Daily Feeding Schedule For Crossbred Calves

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Daily Feeding schedule for crossbred calves

Awadhesh Kishore and Rakhi Sharma*

Sarvoday Mahavidyalaya, Chaumuhan-281406, Mathura (INDIA)

*Institute for Development of Technology for Rural Advancement, Mathura-281004 (INDIA)

Summary:

Calf is a monogestric animal having no efficiency to digest fibrous feed. As he develops as a ruminant, fibrous feed is included and calf starter is increased in diet. Till development of rumen those are fed specific diet including colostrums, milk, skim milk, calf starter, Fibrous feed (green fodder). At the age of 23 weeks, calf becomes a ruminant.

Keywords:

Calf, Calf starter, Colostrums, Crossbred calves, Diet, Feeding schedule, Fibrous feed, Green fodder, Milk, Monogestric animal, Nutrition.

In the calves the rumen is not functioning because it is under development. During the period of development of this organ a calf is not a ruminant animal but is acting as a monogestric animal. During this period he has no efficiency to digest fibrous feed. As the rumen is develops, fibrous feed is included and the amount of the feed is increased. Till the development of rumen the calves are raised on specific diet.

Feeding schedule:

Days 0-3:

The calf has no ability to ingest fibrous feed during this period. The animal will be provided 2.5 litre colostrums only.

Days 4-7:

The calf has no ability to ingest fibrous feed during this period. The animal will be provided 2.5 litres milk only.

Week 2:

The calf will be able to have feed and digest calf starter and training to have feed fibrous diet will be started. The animal will be provided 3.0 litres milk, 0.100 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

Week 3:

The calf starts to have fibrous feed. The animal will be raised on increased amount of calf starter. He will be provided 3.250 litres milk, 0.300 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

Week 4:

The amount of milk will be reduced and calf started will be increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will continue. The calf will be provided 3.000 litres milk, 0.400 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

Week 5:

Some amount of milk will be replaced through skim milk. Amount of calf starter will be increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will continue. The calf will be provided 1.500 litres milk, 1.000 litres skim milk, 0.500 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

Week 6:

Skim milk will replace total whole milk. Amount of calf starter increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will continue. The calf will be provided 2.500 litres skim milk, 0.650 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

Week 7:

Amount of skim milk will be reduced and calf starter increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will continue. The calf will be provided 2.000 litres skim milk, 0.800 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

Week 8:

Amount of skim milk will be reduced and calf starter increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will continue. The calf will be provided 1.750 litres skim milk, 1.000 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

Week 9:

Amount of skim milk will be reduced and calf starter will be increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will continue. The calf will be provided 1.250 litres skim milk, 1.200 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

Week 10:

Total skim milk will be replaced by calf starter. He will be maintained on calf starter and ad lib fibrous feed. The calf will be provided 1.300 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

Week 11:

Amount of calf starter will be increased. He will be maintained on calf starter and ad lib fibrous feed. The calf will be provided 1.400 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

Week 12:

Amount of calf starter will be increased. He will be maintained on calf starter and ad lib fibrous feed. The calf will be provided 1.500 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

Week 13:

Amount of calf starter will be increased. He will be maintained on calf starter and ad lib fibrous feed. He should be provided diet accordingly. The calf will be provided 2.000 kg calf starter and ad lib good quality green fodder.

The calf is now working as a ruminants.

Calf Starter:

The composition of calf starter is wheat/wheat flour 10 kg; maize 15 kg; wheat bran  25 kg; groundnut cake  25 kg; fish meal (jawla type)  5 kg; molasses  5 kg; soyaflakes  12 kg; mineral mixture  3 kg; hyblend/ rovimix  25 g and TM 10 300 g.

Evaluation of calf starter:

A calf weighing 19.48 kg body wt. at birth was attained 56.30 kg Body wt. At 90 days on this calf starter. The animal gained 36.82 kg Gain in body weight within a period of 90 days. The average daily gain remained 409 g/d. The saving with this milk replacer was Rs. 400/- per calf upto 90 days of age.

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