Respiratory Failure

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Respiratory failure

DEFINITION

Respiratory failure (lung failure) is a state where the oxygen levels in the blood is low endangering or high carbon dioxide levels become dangerous.

Circumstances that obstruct the airways, lung tissue damage, weak muscles that control breathing, or decreased garirah to breathe can cause lung failure.

People may breathe very short, has a bluish skin color, and confused or drowsy.

Doctors use blood tests to detect low levels of oxygen or carbon dioxide at high levels in the blood.

Oxygen is given.

Sometimes people need help to breathe until the underlying problem can be treated.

Respiratory failure is a medical emergency that can result from too old, underwent lung disease from worsening or severe lung disease that occurs suddenly, such as acute respiratory syndrome that interferes with, which did not occur in healthy people.

CAUSE

Most of the conditions affecting the respiratory or lung problems can cause respiratory failure. Certain disorders, such as hypothyroidism or sleep apnea, can reduce the reflex consciousness that leads people to breathe. Opioid overdose or alcohol can also reduce respiratory motion because it causes heavy sedation. Obstacles on the path pernfasan, injury to the lung tissue, bone and tissue damage around the lungs, and muscle weakness that normally pump the lungs are also common causes.

Respiratory failure occurs when the flow of blood through the lungs becomes abnormal, as occurs in pulmonary embolism (pulmonary embolism. This disorder has not stopped moving air into and out of the lungs, but without the blood flow into the lungs, oxygen is not diekstraks precisely from the air.

What are the causes of respiratory failure?

The underlying cause of the problem

Respiratory disorder chronic lung disease are blocking, cystic fibrosis, bronchiolitis, an inhaled foreign body.

Bad breath (reduced breathing movements) Obesity, sleep apnea, hypothyroidism, drug or alcohol keracunana.

Muscle weakness Myasthenia gravis, muscular dystrophy, polio, Guillain-Barré syndrome, polymyositis, a particular stroke, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), spinal cord injuries.

Abnormalities in lung tissue that interferes with acute respiratory syndrome (ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome), pneumonia, pulmonary edema (excess fluid in the lungs) from heart failure or kidney failure, drug reactions, pulmonary fibrosis, the spread tumor, radiation, sarcoidosis, burns.

Scoliosis abnormalities in the chest wall, chest injuries, extreme obesity, deformity resulting from breast surgery.

SYMPTOMS

Low oxygen levels in the blood can cause shortness of breath and bluish lead color on the skin (cyanosis). Low oxygen levels, high levels of carbon dioxide, and increased acid in the blood causes dizziness and sleep, if traveling to breathing is normal, the body tries to rid itself of carbon dioxide by breathing in, quickly. If the lungs are not functioning normally, despite that, this breathing pattern can not be helped. Soon, brain damage and heart, resulting in sleepiness (sometimes immediately become unconscious), and abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmia), both of which can cause death.

Some of the symptoms of respiratory failure a variety of reasons. A child with respiratory disorders associated with choking (aspiration) foreign body (such as coins or toys) can suddenly gasping for breath and struggling to breathe. People with acute respiratory distress syndrome to breathe more heavily than the short-hour period. Sometimes people are drunk or weakened can actually be a comma.

Diagnosis

Doctors may suspect respiratory failure due to findings on the symptoms and physical examination. Blood tests performed on samples taken from an artery confirm the diagnosis when it shows low oxygen levels that are dangerous or dangerously high levels of carbon dioxide. Chest X-rays and other tests performed to determine the cause of respiratory failure.

TREATMENT

People with respiratory failure treated in intensive care. Oxygen is given at first, usually in large numbers more than needs, but the amount of oxygen can be adjusted later time. Sometimes, the person who karbondioksidanya levels remain high for some time, excess oxygen can slow down the movement into and out of air (ventilation) in the lungs and a further increase in the levels of harmful carbon dioxide. In some people, doses of oxygen need to be more carefully regulated.

The underlying disorders causing respiratory failure should also be treated. For example, an antibiotic used to fight bacterial infections, and bronchodilator use in people with asthma to open the airways. Other drugs may be given, for example, to reduce inflammation or to treat blood clots. required mechanical ventilation until respiratory failure resolved quickly.

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