Rosacea is a serious skin condition that affects adults. It is also known as ‘adult acne’ and characterized by severe redness and sometimes pimples all over some parts of the face. The reason why the condition is sometimes called adult acne is that it may often cause outbreaks similar to acne.
Rosacea can also cause soreness and burning sensation in the eyes and eyelids. The condition is normally harmless until it gets to the eyes.
It mainly affects adults from the age of 30 to 50 and both men and women are affected. Rosacea is very uncommon in kids and while it is a more frequent disorder in women than men, it severely affects men.
Rosacea normally starts around the cheeks and then spreads out to the nose area and then up to the forehead. In some severe cases, there may be redness on the neck. People with darker skins tones rarely get rosacea and this is the same case with black people. The condition should be treated as soon as possible because it can get worse if left untreated over a long period of time.
What are the causes of rosacea?
The real causes of rosacea remain somewhat of a mystery to many medical experts. The condition tends to affect fair-skinned people or those who easily blush. It is also tends to affect persons of the same family. Contrary to a popular belief in the past, rosacea is not brought about by excessive drinking but seems to get worse when one drinks alcohol.
Rosacea is suspected to be caused by genetics, exposure to the sun, gastrointestinal disorders, mites present in hair follicles, spicy foods, stress, anxiety, certain medications that cause widening of blood vessels, and many more. In addition, there are a number of factors can aggravate the skin condition in affected persons.
Emotional factors such as embarrassment, fear, stress, anxiety, etc can trigger blushing and cause the condition to get worse. Other triggers that can aggravate rosacea include alcohol consumption, exercising, weather changes like change in humidity or strong winds.
Effective rosacea treatments
Although rosacea cannot be completely eliminated, effective treatment of the condition can relieve the symptoms. In most cases effective rosacea treatment involves a combination of prescription medications as well as specific lifestyle changes on the affected person.
Doctors can also recommend certain sunscreens, moisturizers, mild cleansers and other skin care products to improve the affected skin’s health.
Rosacea treatment varies according to the seriousness of the condition and what a dermatologist recommends. One of the most effective rosacea treatments involves the use of topical medications. These kinds of medications are applied to the skin once or twice everyday to reduce the redness and inflammation.
They are also be used in combination with oral medications in order to relieve the symptoms. Some of the common topical medications used include antibiotics like metronidazole, tretinoin, azelaic acid, and benzoyl peroxide.
Apart from topical medications, the skin disorder can be treated by oral antibiotics which reduce the itching usually caused by bacteria. Oral antibiotics are recommended as they seem to work faster compared to topical medications.
These medications are usually prescribed together with topical medications, laser treatment, and lifestyle changes. Common oral antibiotics for rosacea treatment include tetracycline, erythromycin, and minocycline. Another oral antibiotic is isotretinoin, a powerful medication used at times for severe cases of rosacea, in case other treatments are unable to improve the symptoms.
Laser treatment is perhaps the best for rosacea but it is far more expensive than any other treatment. This type of treatment is very effective in treating flushing and redness which are perhaps the most common and prominent signs of rosacea.
Laser rosacea treatment is also very effective for improving acne-like pimples common with rosacea. However, laser treatments require many sessions before any significant results can be realized.
Lifestyle and home rosacea treatments
There are a number of lifestyle changes and home treatments for rosacea:
· Drinking plenty of water daily alleviates the symptoms of the condition
· Avoiding stress can help you keep calm and avoid flare-ups
· Minimizing intake or better still, avoiding alcohol, tea, coffee, cigarettes and soda can help alleviate rosacea symptoms.
· Exercising in the morning, especially swimming in a chlorinated pool can help
· Change of face and body towels after every use to avoid breeding of more germs is recommended
· Minimize the exposure to sun and use sunglasses, umbrellas, hats or sunscreen every time you go out
· Avoid foods or drinks that can flare up rosacea
Although there is no cure for rosacea, its symptoms can effectively be treated in several ways. There are so many possible treatments for the skin condition and the duration of treatment will depend on the severity or type or rosacea.
Overall, there’s usually an improvement within a month or two after one begins rosacea treatment. Symptoms of the skin disorder may recur once one stops using medication, so rosacea treatment is often long-term in many cases.