Pollen Allergy

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Pollen allergy
Last updated: Wednesday, August 17, 2011

BACKGROUND

Researchers appraisal that pollen from beginning plants and grasses causes melancholia allergies in 35 actor Americans.

Flowering plants accept both macho and changeable anatomies. Pollen is a accumulating of pollen grains, which are the tiny, egg-shaped macho beef of beginning plants. Just a compression of pollen contains bags of pollen grains. Pollen grains are diminutive (about 15-100 microns).

Depending on the specific plant, the pollen is either appear into the air or agitated by insects to the changeable allotment of addition plant. Plants, such as grasses and low-growing weeds (like ragweed), accept aerial pollen, while plants with ablaze flowers (like roses) accept adhering pollens that are agitated from bulb to bulb by insects (like bees).

Airborne pollens are amenable for causing abhorrence symptoms, such as aqueous nose, acquisitive eyes, nasal congestion, and sneezing. Pollen is amenable for a lot of cases of hay fever, which is aswell alleged allergic rhinitis. This allergic action is characterized by a accumulating of allergic symptoms, predominantly in the adenoids and eyes, which action afterwards aerial pollen is inhaled. According to the American Lung Association, an estimated 26.1 actor Americans ache from hay agitation affection anniversary year. These allergies are melancholia because they action if the allergy-causing plants are in bloom.

Since anniversary blazon of bulb has altered pollen, some pollen is added acceptable to could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause allergies than others. The capital concrete appearance that analyze one blazon of pollen from addition awning shape, size, and beautification of the alien wall.

Allergy affection are a lot of accepted during the bounce and summer months. One of the a lot of accepted allergy-causing plants in the United States is ragweed.

Wind-pollinated plants like ragweed aftermath ample quantities of pollen to ensure that some of it alcove the appropriate target.

Pollen counts admeasurement the bulk of aerial pollen that is present in the air. Pollen counts are appear as bulk of pollen grains per cubic beat of air. If pollen counts are high, allergic individuals can yield added precautions to abstain acknowledgment by attached the bulk of time spent outdoors, befitting the windows closed, and/or consistently abrasion the easily to abolish pollen.

Pollen allergies may aswell be advised with medications, such as antihistamines, nasal corticosteroid sprays, and leukotriene receptor antagonists. Decongestants may aswell advice amusement nasal bottleneck (stuffy nose) that is about associated with pollen allergies.

CAUSES

In the aboriginal spring, the pollens from trees, such as the western red cedar, elm, oak, birch, ash, hickory, poplar, sycamore, maple, cypress, and walnut, about activate abhorrence symptoms. In the backward bounce and aboriginal summer, pollinating grasses, including timothy, Bermuda, orchard, candied vernal, red top, and some dejected grasses, frequently could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause melancholia pollen allergies.

Ragweed causes a lot of allergies in the backward summer and abatement months. Added weeds, including sagebrush, pigweed, tumbleweed, Russian thistle, and cockleweed, can activate allergic symptoms.

Since trees, grasses, and weeds about abound at the aforementioned time anniversary year, pollen seasons are actual agnate anniversary year in the aforementioned location. However, the bulk of pollen in the air varies anniversary year, based on the antecedent year’s weather, the accepted weather, and added ecology factors.

POLLEN COUNTS

Pollen counts admeasurement the bulk of aerial pollens that are present in the air. Several methods can be acclimated to accomplish pollen counts. Pollen counts are appear as pollen grains per cubic beat of air. Certified aeroallergen counters at abounding universities, medical centers, and clinics accommodate these counts on a advance basis.

For instance, the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) has a arrangement of pollen counters above the United States. Certified pollen counters use specialized air-sampling accessories to abduction aerial pollens.

SYMPTOMS

Pollen allergies are melancholia because they action if the allergy-causing plants are in bloom. Acclimate can aswell access symptoms. Abhorrence affection are usually basal during backing or windless acclimate because pollen is clumsy to become aerial during these conditions. The accomplished pollen counts about action in hot, dry, and airy weather.

Common affection of pollen abhorrence awning cough, headache, acquisitive nose, acquisitive mouth, acquisitive throat, acquisitive skin, nosebleeds, broken smell, adulterated eyes, abscessed throat, wheezing, fever, cross-reactivity abhorrence to some fruits, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), nasal bottleneck (stuffy nose), postnasal dribble (mucus that drips from the sinuses, down the throat), aqueous nose, rhinoconjunctivitis (swelling of the adenoids and eyes acquired by allergens), and abscess of the nasal tissues that can advance to headaches.

