There are two types of communication disorders to wit. Expressive language disorder is the inability to create speech in proper time while the mixed receptive-expressive languages disorder is the inability to comprehend spoken language as well as to produce speech.
Common Symptoms of Communication Disorder
Each child may experience the most recurring symptoms of communication disorders in a different way. Toddlers with communication disorders are susceptible in difficulty of understanding simple direct instructions or the inability to identify objects through its name. Though these children entering in school could already speak still they experience dilemmas in communication. Children who are studying have problems in semantic and morphological formation especially the teenagers having difficulty in comprehending or inferring abstract thoughts and concepts. Some medical condition and problems may resemble to communication disorders and the consultation about this must be given attention and higher priority.
Developmental and acquisition reasons are the main causes of communication disorders. Basically, biological problems such as abnormalities of brain development or exposure to contamination during the pregnancy greatly affect the child. The utilization of drugs and other toxic substances is harmful to the development of brain functioning though genetic factors may also be one of the causes in some cases. Boys are generally affected by communication disorders for unknown reasons. Communication disorders are concomitant to other psychiatric disorders as well that greatly suffered by some sensitive children.
When the communication delays happen in a child, he is first classified with communication disorders based on speech and language evaluations. The role of child psychologists is very crucial in the detection of emotional and behavioral problems. They do comprehensive assessment that involves psychometric testing and psychological testing of thinking and intellectual abilities. Psychometric testing is the testing designed to assess logical reasoning abilities, reactions to different situations and cognitive performance. To treat the patient with communication disorders, several considerations must be considered such like child’s age, overall health, and medical history, extent of the disorder, typological of disorder, child’s tolerance, and expectations and lastly the opinion or preference of the patient. A synchronized effort between parents, teachers and speech, language and mental health professionals gives the bass for individualized medication techniques that may include with individual or group therapies, special classes or special resources. Common approaches used are the remedial technique that increases the communication skills in the affected areas of the child and the scaffolding of the child to build his strengths and confidence to get out from the tension and distress produced by communication discrepancy. In the reduction of communication disorders specific preventive measures are still unknown. The developmental needs and academic discrepancies of the children with communication disorders have been addressed through the early detection and intervention.