto colour: to adjust the colour, brightness contrast, in the image automatically.
curves: to adjust the brightness and contrast in the image.
color balance: to adjust the colours in the image.
brightness and constrast: to adjust the bightness and contrast in the image.
Hue/saturation: changing the dress, eyes, lips colours in the image reaslistically.
desaturate: making grayscale.
replace color: to replace the colour in the image.
selective color: to change the colour of the selected colour in the image.
channel mixer: changing the colour in the image.
gradiant map: giving gradiant mixing colours in the image.
invert: negative effect.
equalise: it automatically equalises the image colour.
variations: adjusting the colours in the image.

Help menu:
Using help menu we can get information about the photoshop software.

window menu:

tools: to hide or unhide the tools palette.
options: to hide or unhide the options palette.
file browser: searching the files.
navigator: zoom
info: giving the information about the image colour mode.
color: changing the colour in the foreground or background box.
swatches: changing the color in the foreground box.
styles: to hide or unhide the styles palette.
History: giving the information about the created work in the image.
Actions: readymade designs will be created.
Tools presets: to hide or unhide the tools presets palette. we can use the tools here also.
Layers: to hide or unhide the layers palette.
channels: to hide or unhide the channels.
paths: we can store the pen tool created paths in different layers.
Brushes: we can use more brushes here.
Character: giving characters settings.
eg: font style, font size style.
paragraph: giving paragraph settings.
eg: left,right,center,justify allignments, margin settings etc.,
status bar: to hide or unhide the status bar.

view menu:

proof setup: giving colour settings to the image.
proof colors: click proof colors for reseting the image.
zoom in: to increase the zoom of the image.
zoom out: to decrease the zoom of the image.
actual size: the original size will be displayed.
fit on screen: the image will be fixed in the window.
print size: the print size will be shown.
show: to hide or unhide the guides, grids, selections, paths etc.,
Rulers:to hide or unhide the ruler bar.
Snap to: snap is attracting the objects.
the objects will be attracted to the guides, grids, etc.,
lock guides: the guides will be locked or unlocked using this option.
clear guides: to delete the guides.
new guide: to create a new guide by giving measurements.

Select menu:

select all: to select total image.
deselect: to remove the selection.
reselect: to reselect the deselected selection.
inverse: to select inverse.
colour range: same as magic wand tool.(to select a particular selected colour with eyedropper tool)
feather: giving selection edges smooth.
modify: giving border,smoothness, expand, contract, to the selection.
Grow: to increase the selected color selection in the image.
similar: to select totally in the image  of the selected colour.
Transform selection: to increase or decrease the selection size.
load selection: to get back the saved selections.
save selectioin: to save the selection.

layer menu:

New: to create a new layer, to remove the background lock, etc.,
duplicate layer: to create a duplicate layer.
Delete: to Delete the selected layers.
Layer properties: giving colour to the layer.
Layer style: giving effects to the layer contents.
Drop shadow: giving shadow to the layer content.
Inner shadow: giving shadow inside the content of the layer.
Outer glow: giving outer glow to the content of the layer.
inner glow: giving glow inside the content of the layer.
Bevel and emboss: giving emboss effects to the content of the layers.
satin: giving colour effects.
colour overlay: changing the colour to the content of the layer.
gradiant overlay: giving gradiant colours to the content of the layer.
pattern over lay: giving patterns to the content of the layer.
stroke: giving outline effect to the content of the layer.
copy layer style: to copy the layer style effect.
paste layer style: to paste the copied layer style effect.
clear layer style: to delete the layer sytle effect.
global light: changing the angle of the lightness.
create layers: the effects will be created in  a different layer.
Hide all effects: to hide or unhide the layer style effects.
scale effects: to increase or decrease the size of the layer style effects.

new fill layer:
to fill colour, gradiant, patterns in the selected area in a new layer.

new adjustment layer:
giving colours adjustments to the images in a new layer.
change layercontent/layer content options:
to change already given adjustment layer effects.
Type: giving text styles
Rasterize: Rasterizing the layer contents.

Add layer mask: go hide or unhide the layer.
Reveal selection: to hide or unhide the unselected area.
Hide selection: to hide or unhide the selected area.

precedure: take two images in two different layers, then select an object in a image. then apply reveal selection, to remove mask, go to layer, remove layermask, discard.

add vector mask: take any image, remove the background lock, then click on hide all, then take custom shape tool, draw on the hided image, the image will be visibled in the custom shape.

group with previous:
Group the layers,
to remove the group select ungroup.
procedure: take any image, then type the text in another layer, then image layer should be first, then text layer should be second, then select image layer, select group with previous, to remove group select ungroup.

arrange: shifting the layers up or down.
Merge down: at a time the single below layer will be merged.
Merge visible: the visible layers will be merged.
flatten image: all the layers will be merged, background lock will be inserted. (hidden layers will be deleted).

filter menu:

extract: extracting the selected part of the image.
Liquify: giving effects to the image.
eg: extracting, compressing, bulging etc,.
Pattern maker: giving pattern effects in the image.

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