DIAGNOSIS

Skin test: The accepted analytic analysis for pollen allergies is a derma test. During the test, the derma is apparent to altered allergy-causing substances. The derma is again empiric for an allergic reaction. If an allergen triggers an allergic acknowledgment to a test, the accommodating will advance reddening, swelling, or a raised, acquisitive red abscess (bump) that looks agnate to a mosquito bite. The healthcare provider will admeasurement the admeasurement of the abscess and almanac the results. The above the wheal, the added astringent the allergy. A derma analysis is about conducted in a healthcare provider’s office. Derma tests could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause minimal, if any, discomfort. The all-overs acclimated almost access the skin’s apparent and will not could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause bleeding.

Allergen-specific immunoglobulin (IgE) test: An allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) test, frequently referred to as a radioallergosorbent analysis (RAST©), may aswell be acclimated to actuate pollen allergies. However, this analysis is beneath authentic than a derma test. It is usually performed in patients who accept severe, co-existing derma diseases (such as eczema or psoriasis) that awning ample areas of the body. This is because the derma analysis is performed on the accoutrements and back, and there may not be abundant artless derma to accomplish a absolute test.

The allergen-specific IgE analysis is conducted in a class setting. During the action a sample of claret is taken from the patient. The claret is again beatific to a class that performs specific IgE claret tests. The doubtable pollen allergen is apprenticed to an allergosorbent (paper disk). Then, the patient’s claret is added. If the claret contains immunoglobulin antibodies (proteins that ascertain and bind to adopted substances that access the body) to the pollen antigens, the claret will bind to the allergen on the disc. A radiolabelled ANTI-IgE antibacterial is again added to the disc to admeasurement the akin of immunoglobulin E present in the blood. The college the radioactivity, the college the akin of IgE in the claret and the added astringent the abhorrence is.

A able healthcare provider will adapt the after-effects of the test. In general, the acuteness of these tests ambit from 50-90%, with the boilerplate getting about 70-75%. The accommodating will accept analysis after-effects in about seven to 14 days.

TREATMENT

General: Abhorrence analysis depends on the severity of symptoms. Frequently acclimated abhorrence medications awning antihistamines, cromolyn sodium, decongestants, leukotriene inhibitors, and nasal sprays. Allergen immunotherapy (allergy shots) may aswell advice abate pollen abhorrence symptoms. Patients should acquaint their healthcare providers if they are demography any drugs (prescription or over-the-counter), herbs, or supplements because they may collaborate with treatment.

Allergen immunotherapy (allergy shots): Allergen immunotherapy, aswell accepted as abhorrence shots, is about acclimated to amusement patients who ache from astringent allergies, or for those who acquaintance abhorrence affection for added than three months a year. Allergen immunotherapy involves injecting accretion amounts of a adulterated allergen into a accommodating over several months.

There are two phases of immunotherapy:

the accession appearance and the aliment phase. During the accession phase, abhorrence shots are injected into the top arm already or alert a anniversary for several months (typically three to six months). The dosage is gradually added until the aliment dosage is reached. The aliment appearance begins already the able ameliorative dosage is reached. This dosage is altered for anniversary accommodating because it depends on the patient’s akin of allergen acuteness and their acknowledgment to immunotherapy during the accession phase. Already the aliment dosage is reached, the accommodating will abide analysis every two to four weeks for two to 5 years or more.

Antihistamines: Short-acting antihistamines like diphenhydramine (Benadryl©) accept been acclimated to abate balmy to abstinent abhorrence symptoms. A lot of short-acting antihistamines are accessible over-the-counter. Use cautiously, abnormally in accouchement because these medications about could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause blackout and they accept apparent to briefly blemish acknowledgment (slow learning) in children, even if they do not could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause drowsiness. However, loratadine (Claritin©), addition over-the-counter medication, does not usually could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause blackout or affect acquirements in children.

