Recognize Signs And Symptoms of Malnutrition

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Poor nutrition or malnutrition can be interpreted as poor nutritional intake. This can be caused by inadequate intake of food, the selection of foods that are not appropriate or due to other reasons such as absence of disease infection that causes less absorption of nutrients from food. Is clinically characterized by poor nutrition intake of protein, energy and micronutrients such as vitamins that are insufficient or excess that leads to health problems. Differences Malnutrition and Hunger Malnutrition in contrast to starvation. People who suffer from hunger is usually due to not getting enough food and hunger suffered in the long term can lead to the malnutrition. However, people who eat a lot without realizing it can also suffer from malnutrition when they do not eat foods that contain nutrients, vitamins and minerals are sufficient. So poor nutrition can actually be experienced by anyone, without knowing the structure of social and economic factors People who suffer from malnutrition will lack the nutrients needed by the body to grow or to maintain their health. A person can be exposed to malnutrition in the long term or short with a mild or severe conditions. Malnutrition can affect physical and mental health. People who suffer from malnutrition would be easy to get sick or even died from side effects. Children suffering from malnutrition also diminished growth, they usually do not grow like it should (dwarf) with a below normal body weight. Causes Malnutrition People will suffer from malnutrition if not able to benefit from the foods they eat, for example on patients with diarrhea, excessive nutrients, or due to an unbalanced diet that is not getting enough calories and protein for body growth. Some people may suffer from malnutrition because of an illness or condition that causes the body is unable to digest or absorb food properly. For example in celiac disease patients with disorders of the digestive tract that is triggered by a protein that is abundant in wheat gluten. Celiac disease affects the body’s ability to absorb nutrients resulting in deficiency. Then there is also a disease that affects the pancreas cystic fibrosis, whose function is to produce the enzymes needed to digest food. Similarly, people with lactose intolerance is difficult to digest milk and other dairy products. Here are some factors that can lead to malnutrition:

Diet is not balanced nutritional content

There are problems in the digestive system
The presence of certain medical conditions
As mentioned earlier, malnutrition can occur when the body does not get enough food and nutrients, as in the case of famine. A type of vitamin deficiency can be categorized as poor nutrition. In some cases of malnutrition can show very mild symptoms or no symptoms. But in other cases of severe malnutrition can lead to permanent organ damage although it has been saved. Currently malnutrition remains a significant problem worldwide, especially in children. Poverty, natural disasters, political problems and wars can lead to malnutrition and starvation, even anywhere in the world. Signs and Symptoms Malnutrition Malnutrition can affect your health both physically and mentally. The more severe conditions suffered malnutrition (the more nutrients are lacking) would increase the risk of physical health problems. In severe malnutrition such as marasmus cases can occur (weak muscles) due to protein and energy deficiency, cretinism and brain damage due to iodine deficiency , blindness and the risk of infectious disease-induced increase defisensi vitamin A, it is difficult to concentrate due to iron deficiency. Signs and symptoms of malnutrition depend on the type of nutritional deficiency. However, common symptoms of malnutrition are:

Fatigue and lack of energy
The immune system is low (resulting in difficulty of the body to fight infection)
Dry and scaly skin
Swollen and bleeding gums
Rotting teeth
It’s hard to concentrate and have a slow reaction
Less weight
Slow growth
Weakness in muscles
Bones that fracture easily
There is a problem in organ function

When a pregnant woman with poor nutrition, then it is likely his son will be born with low weight and are at risk for not survive. Children with poor nutrition are also often difficult to follow the lessons at school. Malnutrition Treatment For diagnosis of malnutrition, the doctor usually will do the inspection:

Check the patient’s height and weight to determine BMI (Body Mass Index)
Do blood tests to see abnormalities
X-ray examination to check if there are abnormalities in the bones and other organs
Check the disease or other conditions that can cause malnutrition
For the treatment of malnutrition. Your doctor or dietitian will usually propose to dietary adjustments, including the type and amount of food. When needed can also be given vitamin supplements or vitamins to help meet the needs of the poor. If the causes of malnutrition due to disease or certain medical conditions then, other therapies are advised to handle it.


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