How Does a Air Conditioner Work

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An air conditioner is an electronic common. Be used and home offices everywhere, especially in the tropics. An air conditioner (often referred to as AC) is a device, system or mechanism for cooling and heat from a surface. The cooling is by using a simple refrigeration cycle. In construction, a complete system of heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems is known as “HVAC.” In 1758, Benjamin Franklin and John Hadley led to study a professor of chemistry at the University of Cambridge, an experiment, the principle of evaporation as a means for rapidly cooling an object. Franklin and Hadley confirmed that the evaporation of the volatile solvent such as alcohol and ether may be used to reduce the temperature of an object above the freezing point of water. They conducted their experiment with the bulb of a mercury thermometer is intended, and bellows are used to “accelerate” the evaporation, but low-temperature thermometer at -14 ° C (7 ° F), while the temperature was 18 ° C. (64 ° F). In 1820 discovered British scientist and inventor Michael Faraday, that could cool compression and liquefaction of ammonia to air when the liquefied ammonia was allowed to evaporate.
Air conditioning uses the same principles and basic components, such as the refrigerator of the house. Refrigerators use energy (usually electricity) to transfer heat from the interior of the refrigerator as fresh relatively warm environment of your home, use an air conditioner energy to transfer heat to the interior home relatively warm outside environment.
An air conditioner cools your home with a cold evaporator coil inside the called. Condenser is a coil heat exchanger, the outdoor heat gathered outside. The evaporator and condenser coils are tubes with aluminum fin coil is surrounded. This tube is composed usually of copper.
A pump, called the compressor, moves a heat transfer fluid (or refrigerant) between the evaporator and condenser. The pump forces the cooling circuit through the tubes and fins in the coils.
Evaporated refrigerant in the evaporator in the interior, where heat from the air and thus cooling the house. The cooling gas is from the hot air through the condenser, where it is pumped to a liquid, so that the heat flows to the outside air over the condenser tubes and metal fins.
In the second half of the 20th Century, nearly all air conditioners chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used as refrigerants, but because these chemicals are harmful to the ozone layer of the Earth, which has halted production of CFCs in the United States in 1995. Almost all air conditioning systems now employ chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) as refrigerants, but they will also be abolished, with most production and importing stopped by 2020 and the production and importation of all political prisoners until 2030.
Production and import of primary coolant today for home air conditioners, HCFC-22 (also known as R-22), they begin to be eliminated in 2010 and stopped completely in 2020. However, it should be HCFC-22, for many years are available, as of old systems out of service restored.

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