Body acne is found in different parts of the body including the back, chest, legs, shoulders and neck. Studies show that the majority of people suffering from facial acne also have body acne. It is common in teenagers and young adults. There are different types of body acne and treatment methods will depend on the type. Here are the types of acne which can develop on the body.
These acne types appear as small bumps with a white center. They might be so small that you might not notice them. Whiteheads form when the hair follicle secretes excess sebum such that it clogs the skin pores. The sebum remains trapped under the skins surface. In addition to sebum, the whitehead also contains acne causing bacteria. This type of acne is also called closed comedones and is a non-inflamed type of acne.
These are another type of non-inflamed acne. Blackheads are also known as open comedones. They form as a result of sebum and bacteria accumulation within skin pores causing them to burst. This results in the oxidation of melanin resulting in the black coloration of the pimple.
Papules are commonly known as pimples. These are inflamed acne spots. They are visible to the naked eye and unlike whiteheads they don’t have any visible fluids within them. Papules are usually less than one centimeter in diameter.
Pustules are another type of inflamed acne. They appear as small bumps with a whitish or yellowish center. The coloration comes from the pus found within the pustule and it comprises dead skin cells, white blood cells and sebum. They are usually larger than papules.
Nodules and cysts
These are severe types acne vulgaris. They are inflamed acne types and are particularly painful. Unlike other acne types which form just beneath the surface of the skin, nodules form deep within the skin and form large pimples on the surface. They are also a bit large and mostly grow over 1 centimeter on diameter. Cystic acne is an advanced type of nodular acne. They form as a result of nodular acne going untreated. The pus contained in the nodules seeps deep into the skin causing severe inflammation and swelling.
Identifying the type of acne you suffer from is the first step to finding effective treatment. It might help seeing a dermatologist to get a better picture about the type of acne you have. There isn’t a specific cause of body acne. However, there are several factors which have been identified to cause acne on the body. These include the following.
Acne is common during puberty. At this stage, there are many different hormonal changes occurring within the body. These changes trigger excess sebum secretion which can lead to acne development. Another case where acne is triggered by hormonal changes is during the monthly cycle in women. Although acne is considered a hormonal condition, acne caused mainly by hormone imbalance is common among young adults.
Studies have shown that some types of acne tend to run through families. If your family has a history of acne, it is very likely that you will develop acne at a point in your life. Cystic acne is believed to be hereditary although almost anyone can develop this condition.
Diets high in processed sugar and dairy products have been closely associated with breakouts. High sugar levels in the blood trigger excess sebum production in the skin leading to breakouts.
Studies conducted have also found stress to be closely associated with acne breakouts. Stress usually triggers a hormonal change in the body which can lead to acne breakouts.
Given the fact that there are different types of acne, the treatment methods available vary. The common methods available include use of antibiotics, skin care products and home based products. Treatment can also involve amazing lifestyle changes such as exercising and changing diet.
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