Acne Acne can be originated from the blockage of the pores by dirt mixed with the oil (sebum) which normally works to moisturize skin and hair. Acne is usually most common in adolescence, where serng been a surge of hormones that make the skin produce more sebum. Because the oil-producing glands in the face of more widely available around the forehead, nose and chin, then in this area is often called the T area, more frequent acne than in other parts.
Acne itself is a frequent problem experienced by nearly 80% of adolescents and 5% of adults. Although there are some people who recover from acne problems without having a permanent effect, but there is also a growing worry in the presence of acne scars. Although there are some products applied to the skin to help improve mild acne scars, but acne scars are usually handled through a combination of surgical procedures or rebuild the skin.
This type of acne scar
Acne is very disturbing because it is usually very difficult to remove pimples, acne can even disturb us 2 times. The first acne annoying because it makes the skin look perfect, then the second one though acne is curable but can leave scars that will look for life, a sort of reminder of its presence.
Here are some types of acne scars that usually happens:
type wounds acne
Types of injuries Icepick
These types of injuries are usually narrow and deep skin prick like it had been punctured by ice. This type of wound size <2 mm with a depth of cuts reaches the dermis or subcutaneous layer. This type of injury is usually too deep to be handled through the process of dermabrasion or laser resurfacing.
Types of injuries Boxcar
This type of injury usually have wound round the base or the surface of the oval with a sharp angle. Unlike other types of injuries Icepick, Boxcar type of injury usually is not tapered at the bottom. Shallow scars with depths between 0.1 -0.5 mm can be handled through the skin resurfacing techniques, while the deeper scar> 0.5 mm requires a more thorough technique.
Rolling type of injury
These types of injuries caused by the pull between the layers of skin to the deeper parts of the skin, causing skin that looks bumpy effect.
Types of injuries hypertrophic / keloid
Hypertrophic wound is a wound where the wound surface appears to rise beyond the original scar and can shrink back over time. But to own a keloid tissue growth in the injured area in excess of the wound, the scar itself looks elastic, dense and sometimes itchy.
Former Acne Treatment Injury
There are several procedures that can be used to improve acne scars, and each procedure has its advantages and risks of each. Sometimes also some procedures are combined to obtain maximum results.
Here are some procedures that can be used for the treatment of acne scars:
This procedure is usually performed by a dermatologist / dermatologist by removing the top layer of damaged skin and tightens the middle layer of skin so that skin can be smooth. To relieve pain, a doctor will first give a local anesthetic. Skin usually takes 3-10 days to recover.
Another way is to use a fine wire brush or diamond tools used for mengkikis the skin surface. At the time of the skin to recover, then a layer of smoother skin layer will replace the eroded earlier. It takes much longer for skin to recover from this procedure, usually between 10 days to 3 weeks.
The procedure uses fractional laser therapy works the deeper layer of skin than laser resurfacing or dermabrasion. And because the treatment does not make a cut on the top layer of skin, then the recovery time is faster but the cost of treatment is more expensive than the above procedure.
Sometimes the doctor will inject a certain material that can fill the hole in the wound so it looks more flat and smooth. Material is commonly injected fat, cow collagen, human collagen, hyaluronic acid derivatives, etc.. This injection is usually not permanent, so that the necessary subsequent injections.
In addition to the above procedure there are also some minor surgical procedure that can be done for this kind of deeper cuts such as: Punch Excision, Punch Excision with Skin Graft Replacement, Punch Elevation or subcutaneous Incision.
What Should Be Done?
If the acne or acne scars make you worry, do not hesitate to consult a skin specialist / dermatologist to get a variety of treatments that can help eliminate acne or acne scars. Dermatologists can also provide information on various types of therapy that can be done as well as tips on how to care for skin properly according to your skin condition.