Education and care services for young children at this time partly due to the limited agencies that provide early education services when compared with the number of children aged 0-6 years should get the service. Various programs are either directly (through BKB and IHC), which has been pursued so far has yet to provide full service, not to work together and have not been integrated between the educational services, health and nutrition. Though three aspects largely determine the level of intellect, intelligence and child development.
The importance of early childhood education has become an international concern.In a meeting of the World Education Forum in Dakar Senegal in 2000 produced six agreements as a framework for action education for all and one of the point is to expand and improve the overall care and early childhood education, especially for children who are very vulnerable and disadvantaged, such as in Indonesia.
International attention to the urgency of early childhood education is reinforced by a variety of recent research on the brain. At the time the baby is born, they have a complete brain structure, but has reached its maturity after outside the womb. Newborns has more than 100 billion neurons and billion glia cel that work to serves as an adhesive and synap (branches of neurons) which will form the billion connections between neurons that exceeded needs. Synap will work until the age of 5-6 years. A large number of connections that influence the ability of the brain throughout life. Growth in the number of brain tissue affected by the experience gained in the child’s early years of his life, particularly pleasant experience. In the phase of this development will have a tremendous potential in developing language skills, math, thinking skills, emotional stability and formation.
There are four main considerations the importance of early childhood education, namely: (1) preparing qualified human resources, (2) encourage the acceleration of economic turnaround and low social costs because of high labor productivity and durability, (3) increase the equity in people’s lives, ( 4) helping parents and children.
Early childhood education not only serves to provide learning experiences to children, but more importantly serves to optimize brain development. Early childhood education should also include the entire process of psychosocial stimulation and is not limited to the learning process that occurs in educational institutions. That is, early childhood education can take place anywhere and at anytime as well as human interactions that occur within the family, peers, and of social relations that correspond to the conditions and early childhood development.