The land of learning with universities in places like Taxila, Nalanda, etc, where students from other countries even come for education is reeling under pressure due to lack of political will to develop infrastructure conducive for the education. Though we have made education for children from 6 to 14 years of age or up to class viii, free and compulsory under an act in 2009, we are not able to implement it effectively.
Why is education for the elite only?
The plight of government schools is utterly miserable. They are not able to provide quality education to pupils as there is dearth of schools and teachers, high pupil teacher ratio and teachers are not properly trained. There is high percentage of absentees as they are not willing to work in remote and far away centers.
Private institutions are mush rooming in every nook and corner of the cities to earn money and are working like a mafia fleecing very high Admission charges, Donations and Fees. Most of these institutions are running courses which are not affiliated or recognized by any university. They have opened various in-house shops like stationary, sports, uniform, etc to make extra bucks.
The dearth of institutions as per the ever increasing demand is also pestering the students to perform better and better, thus year after year we are seeing increasing cut off percentages. The exams and peer pressure, expectation of parents and relatives, competition tests, admission vows, ragging, etc is increasing the tendency of suicide among the students. There is a thriving industry of coaching centers and tutors which is taking advantage of these shortcomings.
The irrelevant curriculum and teaching methods has increased the vows of the students. It is a pity to see small kids carrying heavy loads of school bags, as if oxen attached to their yokes. The much acclaimed institutions like IIT and IIM are also loosing there shin, in absence of new innovative techniques.
The boards and universities with different syllabus is also increasing ruckus. Why don’t we have single and simple pattern for the entire country?
The literacy rate is touching around 74%, with male and female literacy rates being 82% and 65% respectively. The literacy percentage is quite low in interior areas. India scores poorly compared to other developing countries even though we are in the process of becoming a world power. One of the approaches to make internationalization of Indian higher education effective is to develop a coherent and comprehensive policy which aims at infusing excellence and aids in capacity building.
Government investment in this basic building block is envisaged for brighter and prosperous future.