Semen Allergy

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Semen allergy
Last updated: Wednesday, August 17, 2011

BACKGROUND

Although rare, there accept been letters of berry allergy, aswell alleged agent allergy, in both men and women. This occurs if the body’s allowed arrangement overreacts if it encounters semen. The white claret beef afield analyze proteins in the berry as adverse invaders (such as bacilli or viruses) and barrage an advance adjoin it.

Patients who are allergic to berry are allergic to berry in general. Therefore, patients may acquaintance an allergic acknowledgment with added partners.

Females may acquaintance an allergic acknowledgment afterwards accepting oral, vaginal, or anal sex afterwards a careful barrier, such as a condom.

Males are beneath acceptable to advance berry allergies than females. It is accessible for males to acquaintance an allergic acknowledgment afterwards articulate or anal sex with addition male. Males may aswell advance an allergic acknowledgment to their own semen. This occurs afterwards the patient’s berry comes into acquaintance with his blood. This may arise during a vasectomy (surgical activity acclimated to accomplish a man sterile), testicular bewilderment (when a testicle twists central the scrotum), or afterwards an infection or trauma.

Symptoms of an allergic acknowledgment to berry vary. Some patients may acquaintance burning, itching, or bloom of the genitalia.

The allergic acknowledgment may advance to acting infertility problems. If the white claret beef advance the semen, they may anticipate the agent from extensive the female’s egg. It is estimated that beneath than two percent of abundant couples accept berry allergies, compared to 5-25% of couples who do accept abundance problems.

However, individuals who are allergic to berry are still able to accept children. A activity alleged desensitization, which exposes the accommodating to accretion amounts of berry over a aeon of time, has been appropriate as a acting cure for allergies to semen. Patients who wish to become abundant may charge to abide bogus formation procedures if desensitization is not effective.

Using a condom, which prevents the agent from entering the body, may advice allay allergic symptoms. Abhorrence medications, including antihistamines, accept been acclimated to amusement and anticipate symptoms.

CAUSES

Typically, an allergic acknowledgment is not triggered the aboriginal time the physique encounters the berry allergen (protein in the berry that causes an allergic reaction). In fact, some bodies can be again apparent to the allergen afore an abhorrence develops. The aboriginal time or several times afterwards the physique is apparent to the allergen, the allowed arrangement becomes sensitized. During this process, the body’s white claret beef advance immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies to the berry allergens.

Once sensitized, the antibodies apprenticed ascertain and bind to the berry allergens the next time they access the body. These antibodies aswell activate the absolution of chemicals, including histamine, which could could could could cause allergic affection such as hives, inflammation, and acquisitive skin, as able-bodied as anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a astringent allergic acknowledgment that affects abounding physique parts. Affection of anaphylaxis cover low claret pressure, agonizingly breathing, shock, and accident of consciousness. Affection can alter from balmy to astringent and may be activity aggressive afterwards actual treatment.

Patients who are allergic to a partner’s berry are about allergic to berry in general. Therefore, patients may acquaintance an allergic acknowledgment with added partners.

Women advance the acknowledgment if they arise into acquaintance with a male’s semen. This can activity during oral, vaginal, or anal sex.

Males may aswell advance berry allergies. It is accessible for males to acquaintance an allergic acknowledgment afterwards articulate or anal sex with addition male.

Heterosexual males may aswell advance aswell advance an allergic acknowledgment to their own semen. This about occurs afterwards their claret has arise into acquaintance with their own semen. This can arise during a vasectomy (surgical activity acclimated to accomplish a man sterile), testicular bewilderment (when a testicle twists central the scrotum), or afterwards an infection or trauma.

SYMPTOMS

General: Affection of berry abhorrence alter a allotment of acute patients. The a lot of accepted affection cover burning, itching, and abscess of the genitals or areas of the derma that arise into acquaintance with the semen.

Hives: Moderate allergic reactions may could could could could cause hives. Hives are red, acquisitive bloated welts on the derma that may arise al of a sudden and abandon quickly. They about advance in clusters, with new clusters actualization as added areas bright up.

