In times of chaos and mishaps, people take refuge in their neighbor truly a good sign of developing the sense of camaraderie. However, too much dependency is not healthy for a person who is capable of surviving and if he continues to dwell in this behavior, he might have a dependent personality disorder. The term dependent personality disorder connotes a persistent condition in which people draw huge amount of dependence on others to meet their emotional and physical needs.
Common Symptoms of Dependent Personality Disorder
People who have the dependent personality disorder are characterized by indecisiveness, fear of separation and loss. Battered women are commonly having this disorder. They may go to great lengths and heights to stay and endure in a relationship even if where everything is no longer fair to her. Symptoms of dependent personality disorder may be best described by avoidance of being alone and personal responsibility, becoming restless and easily hurt by criticism or disapproval, overly focused on fear of being abandoned, becoming very inert in relationships, helplessness and having problems counter-arguing with others.
The major cause of dependent personality disorder usually begins in childhood. According to Erik Erikson, a renowned psychologists and proponent of psychosocial theory, that once a child is being deprived in his early years, he could develop a behavior that could affect his social actions in his later years. Particularly in trust vs. mistrust stage, he proposes that once a child is dominated by mistrust over trust which means that his basic needs are not met has the bigger chances of having dependent personality in his later years. However, the causes of this disorder are still unknown and debatable. Accordingly, it is one of the most common personality disorders exists in medical psychology and the share of incidence of both men and women is equal.
Psychological evaluation, history, and severity of the symptoms are the bases of diagnosis for personality disorders like the dependent personality disorder. Psychological evaluation is an important tool in assessing and counter-checking the probable cause of the condition. History, on the other hand, will help the specialists and attending health professionals dredge out the possible roots of the condition since genetic factors play a very big role in the evolution of the disorder. Lastly, the severity of symptoms will help the doctors to relegate proper medication to the patient. Accuracy of this assessment should be taken seriously for any wrong evaluation may cause injuries or even death. Proper documentation of the condition will lead to success of the process. Among the famous therapy is the talk therapy (psychotherapy) which is considered to be the most effective treatment for gradually helping people with dependent personality disorder to make more independent choices in life especially in developing an attitude of making sound judgment and good decision. Medication may help treat other conditions, such as anxiety or depression. Improvements are usually seen only with continuous and long-term therapy.