Time management is a component of Project Management regarding the use of tables such as schedules Gantt charts to plan and measure progress within the project environment .
Initially, the project scope is defined and appropriate methods for its implementation are determined. After this step, the durations for the various tasks necessary to complete the work are listed and grouped in a work breakdown structure. Logical dependencies between tasks are defined using an activity diagram that identifies the critical path. The time floating in the calendar can be calculated using a software project management.
It is only then that the necessary resources to implement the project can be estimated and the costs of each activity, which gives the total project cost. At this stage, planning can be optimized in order to achieve the appropriate balance between resource utilization and project duration to comply with the objectives set.
Once established and agreed, the planning becomes what is called the “baseline”. Progress will be measured at baseline levels throughout the project. The analysis of progress against the baseline is also known as “Earned Value Management
Management software time appeared in the 80s (with Timesheet ® in the U.S. or Time ® 2000 in France). These programs cover many types of features, including time management, planning, cost control and budget management, resource allocation, collaboration software, communication, quality management and documentation or administration systems, which are used to cope with the complexity of large projects.
Time management systems often include a time clock or web based application used to track an employee’s work hours. Time management systems give employers insights into their workforce, allowing them to see, plan and manage employees time. Doing so allows employers to control labor costs and increase productivity. A time management system automates processes, which eliminates paper work and tedious tasks.
The management software is time hosted Web applications, accessible via an intranet or extranet using a web browser.
This solution has the advantages and disadvantages of typical web applications:
* Can be accessed from any type of computer without installing software locally;
* Easy access control;
* A single software version and installation to maintain;
* Data centralization;
* Generally slower to respond than desktop applications.
In addition, access is inaccessible without an Internet connection (though some solutions allow the user to make a copy of local data)