Importance And Significance of Indo-Aryan Languages

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Spoken by around 900 million people worldwide, Indo-Aryan languages are a subgroup of the Indo-Iranian languages which itself is a branch of the Indo-European language family. Indo-Aryan languages include various languages and dialects which are primarily used in South Asia i.e. India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh mainly.

Indo-Aryan family of languages comprise some of the widely spoken languages which include Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Assamese, Sindhi, Punjabi, Gujarati, Sinhala, Oriya, Nepali and more.

In this article, we will discuss about few major Indo-Aryan languages:


Being the national language of India, the country with second largest population, Hindi has around 366 million speakers worldwide. It is considered as the third largest language in the world after Chinese and English. Standard Hindi is based upon khariboli dialect and is written in the Devanagari script. Hindi has borrowed heavily from Sanskrit.

Hindi has also borrowed loanwords from English. However, translating from Hindi or English or vice-versa is difficult. Hindi is not only used in India but also in the UK, Mauritius, Canada, The USA and various other countries. Companies wanting to operate business in India or other Hindi speaking regions need to get Hindi translations done from experts.


Spoken primarily in Assam, Assamese is the eastern most Indo-Aryan language. Other than Assam, it is also spoken in few parts of Arunachal Pradesh in India and Bhutan as well. In total, it is spoken by around 20 million people. Assamese is written using the Assamese script which is somewhat similar to Bengali script. If your target audience comprises people from North-east India, you require Assamese translations to reach out to your audience in eastern parts of India.


Nepali is another Indo-Aryan language which is the official language of the Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal. It is also used in Bhutan, Burma and certain parts of India. Earlier Nepali was called Khaskura or Gurkhali. Just like Hindi and Sanskrit, Nepali is written using the Devanagari script.


Bengali boasts of vast literature. From Rabindranath Tagore to Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Bengali novels and poetry have been translated into English and are enjoyed thoroughly by the Western societies. Bengali is written in two different ways- Sadhubhasa and Chaltibhasa. You can find Sadhubhasa style in traditional literature whereas Chaltibhasa became popular in 19th century and is used in modern literature.

Apart from being spoken in West Bengal, Tripura, it is also the official language of Bangladesh and spoken in various other nations as well by the Bengali diaspora. In total, Bengali is spoken by 230 million all over the world. Considering it vast number of speakers, Bengali translations are always in demand in order to reach out this huge market. Bengali used in West Bengal is quite different from the Bengali used in Bangladesh. Therefore whenever you seek Bengali translations, always look for the services of highly professional translation company be it Montreal translation services provider or translation Vancouver company which guarantees highest quality work.

As it is clear from the article, Indo-Aryan family of languages is found primarily in South Asia. Hence if you wish to operate international business in the region of the world, you will require the translation services if a reliable translation agency which can offer you accurate translations keeping in mind your target audience.


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