Angioedema: Some allergic patients may advance angioedema. This activity causes abscess in the tissue just beneath the skin. Angioedema is agnate to hives, except it occurs added in the skin. The swellings, accepted as welts, usually arise about the eyes and mouth. They may aswell be present on the hands, feet, and throat.

Anaphylaxis (anaphylactic shock): In attenuate cases, a astringent abhorrence acknowledgment alleged anaphylaxis may occur. Anaphylaxis is a systemic allergic reaction, which agency that abounding locations of the physique are affected. Affection of anaphylaxis can alter from balmy to astringent and may be potentially activity threatening. The a lot of alarming affection of anaphylaxis are low claret pressure, adversity breathing, shock, and accident of consciousness, all of which can be fatal. The time blooper amid ingestion/or acquaintance with the allergen and anaphylactic affection varies a allotment of individuals. Affection may arise anon or may be delayed from 30 account to one hour afterwards exposure. Affection may aswell abandon and again recur hours later. Already affection arise, they advance quickly. Patients who advance affection of anaphylaxis should seek actual medical treatment.

COMPLICATIONS

It may be difficult for patients who are allergic to berry to accept children. This is because the white claret beef advance the agent if it enters the body, decidedly abbreviation the adventitious it will accomplish it to the female’s egg. However, patients can affected this obstacle by ability desensitization procedures and/or bogus insemination.

DIAGNOSIS

General: If berry abhorrence is suspected, patients may abide either a derma analysis or allergen-specific immunoglobulin (IgE) analysis to affirm a diagnosis.

Patients who acquaintance affection of anaphylaxis should be advised with epinephrine immediately. Because anaphylaxis is activity threatening, a analysis is not bare to activate afire medical analysis with epinephrine.

Skin (scratch) test: A derma analysis is acclimated to actuate whether a accommodating is allergic to the proteins in berry (allergens). During the test, the derma is apparent to the berry allergens and empiric for an allergic reaction. If the berry triggers an allergic reaction, the accommodating will advance reddening, abscess or a raised, acquisitive red abscess (bump) that looks agnate to a mosquito bite. The healthcare provider will admeasurement the admeasurement of the abscess and almanac the results. The beyond the wheal, the added astringent the allergy.

A derma analysis is about conducted in a healthcare provider’s office. Derma tests could could could could cause minimal, if any, discomfort. The all-overs acclimated almost access the skin’s apparent and will not could could could could cause bleeding.

Allergen-specific immunoglobulin (IgE) test: An allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) test, frequently referred to as radioallergosorbent analysis (RAST©), may aswell be acclimated to actuate whether the accommodating is allergic to semen. However, this analysis is beneath authentic than a derma test. It is usually performed in patients who accept circumstantial astringent derma diseases (like eczema or psoriasis) that accomplish it difficult to adapt a derma test.

During the procedure, a sample of claret is taken from the patient. The claret is again beatific to a class that performs specific IgE claret tests. The berry allergen is apprenticed to an cardboard disc alleged an allergosorbent. Again the patient’s claret is added. If the claret contains immunoglobulin antibodies that analyze and bind to the semen, the claret will bind to the allergen on the disc. A radio labeled ANTI-IgE antibiotic is again added to the disc to admeasurement the akin of immunoglobulin E present in the blood. The college the radioactivity, the college the akin of IgE in the claret and the added astringent the allergy.

A able healthcare provider will adapt the after-effects of the test. In general, the acuteness of these tests ambit from 50-90%, with the boilerplate getting about 70-75%. The accommodating will accept analysis after-effects in about seven to 14 days.

TREATMENT

General: A activity alleged desensitization, which exposes the macho or changeable accommodating to accretion amounts of berry over a aeon of time, has been appropriate as a acting cure for allergies to semen. Patients accept to be apparent to berry on a approved base in adjustment to advance altruism to the berry allergen. Patients who wish to become abundant may charge to abide bogus formation procedures if desensitization is not effective. Abhorrence medications, including antihistamines, accept been acclimated to amusement symptoms. Using careful barriers like condoms reduces the accident of berry advancing into acquaintance with the body, and therefore, reduces the accident of an allergic acknowledgment in females.

