Anorexia Nervosa Review

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It seems that the proper attention to balanced diet and nutrition is taken for granted. That is why most of these people are suffering an eating disorder known as anorexia nervosa. This is an eating behavior wherein people are conscious about the food to take and eventually it resulted to eating disorder wherein the required nutrients are no longer commensurate for their age and height. Intense fear of weight gain even when they are underweight is one characteristics of a person who has this kind of disorder. Surprisingly, they use other methods or taking slimming supplements to lose weight aside from excessive diet and exercise.

Common Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa

In order to be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, a person must meet the following indications. First, he or she has an extreme fear of gaining or becoming fat even it does not longer fit to his or her age and height. Second, he or she does not believe that normal for his or her age and height is 15 percent or higher than his normal weight. Third, a person with this kind of disorder is very conscious about their body weight or shape, and once the body image is distorted, he or she refuses to admit that the weight loss is no longer advisable. Lastly, for women, they have not had a regular stint for menstrual cycles up to three or more times. The food intake of people with anorexia is severely limited and they feel guilty if they mistakenly eaten too much. People with anorexia nervosa have behavioral patterns like cutting food into small bites or pieces moving them around the plate instead of partaking it. Even if the bad weather is approaching or the schedule is very tight, exercising should not be neglected. After taking meals, a bathroom routine is observed. Sometimes they refuse to eat with someone who could see them or they use pills to excrete food easily or make the bowel movement faster or taking diet pills to decrease appetite. Medically, they have these following symptoms. A blotchy or yellow skin that is dry and covered with fine hair is visible. Poor memory or judgment along with confused or slow thinking, depression, dry mouth and extreme sensitivity to cold are clearly manifested. Loss of bone strength and getting rid of muscle and body fat which reshape the body structure are main indicators of people with anorexia nervosa.

Major cause

The major cause of it is mainly on personal behavior though a lot of factors could contribute to this disorder such as the role played by genes and hormones, social attitudes and pressures that promote slimness and sexiness. The involvement of family conflicts is least considered to be contributor of this eating disorder. There are risks both in physical and emotional aspects such as following rules on perfect body strictly. Weight and shape is highly at stake which more attention is drawn here. During infancy and early childhood, eating problems had been developed. Social and culture incidence influence health and beauty that give negative self-image if it is not followed or could be developed to anxiety disorder as a child. Surprisingly, anorexia nervosa is highly observed in most women who are high academic achievers with background of goal-oriented family and personality that begins during the teen years or young adulthood.

Treatments

Health and medical practitioners including nurse, physicians, nutritionists or dietitians and other mental health providers are usually involved in these programs. Therapies are done together with the support of both patients and families will help to lessen the difficulty of treatment. If the therapy is found to be unsuccessful, the patient may quit the program and find another means to avoid mental and emotional complications. Talk therapy, as commonly used to treat people with anorexia nervosa, includes cognitive behavioral therapy, group therapy, and family therapy which intend to alter patient’s perceptions that proper eating is desirable trait. Antidepressants, antipsychotics and mood stabilizers are medical treatment given to help some anorexic patients as part of a complete treatment program. Along with anorexia nervosa patients, these are also used to help patients with depression or anxiety.

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