Febrile seizures are seizures triggered by fever. This is a fairly common condition in children. Approximately 3-5% of children under 6 years of age have experienced. Most often, febrile seizures occur in up to 18 months of age 3 years. Children under 6 months andover 6 years rarely experience it.
Symptoms of febrile seizures
At the time of seizure begins, your body suddenly rigid and his eyes rolled back. Soon she lost consciousness. Body, hands and feet then convulse (twitch) with the head facing upwards. Child’s skin becomes dark, possibly blue. His breathing was irregular. This condition usually does not last long. Within a few seconds to minutes your child will graduallyregain consciousness. Your child may look sleepy for a while before returning to normal.Although it only lasted a few minutes, a seizure may be very long for you to watch. Seizuresin children is always a daunting experience.
Causes Seizures Fever
Febrile seizures occur because the electrical activity in the brain is interrupted by a fever.Febrile seizures can be the first sign of disease. The majority of febrile seizures occurredwithin the first 24 hours of illness and fever is not always at the highest. Disease that cancause a febrile seizure is a flu, colds, ear infections and other infections are usually not serious. However, serious illnesses such as pneumonia or meningitis can also be the cause. A tendency to get febrile seizures inherited in families. Risk children have a febrile seizure is 10-20% if one parent had to get it. The risk increased to around 30% if both parents and siblings never get it.
If your child has a febrile seizure, do the following:
- Lay your child on the floor or a soft padded mattress. Do not lay the child on the narrowbed or table so that the risk of falling. You can put a pillow on his head.
- If the child begins to vomit or saliva collecting in his mouth, slowly twisting his body so he does not choke.
- Loosen tight clothing, especially around the neck.
- Get rid of dangerous objects that could injure him.
- Do not hold your child’s movement during the seizure.
- Do not put any objects into his mouth. In the past people used to put sticks in your child’s mouth to prevent biting the tongue, but it was a bad idea because the risk of tooth decayand other oral injuries.
- Try to remain calm. Seizures will cease in a few minutes.
- Focus your attention to reduce fever:
- If available, insert diazepam in the form of semi-solid suppository into the anus of your child to accelerate the reduction of fever.
- Compress the head and body with warm water (not cold water). Cold water or rubbing alcohol will increase the fever.
- Do not try to reduce your child’s fever by putting the cold room. You can open a window,but the room should not be too cold.
- After the seizure ends and your child is awake, the most important step is to identify thecause of his fever. Call your doctor to determine the cause and get further treatmentadvice.
- Contact your doctor immediately if the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes, occur more than once on the same day or your child to look weak or ill after the seizure ended.
Will the recurrent febrile seizures?
The majority of recurrent febrile seizures are not (only happens once a child’s lifetime).However, research shows that 1 in 3 children who have experienced febrile seizures for thesecond time. Increased risk of recurrent febrile seizures if your child is younger than 18 months, if there is a family history of febrile seizures or if the cause is not very high fever(38.5 degrees or less).