January 18, 2012. Users from around the world who access the most popular Internet encyclopedia, Wikipedia, strucked by a sudden black screen appeared a few seconds.
That’s a concern as well as a strong protest from one of the giants website against piracy legislation being deliberated in the United States. The law is better known under the name Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and Protect Intellectual Property Act (PIPA).
“Imagine a world without free knowledge. For more than a decade, we spend millions of hours preparing the largest encyclopedia in human history. Currently, the U.S. Congress is preparing a regulation that could disrupt the free and open knowledge to the fatal. For 24 hours, to increasing awareness, we turned off Wikipedia, “.
Wikipedia is not the only one who protested SOPA. Other technology companies like Google, Yahoo, Facebook, Twitter, and eBay also protested by advertising in a number of leading newspapers, asking Congress to re-think before cooking the SOPA. Google even blacken the logo on its search pages for a day.
When blacken the logo on its search pages for a day, Google said that the move was a symbol that the rule contained in SOPA will make a dark future of the internet, because some sites will be forced to shut down access to sites that contain content that is considered as a piracy contents.
But this does not mean that Google rejected the rules governing the matter of piracy on the Internet. This search engine giant was then offered an alternative rule of SOPA, which is OPEN.
OPEN or Online Protection and Enforcement of the Digital Trade Draft Law was ever filed by Darrel Issa, a congressman from California from the Republican Party.
So what is the difference between OPEN compared to SOPA / PIPA?
The difference is in legal actions. SOPA / PIPA will allow the U.S. Justice Department to ask the police to shut down sites that provide links to a number of sites considered to have content piracy. Clearly this is a threat to search engine sites like Google.
While OPEN, legal actions is set to be more lenient. In the OPEN rule, the Commission on International Trade (International Trade Commission) will become an institution cope with piracy-related legal disputes.
Despite coming from the Republican Party, Issa portrayed as a liberal Internet users. Issa draft believed will not damage the ecosystem of the Internet in the legislation. Issa is rumored to be introducing OPEN to the U.S. Congress, shortly after the rejection of the SOPA / PIPA appears
. Google was not the sole supporter of this OPEN.Biggest SOPA repellent, Reddit, also begin to look at OPEN , though not yet fully supported. General Manager of Reddit, Erik Martin, says OPEN as a “good start”. So, which one will be used to guide the future of the Internet? Let’s see. Certainty the use of SOPA / PIPA itself will be determined on January 24, 2012, when the U.S. parliament held a vote to ensure the draft’s fate: certified or buried.