Motor Skills Disorder

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Motor skills of a person include fine motor skills and gross motor skills which are developing during the childhood stage. These skills enable us to clutch things, clasping, crawling, walking, jumping, throwing and other activities that involve small and big muscles. Disability has been proven to be the major characteristics of motor skills disorders. They have late responses and absentmindedness and are often described as maladroit. Motor skills disorder generally affects the muscular and skeletal system of an individual. Among the predicaments that a patient having motor skills disorder are emotional despair, depression and anxiety, economic and job security and social and cultural interaction.

Common Symptoms of Motor Skills Disorder

Variations of the symptoms of motor skills disorders are based on age, overall health and severity. In children, apparent display of physical deformities like hyptotonia and hypertonia are manifested. Hyptotonia is characterized by loosed joints and muscles while hypertonia is embodied by rigid joints and muscles. The tendency of having disability in their later years will likely to happen due to the complications that hinder the proper development of the muscular and skeletal system. Also, motor skills disorder patients have clumsy movements and very weak projection due to improper coordination of bones and muscles. Although motor skills disorder does not manifest mental and psychological discrepancies, negligence and delayed treatment of the disorder may lead to other complications that will affect both the physical and emotional stature of the patient.

Major Cause

Among the major causes of motor skills disorder are prematurity, learning deficiencies, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, muscular and skeletal dystrophy, cerebral palsy and metabolic impairment. The exact and true cause of motor skill disorder is still unknown joining other major disorders. According to medical doctor David Perlstein, motor skills disorder is often correlated with anatomical or developmental irregularities that causes by genetic, intrauterine and environmental factors.


Tested and proven treatments have been used to treat patient with motor skills disorder. One of the objectives of the treatment is to alleviate the child’s functioning capabilities. Therapeutic lessons include the repetition drills in the fine motor skills like gripping, clutching, clasping, holding and clenching. It may involve drawing or sand forming to bring out the artistry potential of a patient. This can improve one’s handwriting and the ability to grasp objects. Meanwhile, if the patient is ready for more heavy tasks for the improvement of gross motor skills may include activities like crawling, sitting, standing, walking, hopping, jumping and throwing. However, specifications of treatment ensure the proper addressing of the problem. Intensive collaboration between the parents and health professionals is needed to effectively address the needs and wants of the patient. The development and success of the treatment are greatly depending on the perseverance and determination of the patient to tolerate the medical treatments applied to him.


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