Antihistamines: Antihistamines may be acclimated to allay abhorrence symptoms, including red, acquisitive skin. Accepted nonprescription antihistamines cover diphenhydramine (such as Benadryl©), chlorpheniramine (such as Chlor-Trimeton©), clemastine (such as Tavist©), and loratadine (such as Alavert© or Claritin©). During a astringent allergic reaction, diphenhydramine may be injected into the patient. Frequently acclimated decree medications cover desloratadine (Clarinex©), fexofenadine (Allegra©), cetirizine (Zyrtec©), and hydroxyzine (such as Atarax© or Vistaril©).

Artificial insemination: Individuals who wish to accept accouchement and are allergic to berry may crave bogus formation to conceive. During the procedure, a sample of the male’s berry is calm and the proteins that activate allergic reactions are removed. Again a healthcare provider will use a attenuate adjustable tube to admit the berry into the woman’s uterus.

This activity is about performed if the changeable is ovulating. The patient’s claret will be activated at the doctor’s appointment to actuate if they are ovulating. These tests ascertain added levels of the luteinizing hormone, which is associated with ovulation.

Desensitization: A activity alleged desensitization has been appropriate as a accessible analysis for berry allergies. According to some researchers, acute patients may be able to abide berry if they are apparent to accretion amounts of berry over a aeon of time. There are two types of desensitization available: berry desensitization and protein sensitization.

During berry desensitization, which is performed at a healthcare provider’s office, a doctor places accretion amounts of berry from a female’s accomplice into her vagina every 20 minutes. The activity lasts several hours. In adjustment to abide advanced of the semen, the accommodating accept to be apparent to her partner’s berry at atomic alert a week.

During protein desensitization, berry proteins are injected into the macho or changeable patient’s blood. Baby doses of the protein from his/her partner’s berry are injected into the claret every 10-15 account over several hours. In adjustment to abide advanced to the semen, the accommodating accept to be apparent to his/her partner’s berry at atomic alert a week.

Epinephrine: A medication alleged epinephrine is acclimated to amusement a astringent allergic acknowledgment alleged anaphylaxis. Epinephrine is injected into the derma at a hospital. Patients with a history of anaphylaxis should backpack an auto-injectable epinephrine (EpiPen©) with them at all times. If affection of anaphylaxis arise afterwards acknowledgment to semen, the accommodating uses the accessory to inject the epinephrine into his/her thigh. Epinephrine acts as a bronchodilator because it opens the patient’s airway. It aswell constricts the claret vessels, which increases claret pressure. Patients who acquaintance anaphylaxis may aswell be accepted to the hospital to accept their claret burden monitored and possibly to accept breath support.

Leukotriene receptor antagonists: Leukotriene receptor antagonists block the activity of leukotrienes, which are aswell important mediators of the allergic response. New leukotriene receptor antagonists, like montelukast (Singulair©) and zafirlukast (Accolate©), can finer amusement abhorrence affection afterwards some of the accepted ancillary furnishings like drowsiness. These long-acting medications are taken already daily.

INTEGRATIVE THERAPIES

Note: Anaphylaxis is advised a medical emergency that requires actual medical care. Therefore, commutual therapies should not be acclimated in abode of accepted anesthetic if an alone adventures affection of an anaphylactic reaction.

Unclear or adverse accurate evidence

:

Acupuncture

: Acupuncture additional point-injection has been begin benign for the analysis of hives, although added analysis is bare to affirm these findings.

Needles accept to be antiseptic in adjustment to abstain ache transmission. Abstain with affection valve disease, infections, bleeding disorders or with drugs that access the accident of bleeding (anticoagulants), medical altitude of alien origin, and acoustic disorders. Abstain on areas that accept accustomed radiation analysis and during pregnancy. Use carefully with pulmonary ache (like asthma or emphysema). Use carefully in aged or medically compromised patients, diabetics, or with history of seizures. Abstain electroacupuncture with arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) or in patients with pacemakers.

Traditional or abstract uses, which abridgement acceptable evidence

:

Burdock

: Traditionally, burdock has been acclimated to amusement hives. However, there is currently no animal affirmation on the assurance and capability of this use.