Longer-acting antihistamines like fexofenadine (Allegra©) are accessible by decree for balmy to abstinent abhorrence symptoms. They about could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause beneath blackout than short-acting antihistamines, and they are appropriately effective. Although these medications usually do not baffle with learning, use carefully in children. Ancillary furnishings may awning drowsiness, dry mouth, headache, abscessed throat, abdomen pain, vomiting, or diarrhea.

Cromolyn sodium: Cromolyn sodium is accessible over-the-counter as a nasal aerosol (Nasalcrom©) for alleviative hay fever. Eye bead versions of cromolyn sodium are accessible for itchy, bittersweet eyes. Ancillary furnishings may awning abscessed throat, bad aftertaste in the mouth, cough, airless nose, afire or agog in the nose, sneezing, headache, or abdomen pain. They do not could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause backlash nasal congestion.

Decongestants: Decongestants may advice abate symptoms, such as nasal bottleneck (stuffy nose). These drugs compress the tissues and claret argosy in the eyes and adenoids that cool in acknowledgment to acquaintance with an allergen like pollen. Nasal decongestant sprays like oxymetazoline (Afrin©) should not be acclimated added than alert circadian for three afterwards canicule because backlash nasal bottleneck (significant acknowledgment of airless nose) may result. Articulate decongestants such as pseudoephedrine (Sudafed©) are not acceptable to could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause backlash nasal congestion. Accepted ancillary furnishings of articulate decongestants awning added heartbeat, top claret pressure, anxiety, or indisposition (difficulty sleeping).

Leukotriene receptor antagonists: Leukotriene receptor antagonists block the action of leukotrienes, which are chemicals in the physique that are complex in the allergic response. New leukotriene receptor antagonists, such as montelukast (Singulair©) and zafirlukast (Accolate©), can finer amusement hay agitation afterwards some of the accepted ancillary furnishings like drowsiness. These long-acting medications are taken already daily.

Nasal corticosteroid sprays: Nasal corticosteroid sprays can finer abate nasal abhorrence affection (like acquisitive adenoids and sneezing) in patients who are not responding to antihistamines. Frequently assigned corticosteroid sprays awning fluticasone (Flonase©), mometasone (Nasonex©) and triamcinolone (Nasacort AQ©). Ancillary furnishings may awning nosebleeds, afire in the nose, aqueous nose, blood-soaked fungus in the nose, cough, agitated stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, or dizziness. Nasal sprays may aswell abrade the throat.

INTEGRATIVE THERAPIES

Good accurate evidence

:

Bromelain

: Bromelain has been advised in assorted analytic studies for sinusitis with alloyed results. Added analysis is necessary. Abstain if allergic to bromelain, pineapple, honeybee, venom, latex, besom pollen, carrots, celery, fennel, cypress pollen, grass pollen, papain, rye flour, aureate flour, or associates of the Bromeliaceae

family. Use carefully with history of bleeding disorder, abdomen ulcers, affection disease, alarmist or branch disease. Use attention afore dental or surgical procedures or while alive or operating machinery. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Butterbur

: Acceptable accurate affirmation suggests that butterbur may be able for allergic rhinitis blockage in affected individuals. Comparisons of butterbur to decree drugs, such as fexofenadine (Allegra©) and cetirizine (Zyrtec©), accept appear agnate efficacy. Additional studies are acceptable afore a close cessation can be made.

Avoid if allergic or astute to Petasites hybridus or added plants from the Asteraceae/Compositae ancestors (such as ragweed, marigolds, daisies, and chrysanthemums). Raw, chapped butterbur bulb should not be eaten due to the accident of alarmist or branch accident or cancer. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Nasal irrigation

: There is acceptable affirmation from analytic studies to acclaim the use of nasal irrigation in the analysis of allergic rhinitis. One abstraction approved that reflexology beating may be appropriately effective; however, the advantage of irrigation (i.e. inexpensive, performed at home, basal adverse ancillary effects) makes the address beneficial. Methodological and statistical advertisement are defective in some of these trials. A well-conducted, randomized controlled trial, absolutely advertisement abstracts would accomplish the case for allergic rhinitis stronger.

Early analysis suggests that nasal irrigation may advice amusement abiding sinusitis, with improvements in sinus-related superior of life, decreases in symptoms, and decreases in medication use. Added abstraction is bare afore a cessation can be made.

Nasal irrigation is about able-bodied tolerated. Use carefully with history of common nosebleeds. If the irrigation aqueous is hot, the adenoids may become irritated.

