Pregnancy should be the happiest time for a woman, but there are some women who actually think of pregnancy as a time of confusion, misery, sadness, stress and depression. Approximately 10-20% of women trying to fight the symptoms of depression and a quarter to half the weight of depression. In a study of 360 pregnant women, then 10% of them are depressed during pregnancy and only 6.8% who experienced depression after pregnancy.
Depression is a mood disorder that appears in 1 in 4 women who are pregnant and this is not something special. This disease has always struck those who are pregnant, but often they have never been aware of this depression because they think this is a common thing to happen to them, but if not properly handled can affect the baby.
Causes & Symptoms of Depression During Pregnancy
Depression during pregnancy is the same mood disorders like depression that occurs in ordinary people in general, where the incidence of depression will be changes in brain chemistry. In this case the hormonal changes during pregnancy will affect the chemistry of the brain itself, which will be most closely related to the incidence of depression and anxiety during pregnancy.
That part of those who have a history of depression, it can come back from life’s difficulties triggered by a hit during pregnancy and later will lead to the onset of symptoms of depression during pregnancy.
Women who are depressed will experience the following symptoms for at least 2 weeks:
• A feeling of sadness
• Difficulty in concentrating
• Sleeping too much or too little
• Loss of interest in an activity that is usually favored
• Desperate, sometimes there are some who feel anxious
• Arising feelings of guilt and worthlessness
• A change in eating habits
• Even sometimes from their own suicidal feelings.
But the incidence of depression is not merely events that appear out of nowhere. In some cases, depression during pregnancy is triggered by trigger factors such as the existence of problems with their husband or pregnant women do have a history of depression in his family. Some libraries have much to say a history of failure in pregnancy can also lead to the onset of depression during pregnancy. In addition to severe life events, presence of complications during pregnancy also may be one trigger of depression during pregnancy.
Impact of Depression During Pregnancy
Untreated depression will have a negative effect for mothers and their fetuses. There are two important things that may affect the baby, that is:
• The first is the emergence of disorder in the fetus is still in the womb
• The emergence of mental health disorders in the child’s future
Depression, if not recognized and dealt with the best will transfer to the maternal behavior of the negative things such as drinking, smoking, and it is not uncommon to try to commit suicide. This is what will lead to premature births, babies born with low weight and fetal development. Depressed mothers will not have the desire to think about the development of abortion and even his own health.
As an example of a case study conducted on 300 pregnant women who are victims of 11 September (WTC), where all of those who made the study sample was close to the scene of the tragedy. From the results of searches conducted on their children’s birth, the birth of their child’s earned far less in terms of weight than those who are far away from the scene of the tragedy. In addition the incidence of preterm birth are also more common in those who were near the scene of the tragedy rather than those who are far from the scene of the tragedy. This proves that impact on maternal depression will greatly affect the future development of their fetus.
In addition to a study conducted in mothers who are depressed during pregnancy can cause behavioral and emotional disorders child at the age of 4 years later. This proves that in the last few weeks of pregnancy very important role in brain development and maturity of the baby, so if the mother’s depression will increase the incidence of premature and ultimately will affect the baby’s brain development.
On the other studies on mothers in the UK who experience depression during pregnancy, then their children were followed until the age of 16 years, found that children – children are vulnerable to experiencing depression than those whose mothers did not experience depression during pregnancy.