Maintenance Requirements of Goat (Kid And Mature) For Preparation of Balance Ration

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Maintenance requirements of goat (kid and mature) for preparation of balance ration

Awadhesh Kishore and Rakhi Sharma*

Sarvoday Mahavidyalaya, Chaumuhan-281406, Mathura (INDIA)

*Institute for Development of Technology for Rural Advancement, Mathura-281004 (INDIA)

Summary:

Article deals with nutritional allowances for maintenance, growth, breeding and milk production for goats as per ICAR. Amount of nutrients dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), total digestible nutrients (TDN), calcium and phosphorus are illustrated for various groups of mature goats and growing kids based on live weight. It will help Animal nutrition research workers and goat farmers.

Keywords:

Allowances, Animal nutrition, Balance ration, Breeding, Goat, Goat farmers, Growth, ICAR, Kids, Live weight, Maintenance, Mature goat, Milk production, Nutrients, Research.

The nutritional requirement for maintenance of growing kids weighing between 10 and 30 kg and growing at the rate of 50 g/day and mature goats weighing between 30 and 70 kg, as recommended by ICAR (1985), are detailed here.

Growing kids:

Nutrient requirements of growing kids for their maintenance at the growth rate of 50 g/day are as follows:

1. A growing kid weighing 10 kg needs 425 g dry matter; 25 g digestible crude protein; 275 g total digestible nutrients; 1.8 g calcium and 1.1 g phosphorus daily.

2. A growing kid weighing 15 kg needs 600 g dry matter; 30 g digestible crude protein; 350 g total digestible nutrients; 2 g calcium and 1.2 g phosphorus daily.

3. A growing kid weighing 20 kg needs 700 g dry matter; 35 g digestible crude protein; 400 g total digestible nutrients; 2.4 g calcium and 1.4 g phosphorus daily.

4. A growing kid weighing 25 kg needs 800 g dry matter; 40 g digestible crude protein; 450 g total digestible nutrients; 2.6 g calcium and 1.5 g phosphorus daily.

5. A growing kid weighing 30 kg needs 950 g dry matter; 45 g digestible crude protein; 500 g total digestible nutrients; 2.9 g calcium and 1.6 g phosphorus daily.

Mature goats:

Nutrient requirements of mature goats for their maintenance are as follows:

1. A mature goat weighing 30 kg needs 900 g dry matter; 35 g digestible crude protein; 400 g total digestible nutrients; 2 g calcium and 1 g phosphorus daily.

2. A mature goat weighing 40 kg needs 1200 g dry matter; 40 g digestible crude protein; 500 g total digestible nutrients; 2.5 g calcium and 1.2 g phosphorus daily.

3. A mature goat weighing 50 kg needs 1400 g dry matter; 45 g digestible crude protein; 560 g total digestible nutrients; 2.7 g calcium and 1.4 g phosphorus daily.

4. A mature goat weighing 60 kg needs 1600 g dry matter; 55 g digestible crude protein; 670 g total digestible nutrients; 3 g calcium and 1.6 g phosphorus daily.

5. A mature goat weighing 70 kg needs 1800 g dry matter; 60 g digestible crude protein; 760 g total digestible nutrients; 3.5 g calcium and 1.8 g phosphorus daily.

Production allowances:

To meet nutritional requirements for developing foetus in advanced pregnancy in females and spermatogenesis in males during breeding season, a daily additional allowance of 55 g digestible crude protein; 400 g total digestible nutrients; 2 g calcium and 1.4 g phosphorus over and above the maintenance is needed for breeding purposes. For each litre of milk produced, the lactating goat should be provided 70 g digestible crude protein; 350 g total digestible nutrients; 3.0 g calcium and 2.1 g phosphorus in addition to maintenance.

Reference:

ICAR, 1985. Nutrients Requirements of Livestock and Poultry. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. pp. 5–7.

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