Honey- Composition And Uses

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Foraging bees start out by sucking nectar a dilute solution

of sugars in flower. Then, they mix the nectar with enzymes in

their stomach like honey sacs. Back at the hive, the forages

pass the digested material to house bees, which reduce the

moisture content of the mixture by ingesting and regurgitating

it. Then they deposit concentrated drops in to honeycomb cells.

New honey taken from the comb seems to be clean plate and

sweet in taste.

Taste character may vary depending upon the source.

Honey contains simple sugars, metals, vitamins etc. Honey is

absorbed very quickly . Hence it gives energy

immediately. It is better to prescribe, the administration of bitter drugs with honey

especially in children.


1. Demulcent

2. Laxative

3. Astringent

4. Expectorant

5. Carminative

6. Hypnotic

7. Diuretic

Honey decreases the intestinal motility and promotes

urination in children.


1. Honey is used usually as a diet supplement.

2. It is also used for treating

indigestion, sinusitis, cough, tuberculosis

3. Honey has demulcent action; hence it will reduce the

ulceration or gastritis which may occur by the main drug.

4. It is used as laxative. It is also used for treating

indigestion, sinusitis, cough, tuberculosis.

5. It was also used for preserving the cadaver (e.g. King

Alexander) hence it has the activity of preserving the body

and prolongs life.

6. Honey with ghee in equal quantity may produce toxic


7. Honey has an excellent antibacterial properties, that can

help in healing process of sore.

8. To prevent and stop possible bacteria growth and to soothe

the pain of a sore throat, take one teaspoon of honey, 3-5

times a day. Let the honey melt in the mouth first, and

then swallow it slowly to coat the throat.


It is a viscid saccharin substance, semi translucent liquid

of yellow brown colour with an aromatic odour and a sweet taste.

Composition of honey:

Nutritional value per 100g

Energy 300 kcal, 1270 kj

Carbohydrates 82.4 g

• Sugars 82.12g

• Dietary fiber 0.2g

Fat 0g

Protein 0.3g

Water 17.10g

Honey is a mixture of sugars and other compounds. With

respect to carbohydrates, honey is mainly fructose (about 38.5%)

and glucose (about 31.0%). The remaining carbohydrates

include maltose, sucrose and other complex carbohydrates.

In addition, honey contains a wide array of vitamins, such

as vitamin B6, thiamin, niacin, riboflavin and pantothenic acid.

Essential minerals including calcium, copper, iron, magnesium,

manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and zinc as well as

several different amino acids have been identified in honey.

Honey also contains several compounds which function as

anti-oxidants; known antioxidant compounds in honey are

chrysin, pinobarksin, vitamin C, catalase, and pinicembrin.

Unlike most other sweeteners, honey contains small amounts of

a wide array of vitamins, minerals, amino acids and


The specific composition of any batch of honey will depend

largely on the mix of flowers consumed by the bees that

produced the honey. Honey has a density of about 1.5 kg/liter

(50% denser than water) or 12.5 pounds per US gallon.

Typical honey analysis

• Fructose: 38%

• Glucose: 31%

• Sucrose: 1%

• Water: 17%

• Other sugars: 9% (maltose)

• Ash: 0.17%

The analysis of the sugar content of honey is used for

detecting adulteration.


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