Chocolate is the food that much preferable. Imagine when chewed or sipping a glass of hot chocolate or enjoy a chocolate tart with a layer would make a lot of people can not wait to do it. Not just as a snack for kids, but chocolate also enjoyed many adults. In fact, chocolate is often used as a gift for someone dear. Why is chocolate considered a sign of love someone? Any substance contained in chocolate so that these foods have a lot of the audience? Whether chocolate is dangerous for health food?
History of Chocolate
Botanists agree that chocolate or cocoa tree (Theobroma cacao) is grown in the Amazon and Orinoco basin in South America for thousands of years ago. Mayans who first cultivate cacao trees. This habit is also taken when they moved to the plains of Yucatan. Aztec nation then introduce a bitter chocolate as a beverage. Cocoa beans mixed with corn or grapes that have been fermented and then presented in a cup made of gold. Aztec emperors named Montezuma has a habit of drinking more than 50 cups of chocolate chocolate per day.
The Spanish colonists named Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) when colonized the region at first interested in the gold cup chocolate drink than it is. But he also observed that for the Nation Aztecs, cocoa or chocolate beans are also used as money. Therefore, he immediately set up some cacao plantations. Plantation known as “brown gold” is growing and the results favored, so that Spain controls trade chocolate in the 18th century. Then the chocolate was introduced to mainland Europe and made a cake mix ingredients.
In the mid-19th century, the Swiss started to develop and market chocolate as a snack. So brown that used only as a drink later evolved into snacks that can melt on the tongue. Switzerland also became famous as the best chocolate producing countries.
Benefits of Chocolate for Health
Chocolate containing cocoa (cocoa beans) more than 70% also have benefits for health, because chocolate is rich in antioxidant content of phenols and flavonoids. With the presence of antioxidants, will be able to capture free radicals in the body. The amount of antioxidant is even 3 times more than green tea, a beverage that has been often regarded as a source of antioxidants.
With the presence of antioxidants, making the chocolate into a health drink. Phenols, an antioxidant capable of reducing cholesterol in the blood so it can reduce the risk of heart attack are also useful to prevent cancer in the body, preventing the occurrence of stroke and high blood pressure. Besides the fat content in chocolate high quality proven cholesterol-free and does not clog arteries.
Chocolate also contains several vitamins that are useful to the body such as vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin C, vitamin D, and vitamin E. In addition, chocolate also contains substances or nutrients that are essential to the body such as iron, potassium and calcium. Cocoa itself is the highest natural source of magnesium. If someone magnesium deficiency, can cause hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, joint pain and problems of woman’s monthly pre-menstrual (PMS). By eating chocolate will add daily nutritional intake of magnesium in causing increased levels of progesterone in women. This reduces the negative effects of PMS.
Chocolate for Beauty
Other benefits of chocolate is for beauty, because antioxidants and catechins present in it can prevent premature aging, so do not be surprised if at this time developed a very good chocolate body scrub for your skin.