Sample Treatment of Data

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The data gathered in this thesis study were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 14, a computer program used for statistical analysis. Thus, the treatment of data on the succeeding tables 1-4 was done due to SPSS version 14, a software system for data management and analysis.

SPSS can deal automatically with complex files, the characteristics of the subjects, especially the aforementioned first year students of Minglanilla National Science High School as respondents of this study, are described as mean and SD or proportions (%), if nothing else is indicated.

Student’s t-test was used for comparison of continuous variables. Nonparametric McNemar’s test or Kendall’s W test was used to examine the change in categorical variables over time within groups. Spearman’s correlation coefficient was used for the correlation analyses.

SPSS version 14, as precisely used in this treatment of data with  regard to the title “Effectiveness of Structured Macro-skills’ Development Lessons in English,” determined the level of language proficiency, the mean pretest and posttest scores, significant difference in the mean pretest and posttest scores, mean gain posttest scores, including standard deviation, standard error mean and correlations of the macro-skills such as listening, speaking, reading and writing.

For the students’ research, the data gathered in this study were analyzed also using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 14, a computer program used for statistical analysis. Thus, the treatment of data on the succeeding tables 5-9 was done due to SPSS version 14, a software system for data management and analysis.

SPSS can deal automatically with complex files, the characteristics of the subjects, especially the aforementioned first year students of Guindaruhan National High School as respondents of this study, are described as mean and SD or proportions (%), if nothing else is indicated. Student’s t-test was used for comparison of continuous variables. Nonparametric McNemar’s test or Kendall’s W test was used to examine the change in categorical variables over time within groups. Spearman’s correlation coefficient was used for the correlation analyses.

SPSS version 14, as precisely used in this treatment of data with  regard to the title “Effectiveness of Structured Macro-skills’ Development Lessons in English,” determined the level of language proficiency, the mean pretest and posttest scores, significant difference in the mean pretest and posttest scores, mean gain posttest scores, including standard deviation, standard error mean and correlations of the macro-skills such as listening, speaking, reading and writing.

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