Common Types of Acne – Acne Vulgaris
There are actually quite a few different types of acne, and although some of these conditions are not generally associated with it they are covered under varying medical terminology.
This article has been put together to make the reader aware of the many different associated conditions that exist.
As its Latin name suggests this is the most widespread variation of acne and this group encompasses the following variations.
Everyone will know, especially teenagers, what a blackhead is and its cousin the whitehead is, these two are exceptionally common and are no real cause for concern in themselves they can become infected with bacteria and cause spots, getting rid of blackheads as soon as they are noticed is generally a good idea, dealing with these and treating all other variants will be covered elsewhere on these pages.
Acne vulgaris also includes spots known as papules, these generally appear as small raised red spots on the skin, they are usually accompanied by inflammation which can make them quite sore, there is no visible ‘head’ to papule unlike a pustule, which as their name suggests contain pus, which is usually foul smelling, squeezing any type of spots to expel the pus is not recommended because it can permanently damage the skin surface and leave scarring, but if it becomes absolutely necessary certain procedures should be followed to reduce the risk of infection, these are covered elsewhere on this site.
If you have been reading much about this subject acne you may have come across the term nodular acne, with this condition the nodules, which are formed lumps, appear under the skin, they are usually much bigger than spots, may be quite hard and the can cause a considerable amount of pain to the sufferer, nodular acne should be left well alone and at no time should you be tempted to apply pressure to them, this can cause a lot of damage to the skin, nodular acne is best treated by your local dermatology clinic, even then it may result in tissue scars.
You may also encounter cystic acne, these cysts contain pus and are generally quite large, they look similar to nodules, and once again they may cause pain, do not try and squeeze these cysts as it may cause a deep seated infection under the skin, they can be treated by a dermatologist.
Severest Types of Acne – Acne Conglobata
One of the worst types of acne is classed medically as Acne Conglobata, this can be the form that most people associate with the condition, the characteristics of this form are extensive lesions to the skin and can appear almost anywhere on the body but most commonly the face or back or chest areas, this condition usually appears in a persons late teens and anywhere in between up to the age of around 30, it is a persistent condition and it may remain active for a long time, in it’s worst form it can cause extensive skin damage and deep scarring.
The medical profession has not as yet been able to determine the exact cause of acne conglobata although there are some acne treatments available that can be of considerable help in some cases, this generally involves the drug Isotretinoin or it’s variants, the most widely used is probably Accutane.
Treatment may have to be administered for an extended period of time for it to have any effect on this condition, and there may be some unpleasant side effects encountered in the use of this medication.
Acne Conglobata can suddenly worsen and develop into another related variant called Acne Fulminans.
This usually only affects males during early manhood, and is particularly nasty, the sufferer generally develops nodules and cysts and ulceration can also occur, what sets the symptoms of this condition apart is that the sufferer may experience other seemingly unrelated symptoms such as a high temperature and joint pain.
Acne fulminans is not easily treated as generally prescribed medications have little, if any effect, a dermatologist will usually recommend a course of Isotretinoin medication and often some form of steroidal drug that is taken by mouth.
When this condition eventually clears there may be major scarring and disfigurement to the body tissues, fortunately Acne fulminans is not a common condition which is just as well as the physical effects can cause a great deal of stress and anxiety to the sufferer, it can also lead to depression.
Pyoderma Faciale (Rosacea Fulminans
This condition is quite unique in that it is only women develop it, usually from their early twenties up until the age of around forty, it is confined only to the face and usually manifests as nodules and pustules and other lesions, an outbreak can occur rather quickly, even if the person has not had an acne condition before, and it may take around twelve months for the condition to clear, it will definitely require the care of a dermatologist and one or several of the proprietery compounds available will be prescribed.
Unfortunately for the sufferer this type of acne can also cause scarring to the facial tissue.
The condition acne rosacea may appear similar to other types of acne and for this reason the two variants are often mis-diagnosed at first glance,
Rosacea is a condition that generally affects both men and women over the age of thirty, and it is very common and widespread, it usually occurs on areas of the face and sometimes the neck, it usually manifests itself as a bright red rash, and it is often associated with minor spots, bumps and pimples, the area can also become itchy and irritated.
It is important to get the correct diagnosis if you suspect you may have rosacea, as the treatments that are are available are quite different to those used for treating acne and you may need referral to a skin expert.
There are other implications if rosacea is left untreated so it is advised that you visit your doctor if you think you may have developed it.
Is a bacteriological infection, it is very uncommon and thought to brought about after the administering of various antibiotics used in treating an acne vulgaris condition, it usually manifests itself as pustules, but the form may also be cystic, it can usually be successfully treated with a course of isotretinoin.
Types of Acne – Conclusions
The above represents a brief summary of the majority of acne-related conditions, it is by no means exhaustive and there are many other conditions that are not related, this is why it is always recommended that advice is sought from medical professionals as they are suitably equipped with the knowledge required for diagnoses, as nearly all cases concerning medicine will require an expert opinion.
In many of the more serious cases home remedies for acne are unlikely to be that effective for the majority so it would be wrong to put too much faith in a natural acne remedy, but it has happened on occasion for some people so it would be wrong to completely dismiss the possibility without at first trying one or two for yourself.
For more useful information and helpful advice about the treatment of acne including home remedies and many other skincare tips, check the link in the author bio box