RISK FACTORS OF HERNIA
Family history – The risk of inguinal hernia increases if the
person have a close relative, such as a parent or sibling, with
Certain medical conditions – Having cystic fibrosis, a lifethreatening
disorder that causes severe lung damage and often
a chronic cough, will develop an inguinal hernia.
Chronic cough – A chronic cough, such as occurs from
smoking, increases the risk of inguinal hernia.
Chronic constipation – This leads to straining during bowel
movements – a common cause of inguinal hernias.
Excess weight – Being moderately to severely overweight can
put extra pressure on the abdomen.
Pregnancy – This can both weaken the abdominal muscles and
cause increased pressure inside the abdomen.
Certain occupations – Having a job that requires standing for
long periods or doing heavy physical labor increases the risk
of developing an inguinal hernia.
Premature birth – Infants who are born sooner than normal
are more likely to have inguinal hernias.
History of hernias – If the person had one inguinal hernia, it is
much more likely that they will eventually develop another –
usually on the opposite side.
Not necessarily dangerous in themselves, inguinal hernias can lead to
Most inguinal hernias enlarge over time if they are not repaired
surgically. Large hernias can put pressure on surrounding tissues – in men
they may extend into the scrotum, causing pain and swelling.
But the most serious complication of an inguinal hernia occurs when a
loop of intestine becomes trapped in the weak point in the abdominal wall.
This may obstruct the bowel, leading to severe pain, nausea, vomiting
and the inability to have a bowel movement or pass gas.
It can also diminish blood flow to the trapped portion of the intestine –
a condition called strangulation, that may lead to the death of the affected
bowel tissues. A strangulated hernia is life-threatening and requires
We can’t prevent the congenital defect that may lead to an inguinal hernia, but the following steps can help to reduce strain on the abdominal muscles and tissues:
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Avoid constipation.
- Emphasize high-fiber foods.
- Lift heavy objects carefully or avoid heavy lifting altogether.
- Avoid smoking.
- Yogic exercises assure a normal individual of his physical well
being; They also both curative and recuperative in action.