Daily Feeding Schedule For Buffalo Calves

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Daily Feeding schedule for buffalo calves

Rakhi Sharma and Awadhesh Kishore*

Institute for Development of Technology for Rural Advancement, Mathura-281004 (INDIA)

*Sarvoday Mahavidyalaya, Chaumuhan-281406, Mathura (INDIA)

Summary:

In the buffalo calves the rumen is under development process act as a monogestric animal. Till the development of rumen the buffalo calves are raised on specific diet. The diet includes colostrums, milk, skim milk, buffalo calf starter and nice quality green fodder at various stage of development of rumen. After 13 weeks, the buffalo calf acts as a ruminant.

Keywords:

Buffalo calf starter, Buffalo calves, Colostrums, Feeding schedule, Green fodder, Milk, Monogestric animal, Rumen, Ruminant, Skim milk, Weeks.

In the buffalo calves the rumen is not functioning because it is under development process. In the course of the period of development of this organ a buffalo calf does not act as a ruminant animal but is acting as a monogestric animal. In the course of this period he does not have an efficiency to digest fibrous feed. As the rumen develops, fibrous feed is included and the amount of the feed is increased. Till the development of rumen the buffalo calves are raised on specific diet.

Feeding schedule:

Days 0-3:

The buffalo calf has no ability to ingest fibrous feed in the course of this period. The animal will be given 2.5 litre colostrums only.

Days 4-7:

The buffalo calf has no ability to ingest fibrous feed in the course of this period. The animal will be given 2.5 litres milk only.

Week 2:

The buffalo calf will be able to have feed and digest buffalo calf starter and training to have feed fibrous diet will be started. The animal will be given 3 litres milk, 0.1 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

Week 3:

The buffalo calf starts to have fibrous feed. The animal will be raised on increased amount of buffalo calf starter. He will be given 3.25 litres milk, 0.3 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

Week 4:

The amount of milk will be reduced and buffalo calf starter will be increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will remain continued. The buffalo calf will be given 3 litres milk, 0.4 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

Week 5:

Some amount of milk will get replaced through skim milk. Amount of buffalo calf starter will be increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will remain continued. The buffalo calf will be given 1.5 litres milk, 1 litres skim milk, 0.5 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

Week 6:

Skim milk will replace total whole milk. Amount of buffalo calf starter increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will remain continued. The buffalo calf will be given 2.5 litres skim milk, 0.65 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

Week 7:

Amount of skim milk will be reduced and buffalo calf starter increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will remain continued. The buffalo calf will be given 2 litres skim milk, 0.8 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

Week 8:

Amount of skim milk will be reduced and buffalo calf starter increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will remain continued. The buffalo calf will be given 1.75 litres skim milk, 1 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

Week 9:

Amount of skim milk will be reduced and buffalo calf starter will be increased. Fibrous feed ad lib will remain continued. The buffalo calf will be given 1.25 litres skim milk, 1.2 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

Week ten:

Total skim milk will get replaced by buffalo calf starter. They will be maintained on buffalo calf starter and ad lib fibrous feed. The buffalo calf will be given 1.3 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

Week 11:

Amount of buffalo calf starter will be increased. They will be maintained on buffalo calf starter and ad lib fibrous feed. The buffalo calf will be given 1.4 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

Week 12:

Amount of buffalo calf starter will be continued to increase. He will be maintained on buffalo calf starter and ad lib fibrous feed. The buffalo calf will be given 1.5 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

Week 13:

Amount of buffalo calf starter will be increased. They will be maintained on buffalo calf starter and ad lib fibrous feed. They ought to be given diet accordingly. The buffalo calf will be given 2 kg buffalo calf starter and ad lib nice quality green fodder.

The buffalo calf is now working as a ruminant.

Buffalo calf Starter:

The composition of buffalo calf starter is wheat/wheat flour ten kg; maize 15 kg; wheat bran 25 kg; groundnut cake 25 kg; fish meal (jawla type) five kg; molasses five kg; soyaflakes 12 kg; mineral mixture 3 kg; hyblend/ rovimix 25 g and TM-10 300 g.

Evaluation of buffalo calf starter:

A calf weighing 19.48 kg body wt. at birth was attained 56.30 kg Body wt. At 90 days on this calf starter. The animal gained 36.82 kg Gain in body weight within a period of 90 days. The average every day gain remained 409 g/d. The saving with this milk replacer was Rs. 400/- per calf upto 90 days of age.

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