Germany: at a Glance

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Germany: at a glance

Awadhesh Kishore and Rakhi Sharma*

Sarvoday Mahavidyalaya, Chaumuhan-281406, Mathura (INDIA)

*Institute for Development of Technology for Rural Advancement, Mathura-281004 (INDIA)

Summary:

Federal Republic of Germany (Area 357,021 square km), is a European country Berlin, is being the Capital. Major language is German, religion Christianity, currency Euro, Internet domain .de, International dialing code +49 and Time zone is GMT + 2.00. Article deals with introduction, geography, climate, neighbors, states, technological achievements, tourist attractions and airports and airlines of Germany.

Keywords:

.de, +49, Airports and airlines of Germany, Berlin, Christianity, Climate, Euro, Europe, Geography, German, Germany, GMT + 2.00, Neighbors, States, Tourist attractions.

General Introduction:

Full name of Germany is Federal Republic of Germany and Berlin is its Capital. Major language is German and religion Christianity. Currency is Euro. Internet domain is .de and International dialing code +49. Time zone is GMT + 2.00.

Geography:

An area of 357,021 square km is covered under Germany. Most of the parts of Germany remain between latitudes 47° and 55° N, and longitudes 5° and 16° E. The Bavarian plateau in the southwest averages 488 m above sea level, but it reaches as high as 2,962 m in the country. Major rivers of Germany are the Danube, the Elbe, the Oder, the Weser, and the Rhine. Zugspitze (2,962 m) is highest peak.

Climate:

The weather in Germany is not as stable and predictable as it is in southern Africa. This, generally, leads to a moderate climate with good rains throughout the year. Extreme temperature lows and highs are rare. In April, the weather is most unpredictable and May is usually a beautiful month. Precipitation in Germany peaks in the summer months (June – September) temperatures usually range between 22 and 30°C. In October, weather can still be sunny and warm. In November, Days are getting noticeably shorter. Winters (December – March) are rather mild with daytime temperatures averaging between 0 and 5°C. Snowfall normally occurs in December, January and February.

Neighbors:

Germany is bordered by Poland and the Czech Republic in the east, France and Luxembourg in the south-west, Belgium and the Netherlands in the north-west, Denmark in the north, and Austria and Switzerland in the south.

States of Germany:

States of Germany (capital, are in square km): Germany has sixteen states. Based on the are of the state those can be classified as Bavaria (Munich, 70549 square km); Lower Saxony (Hanover, 47618 square km); Baden-Württemberg (Stuttgart, 35752 square km); North Rhine-Westphalia (Düsseldorf, 34043 square km); Brandenburg (Potsdam, 29477 square km); Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Schwerin, 23174 square km); Hesse (Wiesbaden, 21115 square km); Saxony-Anhalt (Magdeburg, 20445 square km); Rhineland-Palatinate (Mainz, 19847 square km); Saxony (Dresden, 18416 square km); Thuringia (Erfurt, 16172 square km); Schleswig-Holstein (Kiel, 15763 square km); Saarland (Saarbrücken, 2569 square km); Berlin (Berlin, 892 square km); Hamburg (Hamburg, 755 square km) and Bremen (Bremen, 404 square km).

Technological achievements:

Germany is most industrialized and populous country of Europe. It is famous for its technological achievements. Germany exports mainly Motor vehicles, electrical machinery and metals.

Tourist attractions:

Top ten tourist attractions in Germany are Rügen Cliffs; Romantic Rhine; Frauenkirche; Lindau; Oktoberfest; Cologne Cathedral; Holstentor; Heidelberg Old City; Brandenburg Gate and Neuschwanstein.

Airports and Airlines:

Major of Germany are Berlin-Tegel; Cologne Bonn; Düsseldorf International; Frankfurt (FRA); Hamburg; Munich and Nuremberg Stuttgart. Air Berlin; Condor Airlines; Germanwings; Lufthansa; Pan American World Airways and TUIfly are mainly airlines.

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