Positive schema reinforces the impulse to continue while negative stimulus discourages the impulse to react. However, people with impulse control disorders are unable to manage their impulsive actions thus they are susceptible to consequences and destruction. Impulse control disorder has interrelated disorders like compulsive buying disorder, pathological gambling, hypersexuality, compulsive eating, kleptomania, pyromania, compulsive hair pulling, compulsive nail biting and compulsive violent outburst. This disorder is worth studying because a person possesses a lot of impulses and this will help us to identify the differences of mannerisms from impulse control disorder.
Common Symptoms of Impulse Control Disorder
Some of the distinguishing features of any impulse control disorder patient have the manifestations of performing the impulsive activity alone, engaging in the impulsive activity fully knowing that it will produce consequences such as harm to self or others, feeling tense or aroused, becoming incredibly excited during the act, feeling of guilt or shame, and feeling out of control in regard to his/her actions. The specification of the problem would give the variation on the symptoms of an impulse control disorder. The inability of the person to control one’s emotion will lead him to serious negative consequences. Due to the degree of variation, it can be difficult to distinguish between healthy, acceptable impulsive behaviors and a disorder.
Economic and social statuses affect the behavior of an individual. For example, a very wealthy person may not be significantly affected financially by a compulsive buying disorder but a low-income person could suffer serious financial difficulties from the disorder. Impulse control disorders are probably caused from an amalgamation of biological, social, and psychological factors. Although some impulse control disorders retort well to antidepressants, researchers believe that they could be caused from unbalanced neurotransmitters in the brain. Studies also prop up the theory that hormone imbalances could go ahead to certain impulse control disorders related to vicious and belligerent tendencies.
Some health agencies have not approved any precise medications to be used with impulse control disorders. On the other hand, some medications have proved effective in treating impulse control disorders, such as antidepressants. Some physical and mental therapies are noteworthy in the promotion of wellness and good health. Example of this is the unconventional therapies may also be effective in treating impulse control disorders, such as meditation, hypnotism, and herbal remedies. Impulse control disorders have very similar characteristics to addictions and are typically treated in the same ways which may include psychotherapy, behavioral modification therapy, and pharmacology. Also a widely used method cognitive therapy, patients are confident to identify their behavioral patterns and the destruction that they cause. Behavioral modification therapy can edify the patient how to avoid the situation and self-restraint techniques to use if exposed to the situation. Exposure therapy can be very useful for helping patients gradually build up a tolerance to the situation while exercising self control. What is important in the medication of the patient is that they are given free will to choose what kind of therapy to take and it is also a way to regain their self worth and confidence that has been lost.