If altitude sickness dangerous two major complications: high-altitude cerebral edema and high altitude pulmonary edema. High-altitude cerebral edema – lack of oxygen causes the liquid to seep through the capillaries in the brain. Typically, high-altitude cerebral edema occurs when a person is at high altitude for at least one week. If it is left untreated it can lead to death. The patient must come down, at least 600 meters down immediately. High-altitude pulmonary edema – fluid accumulates in the lungs, preventing the flow of oxygen into the bloodstream. Because the blood oxygen level drops, the patient’s skin becomes bluish tint, breathing becomes more difficult, there is tightness in the chest, tormented by a persistent cough with pinkish sputum, the patient feels exhausted and weak, there is a disorientation in the environment. If left untreated the patient facing death. In addition, in cases of high-altitude pulmonary edema patient should go down, at least 600 meters immediately. Both of these complications are rare but can occur if someone rises to very high altitude too quickly, and stays there for a long time.
Should be informed about the risks of climbing, symptoms and treatment of altitude sickness. If the recovery occurs in a remote mountain, it is important to be prepared and take precautions. Adaptation – the best way to prevent altitude sickness is to ascend gradually, so that the body time to acclimate to the changing altitude. You should plan enough time for adaptation. Need to check whether everything is completely acclimated group, before climbing to new heights. Fluid intake should be about 4 – 6 liters of water per day. At high altitude is necessary to observe high-calorie diet. With the progression of mild altitude symptoms should immediately come down. If the height is more than 3000 meters, to increase the height of the night can not be greater than 300 feet each night. In other words, do not sleep at an altitude of 300 meters more than slept the previous night. Even if you have risen more than 300 meters during the day, before sleep, to go back down so that you were not higher than 300 meters, compared to the previous night. I can not smoke and drink alcoholic beverages. Acetazolamide and dexamethasone – these drugs can also be used to prevent altitude sickness. If you have mild symptoms should stay at this altitude until the symptoms disappear completely. Taking certain other medicines, while at high altitude or during ascent may aggravate symptoms, it tranquilizers and sleeping pills.
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