Dissociative Amnesia

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Dissociative Amnesia


Dissociative amnesia is a type of amnesia caused by trauma or stress that produces an inability to recall important personal information. Dissociative amnesia is a type of amnesia. Amnesia is the inability to fully or partially to remember experiences that are new or old.

When amnesia is caused by psychological rather than physical disorder, called dissociative amnesia. Amnesia may also be a symptom of other disorders, such as acute stress disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, or somatization disorder.

On dissociative amnesia, memory loss usually affects the information that is normally as part of a routine or conscious recollection ‘diri’ history-one of which is: what is done; where to go; with whom to speak; what was said, thought, and felt , and so on, sometimes the information is, forget the mind, which in turn affects the person’s behavior.

People with dissociative amnesia usually have one or more gaps of memory that is missing a few minutes to several hours or days. Even so, the gap of lost memories of a year or even throughout a person’s life can occur. Most people with dissociative amnesia was very aware that they had ‘lost some time’, but few people realize the loss of time or only when they consciously faced with the fact that they have been doing things that they do not remember. Some people with dissociative amnesia to forget some things but not all events that exceed a period of time, others can not remember all the lives that have passed or forget the things they experienced.


These disorders are very common among young adults, more common in people who have been involved in wars, accidents, or natural disasters. It can also block the memory of sexual abuse in childhood, who later recalled again in adulthood. Dissociative amnesia can occur for some time after the traumatic event. Is some memory recovery reflects on memories of real events and people of unknown mass, until confirmed by others.


The symptoms are very common in dissociative amnesia is memory loss. Soon after he became amnesic, a person may seem confused. Most people with dissociative amnesia or at least suffer depression because of their amnesia.


To make the diagnosis, the doctor carefully review the person’s symptoms and perform a physical examination to eliminate the physical causes of amnesia. Tests, including electroencephalography and blood tests for toxins and drugs, are sometimes required to eliminate physical causes. Pemriksaan psychological well done. Special psychological tests often help physicians better classify and understand the person’s dissociative experiences to create a treatment plan.


Doctors began treatment by helping the person to feel safe and secure. If memory loss is not spontaneously recalled, or if the need is urgent to recall memories, recall techniques are often successful. Using hypnosis or medications beginning with the interview (interview conducted after the person is calm with intravenous drugs such as amobarbital or midazolam), the doctor asked the person who amnesia about his past.

Doctors use hypnosis and interviews with medication to reduce the relationship with the time period where there is amnesia, and to enter or cut the defense of amnesia that has been created to protect the painful experience of remembering or conflict. Doctors must be careful not to suggest what should be recalled or stimulate interest in the extreme. Memories recalled by some of the ways may not be accurate and may require external corroboration. Therefore, before hypnosis or drug-facilitated interviews conducted, doctors advise people who amnesia that memory can be retrieved with this technique or may not be accurate and obtain the consent for processing.

Fill memory gaps as large as possible to help restore the continuity of the identity of the person and their own feelings. Amnesia once disappeared, continued psychotherapy is to help people understand the trauma or conflict that caused the disturbance and solve

Most people get back what was missing from their memories and resolve conflicts that cause amnesia. Even so, some people never penetrate a barrier that prevents them from reconstructing their memories of past.


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