Probiotics

: Use of probiotic Enterococcus faecalis bacilli in hypertrophic sinusitis (sinus inflammation) may abate abundance of relapses and the charge for antibacterial therapy. Added analysis is all-important afore a close cessation can be made. Probiotics are about advised safe and able-bodied tolerated. Abstain if allergic or astute to probiotics. Use carefully if lactose intolerant.

Unclear or adverse accurate evidence

:

Acupuncture

: There is currently bereft accessible affirmation on which to abject recommendations for acupuncture in non-allergic rhinitis. However, studies advance that it may action accessible benefits. Additionally, added studies are bare of stronger architecture to actuate whether or not acupuncture offers account in sinusitis.

Acupuncture should be abhorred in patients with affection disease, pulmonary disease, infections, bleeding disorders, medical altitude of alien origin, or acoustic disorders. Abundant women, the elderly, diabetics, humans with a history of seizures, and those accepting radiation analysis and/or demography drugs accretion bleeding risks should aswell abstain acupuncture.

Aromatherapy

: Despite boundless use in over-the-counter agents and vapors, there is not abundant accurate affirmation to acclaim use of eucalyptus oil as a decongestant-expectorant (by aperture or inhaled form). Capital oils should be administered in a carrier oil to abstain toxicity. Abstain with a history of allergic dermatitis. Use carefully if driving/operating abundant machinery. Abstain arresting capital oils. Abstain absolute acquaintance of undiluted oils with close membranes. Use carefully if pregnant.

Black seed

: Studies in patients with allergies begin that atramentous berry decreased abstract measures of severity of allergies. The aftereffect of atramentous berry for allergies is still not bright and added abstraction is appropriate afore a cessation can be made. Abstain with a accepted allergy/hypersensitivity to atramentous seed, its constituents, atramentous berry oil, or to associates of the Ranunculaceae family. Allergic acquaintance dermatitis has been appear afterwards contemporary use of atramentous berry or the oil from the seed.

Cat’s claw

: It has been appropriate that cat’s barb may advice amusement allergies and accompanying respiratory diseases. However, there is currently bound accurate affirmation to abutment this claim. Added well-designed trials are bare to actuate whether cat’s barb is a benign treatment.

Avoid if allergic to cat’s barb or Uncaria plants or plants in the Rubiaceae family, such as gardenia, coffee, or quinine. Abstain with history of altitude affecting the allowed arrangement (such as AIDS, HIV, some types of cancer, assorted sclerosis, tuberculosis, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus). Use carefully with bleeding disorders or with history of stroke, or if demography drugs that may access the accident of bleeding. Stop use two weeks afore surgery/dental/diagnostic procedures with bleeding risk, and do not use anon afterwards these procedures. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding. Cat’s barb may be attenuated with added Uncaria species. Letters abide of the potentially baneful Texan-grown bulb Acacia gregii getting commissioned for cat’s claw.

Choline

: Articulate tricholine citrate (TRI) finer adequate allergic rhinitis affection in bound accessible study. Added analysis is bare afore a close cessation can be made. Choline is about admired as safe and appears to be able-bodied tolerated. Abstain if allergic to choline, lecithin, or phosphatidylcholine.

Ephedra

: Basic abstraction suggests that ephedrine nasal aerosol may advice amusement allergic rhinitis. Additional analysis is bare afore a advocacy can be made.

Ephedra taken by aperture can could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause austere ancillary effects, including affection attack, seizure, and stroke. Therefore, ephedrine nasal sprays should abandoned be acclimated in the nose. The U.S. Food and Drug Administering (FDA) has calm bags of letters of austere toxicity affiliated to ephedra (including over 100 deaths). Ephedra articles are banned from comestible supplements because of austere bloom risks, including affection attack, affection damage, breath difficulties, and aqueous assimilation in the lungs. Abstain with history of top claret pressure, aberrant affection rate, affection attack, stroke, seizure, bistro disorders, anxiety, prostate disease, brainy illness, branch disease, abdomen ulcers, affection disease, eye disease, depression, diabetes, thyroid disease, or beddy-bye problems. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Eucalyptus oil

: There is currently bereft accessible affirmation to acclaim either for or adjoin eucalyptus oil as a decongestant-expectorant. Abstain if allergic to eucalyptus oil or with a history of seizure, diabetes, asthma, affection disease, aberrant affection rhythms, abdominal disorders, alarmist disease, branch disease, lung disease, or the claret action accepted as astute alternate porphyria. Use attention if alive or operating machinery. A ache of bacilli begin on eucalyptus may could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause infection. Toxicity has been appear with articulate and inhaled use.

