By substitute, it is a condition in which a person intentionally produces, feigns, or exaggerates symptoms in a person who is in their jurisdiction. Also known as Munchausen syndrome, people having this condition may create symptoms by contamination of urine samples, hallucinogens intake, injection of bacteria to produce infections for themselves, and other suicidal behavior. They might be enticed to commit factitious disorder either as a patient or by substitute as a health care provider to gain any variety of assistance like consideration, nurturance, commiseration and clemency that are unattainable any other way.
Symptoms of Factitious Disorder
The must haves in order to be qualified that the patient has factitious disorder include intention fabrication or faking behavior to produce physical or psychological signs or symptoms and the absence of any mental disorder. The sick role that they assume motivates their behavior and they do not act sick for personal enjoyment as in the case of malingering sentiments. Factitious disorder proxy, on the other hand, refers to an individual applying affectation of being sick to a dependent.
The underlying personality disorder may one of the possible causes for this disorder. People with factitious disorder have the tendency to repeat satisfying childhood relationship with a health professional. Perhaps, a person who is craving to swindle or test authority figures may be the onset of developing the behavior. An underlying personality disorder like the desire to resume the role of a patient and to be cared can also be considered. Negligence, abandonment, sexual abuse in childhood may contribute or trigger to the development of factitious disorder. The reenactment of unresolved sentiments with their parents could be a negative stimulus that triggers personality impairment. Possibly, people afflicted with factitious disorder are habituated to actually being sick once it pleasures him or she, the possibility of returning to this state will continue to happen. The patients with factitious disorder are attention seeker or pleasure stealer. In other words, medical concentration drives their behavior to become sensational and exceptional.
This incredible disorder must be treated with proper care and greater attention. Unfortunately, there are no exact psychiatric medications prescribed for factitious disorder. Family or group therapy can also prove to be of great assistance. In such therapy, families are helped to better understand patients and his or her need for affection. In this therapeutic scenery, the family is urged not to condemn or prize the factitious disorder individual’s behavior. If the family of the patient is passive and uncompassionate, this treatment can be turned into ineffectuality. Psychotherapy is another method used to treat the disorder which focuses on the psychiatrist’s establishing and maintaining a relationship with the patient. Monitoring is also a variety that may be indicated for the factitious disorder patient’s own good; factitious disorder proxy can prove to be very detrimental to an individual’s health—if they are, in fact, causing true physiological illnesses. Even faked illnesses/injuries can be hazardous and might be monitored for panic that gratuitous surgery may consequently be performed.