Malaria is an infectious disease caused by a protozoan parasite Plasmodium, which is class, where the process is transmitted through the bite of the Anopheles mosquito. This type of protozoan parasite spread in many tropical regions, for example in America, Asia and Africa.
There are four types of plasmodium parasite is able to human infection, but that is often encountered in cases of malaria are Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. Others are Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium malariae.
Signs and Symptoms of malaria
The period of shoot / incubation of this disease can be several days until a few months later appeared before signs and symptoms complained of by the patient such as fever, chills, ache or joint pain, sometimes vomiting, pale / anemis, enlarged liver and spleen, visible urine cloudy / thick because they contain hemoglobin (Hemoglobinuria), tingling of the skin and having spasms.
However, it is revealed classic signs of sudden feelings of cold, followed by rigor and then fever and sweating emergence after 4 to 6 hours later, this takes place every two days. Among this period, patients may feel healthy as before. At the age of the children malaria attacks can cause strange symptoms, for example, shows the movement / abnormal posture as a result of the brain cavity pressure. Even more seriously can cause brain damage.
Classification of Disease Manifestations of Malaria
There are several forms of malaria disease manifestations, among others:
– Tertian malaria, caused by Plasmodium vivax, in which patients feel the fever appears every third day.
– Quartana Malaria, caused by Plasmodium malariae, the patient felt a fever every fourth day.
– Cerebral Malaria, caused by Plasmodium falciparum, patients experience irregular fever accompanied by symptoms terserangnya parts of the brain, coma and even entered a phase of sudden death.
– Pernicious Malaria, caused by Plasmodium vivax, the symptoms may occur very suddenly, like a stroke, coma accompanied by symptoms of severe malaria.
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Based on theexamination,either directlyfrom thecomplaintsthat ariseas well asmorefocusedon resultslaboratiumthen the doctorwillgive you somemedicine topatients.Among them is theadministration of drugsto lowerfeversuch asparacetamol,vitaminsto boostthe immune systemas an effort tohelp thehealing.