Gold is also the most beautiful of all metals. Its bright yellow color is very pretty, and it takes a very fine polish. It is also a soft metal, and so can be worked easily. So gold is used to make ornaments, like rings, brooches ad bracelets. The crowns of kings are made of gold.
But gold is chiefly used as money. The coins of the greatest value like English sovereigns are made of gold. A sovereign, is small coin, about the size of an eight-Anna piece; but because gold is so much more precious than silver, one sovereign is worth thirty eight-Anna pieces.
Because gold is mostly used for making coins, the word gold often means money. So when we say that a man loves gold, we mean he loves money; or when we say he has much gold, we mean he is a rich man.
Gold is found in certain kids of rocks, which are generally very deep down below the surface of the ground. To get it out, deep mines have to be sunk; and far underground miners blast and dig the hard rocks out, and send them up to the surface.
Many tons of rock has to be crushed to get even a few ounces of gold
Then the rocks are broke up and crushed by strong machines; and then all the pieces that have gold in them are put into great furnaces, so hot that the gold melts ad runs out. Many tons of rock has to be crushed to get even a few ounces of gold
The words gold and golden are often used for anything that is very good or precious; for example, golden words, golden opinions, the golden rule, as good as gold. But a proverb warns us that, `all that glitters is not gold,’ some things can be made to look like gold, that are not really gold. For example, common iron can be gilded, or painted with gold paint. We must learn not to be taking in by the outward look of things. The proverb, `fine clothes do not make a gentleman’ means the same thing.