The common cold is a communicable disease that can be caused by various kinds of viruses. Since so many distinct viruses can lead to a common cold and fresh cold viruses persistently develop, the body is not able to accumulate resistance against all of the viruses. Due to this, colds are a regular and recurring issue. Children in pre-school can suffer 6-12 colds every year, while adults normally have 2-4 colds every year. Common colds, which mostly occur during the winter months, are one of the most regularly occurring ailments in the world. Additionally, they are the number one reason for doctor visits or missed attendance at school or work.
Cold symptoms begin about 2 to 3 days after you get infected with the virus. Sometimes, they can even take up to a week to make their presence known. These symptoms include:
Ø Sore throat
Ø Nasal blocking
Ø Runny nose and sneezing
Ø Scratchy throat
Ø Both adults and children might experience a low fever
Ø Nasal stuffiness or drainage
Ø Watery eyes
Ø Body aches
You can also experience:
Ø Reduced appetite
Ø Muscle pains
Ø Post-nasal drip
Symptoms experienced by adults are similar to ones seen in children. The cold will most likely start with a runny nose. The nasal discharge is usually clear but later on turns into yellowish or greenish color. The symptoms will typically take two weeks to disappear but most people get better within one week. If you are not experiencing a high fever, then you have no reason to worry.
If, however, you secrete dark mucus when coughing or experience pain inside your lungs, it might be a pulmonary disorder. It’;s wise to see you doctor and get a check up from a lung specialist. You may have a hard time while breathing or experience chest rigidity. Significant fatigue is also not expected with a common cold.
If the cough takes a long time to go away, such as more than 8 weeks, and produces large amounts of mucus, it could be chronic cough. You might even cough up blood or get a severe heartburn or sour taste in your mouth. Pulmonary disorders can also cause rapid weight loss, and aching muscles and joints.
How to Treat Pulmonary Symptoms
Pulmonary disorders are treated by preventing further lung damage, relieving current symptoms, and assisting the patient with staying healthy. Some of the most common treatment methods are:
Prescriptions – Doctors can prescribe prednisone to decrease inflammation, or provide medication to strengthen the immune system.
Oxygen therapy –This is used in case the oxygen quantity in the patient’;s body system gets low. Supplemental oxygen medications assist to relieve breathing problems and allow the patient to stay active for longer.
Blood thinning – Since patients suffering from pulmonary disorders might be at a heightened risk for blood clots, this is an acceptable treatment method.
Pulmonary rehabilitation – This is a program that educates patients concerning pulmonary disorders and gives support and counseling.