Gender Identity Disorder

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The significant discomfort with the biological sex they were born is known as gender identity disorder. Example of this is like when a person identified as a boy may actually feel and acts like a girl and this is a conflict between a person’s actual physical gender and the gender that person identifies himself or she as this could be a source of sadness, frustration and uneasiness in oneself until it becomes disorder when left insurmountable.

Common Symptoms of Gender Identity Disorder

The symptoms of Gender Identity Disorder can vary by age and by social environment. In children, the manifestations are disgusted by their own genitals, rejected by their peers and feel alone. They have big hopes of becoming the opposite sex that they want and may cause depression and anxiety. They always say that they want to be the opposite sex. In adults, they dress like the opposite sex, feel alone, depressed and anxious, want to live as a person of the opposite sex and wish to be rid of their own genitals. In either adults or children, cross-dressing and withdrawal from social interaction are also manifested. Debates on whether transgender people really suffering from gender identity disorder or not. The feeling of being in the body of the “wrong” gender must last for at least two years for this diagnosis to be made. A history and psychiatric evaluation can confirm the person’s constant desire to be the opposite sex. The person’s partner choices may be same sex or opposite sex.

Major Cause

Take note that gender identity disorder is not the same as homosexuality. People with gender identity disorder may act and present themselves as members of the opposite sex. The disorder may greatly affect the choice of sexual partners, display of feminine or masculine mannerisms, behavior, and dress as well as self-concept. The occurrence of identity conflicts depend in many situations and appear in different ways. Example of this is that some people with normal genital and sexual characteristics like the breasts of one gender privately identify more with the other gender. Questions are also raising especially those who are born with ambiguous genitalia or hermaphrodite and some people may cross-dress and some may sex-change surgery. This rare disorder has no single cause and some factors like environmental and psychological may be involved.


For children, individual and family therapy is suggested.  Individual and, if suitable, couples therapy is recommended for adults. Sex reassignment through surgery and hormonal therapy is a selection, but identity tribulations may continue after this treatment. Patient having the gender identity disorder may cause depression, frustration and isolation if not supported by the family. Family members must have the positive approach in addressing the problem. Condemnation and societal norms should be out of his attention for this would give him a relieving and democratic atmosphere.  Through the adequate time, proper education and quality opportunity to bond will bring back his trust to society and people. For enhancement of mental artistry and creativity, give him or her activities that arouse his/her hidden interests and talents.


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