Fine Colorectal Cancer

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Fine Colorectal Cancer
DEFINITION
Most of the small bowel tumor is benign. Malignant tumors are less frequently found include carcinomas, lymphomas and carcinoid tumors.

Benign tumors are
Benign tumors in the small intestine include:
– Lipoma (fat cells)
– Neurofibromas (nerve cells)
– Fibroma (connective tissue)
– Leiomyoma (muscle cells).

Most benign tumors do not cause symptoms. But a large tumor can cause the presence of fecal blood bay, intestinal obstruction (partial or total), or entrapment of the intestine when the intestine into the colon in front of her (intussusception).

Endoscopic examination can be carried out to observe the tumor and take a sample for microscopic examination. Barium x-rays can show the entire small intestine and can be used to describe the state of the tumor.

Arteriography (X-rays taken after dye is injected into a vein) can be performed on the intestinal blood vessels, especially when the tumor was bleeding. Teknetium radioactivity could be injected into the vein and see the results on X-rays. This procedure helps determine the location of the bleeding tumor.

Bleeding was then corrected with surgery. Small growth could be destroyed by endoscopy with electrocautery, heat or laser phototherapy. For large growth, may need surgery.

Malignant Tumor
Carcinoma of the small intestine is rare. But it is more common in patients with Crohn’s disease in the small intestine. Lymphoma, a cancer that occurs in the lymph system, can grow in the center of the small intestine (jejunum) or the lower small intestine (ileum). Lymphoma can cause the intestine to be rigid and elongated. This cancer is more common in people with celiac disease.

Small intestine, especially ileum, is the most frequently affected by carcinoid tumor.Tumors can cause blockage and bleeding into the intestines, which can cause symptoms such as blood in the stool, painful stomach cramps, abdominal distension and vomiting. Carcinoid tumors can secrete hormones that cause diarrhea and redness on the skin.

Bowel cancer diagnosis is made based on barium x-rays, endoscopy or exploratory surgery. The best treatment is removal of the tumor.

Kaposi’s sarcoma
Kaposi’s sarcoma is highly malignant, especially in Africa and the receiver organ transplant and AIDS patients. These tumors in the colon can start anywhere, but usually starts from the stomach, small intestine or colon at the end.

Although it usually causes no symptoms, the patient may experience diarrhea and stool may contain blood and protein. Intussusception can occur (the inclusion of some of the intestine into the gut nearby), tend to clog the intestines and stop blood flow to the intestines, making it necessary to do emergency surgery. Kaposi’s sarcoma can also appear as a reddish-purple spots on the skin. To confirm the diagnosis, need to do exploratory surgery.

The treatment is surgical removal of the tumor.

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