Honey

: Currently, there is bereft animal affirmation to acclaim honey for the analysis of rhinoconjunctivitis. Abstain if allergic or astute to honey, pollen, celery or bees. Honey is about advised safe in recommended doses. Abstain honey from the brand Rhododendron because it may could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause a baneful reaction. Abstain in breed adolescent than 12 months of age. Use carefully with antibiotics. Potentially adverse contaminants (like C. botulinum or grayanotoxins) can be begin in some types of honey and should be acclimated carefully in abundant or breastfeeding women.

Horseradish

: Several studies advance that some horseradish capacity may action antibacterial action and may advice amusement sinusitis. Additional high-quality analytic studies are bare afore a cessation can be made. Abstain if allergic or astute to horseradish (Armoracia rusticana), its constituents, or associates of the Brassicaceae family. Ample articulate doses may abet allergic reactions. Use carefully with array disorders, hypotension (low claret pressure), thyroid disorders, branch disorders and inflammation, gastrointestinal conditions, and ulcers. Use carefully if demography anticoagulants or antiplatelets (blood abrasion agents), antihypertensives (blood pressure-lowering agents), anti-inflammatory agents, or thyroid hormones. Use carefully if ability analysis for cancer. Abstain alleviative amounts of horseradish if abundant or breastfeeding; based on herbal textbooks and allegorical precedent, horseradish has been acclimated to abet abortion.

Hypnotherapy, hypnosis

: It has been appropriate that hypnotherapy may be able for allergies and may advice amusement hay fever. However, added analysis is necessary. Use carefully with brainy illnesses such as psychosis/schizophrenia, berserk depression, assorted personality disorder, or dissociative disorders. Use carefully with access disorders

Kiwi

: Absolute abstracts on kiwi’s ameliorative allowances for preventing lung altitude and added respiratory problems is currently lacking. Kiwi and added fruits top in vitamin C may account lung altitude in children, abnormally wheezing. Added analysis is acceptable afore a advocacy can be made. Abstain if allergic or astute to kiwi, latex, besom pollen, banana, chestnut, fig, flour, melon, poppy seeds, rye grain, sesame seeds, and accompanying substances. Kiwi is about advised safe if taken in amounts by itself begin in foods. Use carefully with anti-platelet drugs like aspirin, cilostazol, or clopidogrel. Use carefully with hormone therapies or serotonergic drugs. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding because analytic trials testing assurance in added doses are currently lacking. The bulk begin in foods appears to be safe in a lot of people.

Lactobacillus acidophilus

: Bound accessible abstraction suggests that the Lactobacillus acidophilus (L. acidophilus) ache L-92 (L-92) may be able for the analysis of Japanese cedar-pollen allergy. Added analysis is bare to affirm these results. L. acidophilus may be difficult to abide if allergic to dairy articles absolute L. acidophilus. Abstain with history of an abrasion or affliction of the abdominal wall, immune-disease, or affection valve surgery. Abstain with decree drugs, such as corticosteroids, because of the accident of infection. Use carefully with affection murmurs. Antibiotics or booze may abort L. acidophilus. Therefore, it is recommended that L. acidophilus be taken three hours afterwards demography antibiotics or bubbler alcohol. Some individuals may use antacids, such as famotidine (Pepcid©) and esomeprazole (Nexium©), to abatement the bulk of acerbic in the abdomen one hour afore demography L. acidophilus.

MSM

: According to basic analytic study, MSM reduces affection associated with melancholia allergic rhinitis (SAR). However, above controlled trials are bare to affirm these findings. Abstain if allergic or astute to MSM. Long-term furnishings of supplementation with MSM accept not been examined. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Onion

: Analysis shows that contemporary appliance of an alcoholic onion abstract decidedly bargain responses to allergies. Although intriguing, added analysis is bare in this breadth to authorize the ability and dosing of contemporary onion extracts. Abstain if allergic or astute to onion (Allium cepa), its constituents, or associates of the Lilaceae family. Use carefully with hematologic (blood) disorders, diabetes, hypoglycemia (low claret sugar), and hypotension (low claret pressure). Use carefully if demography anticoagulants or antiplatelets (blood thinners). Abstain alleviative doses if abundant or breastfeeding.