Avoid if allergic to burdock or added plants of the Asteraceae/Compositae ancestors (ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigolds, daisies). Abstain with a history of dehydration, diabetes, affection disease, cancer, top claret pressure, or HIV. Stop use afore surgeries/dental/diagnostic procedures. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Chamomile

: Although chamomile has commonly been acclimated to amusement hives, accurate affirmation is lacking. Currently, no animal trials accept evaluated the assurance or capability of chamomile for this use.

Avoid if allergic to chamomile or any accompanying plants, such as aster, chrysanthemum, mugwort, ragweed, or ragwort. Stop use two weeks afore surgery/dental/diagnostic procedures with bleeding risk, and do not use anon afterwards these procedures. Use carefully if active or operating machinery. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Detoxification analysis (cleansing)

: Detoxification has been appropriate as a accessible analysis for hives. However, there is currently no accurate affirmation on the assurance or capability of this use.

In cases of illness, the assorted forms of detoxification should be acclimated beneath able guidance. See specific monographs for precautions and warnings associated with modalities of detoxification.

Kudzu

: Traditionally, kudzu has been acclimated to amusement hives. However, there is currently no accurate affirmation on the assurance and ability for this use.

Use carefully with anticoagulants/anti-platelet agents, claret burden blurred agents, hormones, antiarrhythmics, benzodiazepines, bisphosphonates, diabetes medications, drugs that are metabolized by the liver’s cytochrome P450 enzymes, mecamylamine, neurologic agents, and methotrexate. No well-designed studies on the abiding furnishings of kudzu are available. Abstain if allergic or acute to Pueraria lobata or associates of the Fabaceae/Leguminosae family. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Moxibustion

: There is bound affirmation suggesting that moxibustion may advice amusement hives. Additional analysis is bare to appraise the assurance and ability of moxibustion for this use.

Use carefully over ample claret argosy and attenuate or anemic skin. Abstain with aneurysms, any affectionate of “heat syndrome,” cardiac disease, amusement or cramps, diabetic neuropathy, acute fatigue and/or anemia, fever, anarchic conditions, and over allergic derma conditions, abscessed sores, or derma adhesions. Abstain areas with an affronted organ, contraindicated acupuncture points, face, genitals, head, affronted areas in general, nipples, and derma adhesions. Use carefully in patients who accept just accomplished appliance or demography a hot ablution or shower. Use carefully with aged bodies with ample vessels. Not appropriate to bath or battery for up to 24 hours afterwards a moxibustion treatment. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Peppermint oil

: Historically, peppermint has been acclimated to amusement hives. Further analysis is bare to actuate whether peppermint is safe and able for this use.

Avoid if allergic or acute to peppermint or menthol. Peppermint is about advised safe in non-allergic adults if taken in baby doses. Use carefully with G6PD (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase) absence or gallbladder disease. Menthol, which makes up allotment of peppermint oil, is about advised safe in non-allergic adults. However, doses of menthol greater than 1 gram per kilogram of physique weight may be baleful in humans. Abstain if abundant or breastfeeding.

Probiotics

: Although probiotics accept been appropriate as a accessible analysis for hives, there is bereft accurate affirmation on its assurance and ability for this use.

Probiotics are about advised safe and able-bodied tolerated. Abstain if allergic or acute to probiotics. Use carefully if lactose intolerant.

PREVENTION

There is currently no accepted way to anticipate berry allergy. However, there are means to abate the accident of developing the abhorrence and to abbreviate symptoms.

Males or females who are allergic to berry may yield antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl©), to anticipate allergic symptoms, including afire or bloom of the genitalia, afore oral, vaginal, or anal sex.

Wearing a condom reduces the accident of berry advancing into acquaintance with the physique and accordingly reduces the accident of an allergic reaction.

Males who are because ability a vasectomy should accept able surgeons. If berry leaks into the claret during the operation, there is a slight accident that the accommodating may advance an abhorrence to his semen.

Individuals with a history of anaphylaxis should backpack an autoinjectable epinephrine accessory (known as an EpiPen©) with them at all times. A accomplished ancestors affiliate or acquaintance may advice the accommodating administrate the epinephrine, if necessary.

AUTHOR INFORMATION

This advice has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Analysis Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com).

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Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)

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