Perilla

: Basic affirmation suggests some account of perilla abstract for melancholia allergies. Added analytic trials are appropriate afore abstracts can be made. Abstain if allergic/hypersensitive to perilla or associates of the Lamiaciae/Labiatae family. Use carefully with cancer, low HDL-cholesterol, and allowed disorders. Use carefully if demography NSAIDS or barbiturates. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Probiotics

: Abandoned a few types and combinations of probiotics accept been advised for allergies. They accept been advised mostly in children, teenagers, and adolescent adults. Added analysis is all-important afore a close cessation can be made. Probiotics are about advised safe and able-bodied tolerated. Abstain if allergic or astute to probiotics. Use carefully if lactose intolerant.

Reflexology

: Reflexology involves the appliance of chiral burden to specific credibility or areas of the anxiety alleged “reflex points” that are believed to accord to added locations of the body. After-effects from aboriginal studies are not absolute apropos the use of reflexology for abiding sinusitis.

Avoid with contempo or healing bottom fractures, unhealed wounds, or alive gout flares affecting the foot. Use carefully and seek above-mentioned medical appointment with osteoarthritis affecting the bottom or abate or with astringent vascular ache of the legs or feet. Use carefully with diabetes, affection disease, ambiguous claret pressure, cancer, alive infections, accomplished episodes of amazement (syncope), brainy illness, gallstones, branch stones, or with a pacemaker. Use carefully if abundant or breastfeeding. Reflexology should not adjournment analysis or analysis with added accurate techniques or therapies.

Shea butter

: Shea adulate is acquired from the nut of the shea timberline (Vitellaria paradoxa), which grows in West Africa. In animal research, shea adulate was apparent to aftermath abatement from nasal congestion. Added analysis is bare afore a cessation can be made

Avoid with accepted allergy/hypersensitivity to shea adulate or its constituents. Use carefully with allergies to latex. Use carefully if demography anticoagulants. There is currently bereft accessible assurance affirmation for use of shea adulate during abundance or breastfeeding.

Sorrel

: Analysis suggests that an herbal aggregate alertness absolute sorrel, Sinupret©, may accept benign furnishings in convalescent affection of sinusitis if acclimated with antibiotics. It is not bright if these aforementioned furnishings would be apparent with amber abandoned or what dosage may be safe and effective. For allergic rhinitis, there is not abundant affirmation to accomplish a cessation at this time. Added analysis of amber abandoned is needed.

Avoid amber with a accepted abhorrence to amber or any of its constituents. Abstain ample doses of amber because there accept been letters of toxicity and death. Abounding tinctures accommodate top levels of booze and should be abhorred if alive or operating abundant machinery. Amber formulations may could could could could could could could could could could could could could could cause abhorrence or airsickness if taken with the decree drugs metronidazole (Flagyl©) or disulfiram (Antabuse©). Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Spirulina

: Anti-inflammatory backdrop of spirulina may advice advance affection of allergic rhinitis. However, added high-quality studies are bare to affirm these findings. Abstain if allergic or astute to spirulina or blue-green algae. Use carefully with phenylketonuria (a abiogenetic ataxia of a alarmist agitator that disrupts accustomed physique functions), autoimmune diseases, bleeding disorders, diabetes, and osteoporosis. Use carefully with articles absolute the blue-green algae breed Anabaena spp., Aphanizomenon spp., and Microcystis spp.; in angular patients or in those demography antiobesity agents or appetence suppressants; of if arresting a high-protein diet. Abstain in accouchement or if abundant or breastfeeding.

Stinging nettle

: For abounding years, a freeze-dried alertness of Urtica dioica has been assigned by physicians and awash over-the-counter for the analysis of allergic rhinitis. Analytic trials demonstrating statistical acceptation over placebo and/or adequation with added accessible treatments are bare to abutment the use of annoy in the analysis of allergic rhinitis.

Avoid if allergic or astute to nettle, the Urticaceae ancestors or any additive of annoy products. Use carefully with diabetes, bleeding disorders, and/or low sodium levels in the blood. Use carefully with diuretics and anti-inflammatory drugs. The aged should aswell use annoy cautiously. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Thymus extract

: Thymus abstract may abate affection of allergies due to its abeyant allowed aesthetic effects. Added analytic trials are appropriate afore recommendations can be fabricated involving thymus abstract for this use. Abstain if allergic or astute to thymus extracts. Use bovine thymus abstract supplements carefully due to abeyant for acknowledgment to the virus that causes “mad cow disease.” Abstain use with an agency displace or added forms of allografts or xenografts. Abstain if accepting immunosuppressive therapy, with thymic tumors, myasthenia gravis (neuromuscular disorder), basic hypothyroidism, or if demography hormonal therapy. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding; thymic abstract increases animal agent activity and progression.

Vitamin E

: Although anticipation to aid in abbreviation the nasal affection of allergic rhinitis, vitamin E assimilation may not be effective. Accepted affirmation is limited, however, and added studies are bare afore a close cessation can be drawn.

Avoid if allergic or astute to vitamin E. For abbreviate periods of time, vitamin E supplementation is about advised safe at doses up to 1,000 milligrams per day. Abstain doses college than 1,000 milligrams a day. Abstain with retinitis pigmentosa (loss of borderline vision). Use carefully with bleeding disorders. The recommended dosage of vitamin E for abundant women of any age is 15 milligrams; for breastfeeding women of any age, the recommended dosage is 19 milligrams. Use above this akin in abundant women is not recommended.

Fair abrogating accurate evidence

:

Grape seed

: Grape berry has been acclimated to amusement allowed arrangement disorders due to its antioxidant effects. However, a well-designed animal abstraction of allergic rhinitis sufferers showed no advance in abhorrence affection with administering of grape berry abstract ingredients. Abstain if allergic or astute to grapes or added grape compounds. Use carefully if demography claret thinners such as warfarin, aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), or anti-platelet agents. Use carefully with bleeding disorders or if demography drugs that may access the accident of bleeding. Use carefully with drugs candy application the liver’s “cytochrome P450” agitator system. Use carefully with claret burden disorders or if demography ACE inhibitors. Abstain with disorders that access the accident of bleeding or with alive bleeding disorders (stomach ulcers, bleeding into the brain, etc.). Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

PREVENTION

Avoid traveling alfresco in the morning and black because this is if alfresco pollen levels are the highest.

Keep windows closed, and, if possible, use an air conditioner in the abode and/or car.

Do not dry clothes outside.

Regularly ablution the easily and face to abolish pollen.

A humidifier may advice abolish some of the allergens out of the air.

Consider installing axial air conditioning with a high-efficiency chapped air (HEPA) clarify attachment. The HEPA clarify can allurement aerial pollen from alfresco air, preventing it from circulating in the air inside.

Use a exhaustion cleaner with a double-layered microfilter bag or a HEPA filter.

Change boiler and air conditioning filters regularly.

Sleep with the windows closed.

AUTHOR INFORMATION

This advice has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Accepted Analysis Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com).

  • American Academy of Abhorrence Asthma & Immunology. www.aaaai.org. Accessed April 17, 2009.
  • American Lung Association. www.lungusa.org. Accessed April 17, 2009.
  • Asthma and Abhorrence Foundation of America. Rhinitis and Sinusitis. www.aafa.org. Accessed April 17, 2009.
  • Can D, Tanac R, Demir E, et al. Ability of pollen immunotherapy in melancholia allergic rhinitis. Pediatr Int. 2007 Feb;49(1):64-9.

    View abstract

  • Centers for Ache Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov. Accessed April 17, 2009.
  • National Pollen and Aerobiology Analysis Unit. www.pollenuk.co.uk. Accessed April 17, 2009.
  • Natural Standard: The Authority on Integrative Medicine. www.naturalstandard.com. Copyright © 2009. Accessed April 17, 2009.
  • Ridolo E, Albertini R, Giordano D, et al. Aerial pollen concentrations and the accident of allergic asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis in arctic Italy from 1992 to 2003. Int Arch Abhorrence Immunol. 2007;142(2):151-7. Epub 2006 Oct 20.

    View abstract

Copyright © 2011 Natural Accepted (www.naturalstandard.com)

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