Arteries are vessels that carry blood from the pumping heart to all the tissues and organs. High blood pressure does not mean excessive emotional tension, although emotional tension and stress can temporarily increase blood pressure. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80; blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89 is called “pre-hypertension” (“pre-hypertension”), and a blood pressure of 140/90 or above is considered high.
High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition in which a person experiences an increase in blood pressure above normal are indicated by the systolic number (top) and the bottom number (diastolic). High blood pressure causes the heart to someone constantly working extra hard, this condition ultimately resulted in a breakdown of the blood vessels of the heart, kidneys, brain and eyes. Hypertension disease is a common cause of stroke and heart attack causes Some of the things a person has high blood pressure, among others:
- Obesity / Overweight
- Poor Sports
To prevent high blood pressure for those who still have normal blood pressure or high blood pressure for those who already have high blood pressure, among others:
- Reduce consumption of salt in food.
- Consumption of foods containing potassium, magnesium and calcium. Potassium, magnesium and calcium can reduce high blood pressure.
- Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages or food.
- Regular exercise can reduce high blood pressure. If you suffer from high blood pressure, choose a light exercise such as walking, cycling, running relaxed, and swimming.
- Eat vegetables and fruits are high in fiber such as green vegetables, bananas, tomatoes, carrots, cantaloupe, and oranges.
- Run anti-stress therapy to reduce stress
- Quitting smoking also contributes greatly to reduce high blood pressure or hypertension.
- Control your cholesterol levels
- Control of diabetes
- Avoid drugs that can increase blood pressure.
Disease of high blood pressure or hypertension is very dangerous, because the disease may increase the risk of developing heart disease, kidney, hardening of the arteries, eye damage, and stroke (brain damage). Complications of hypertension are often referred to as end-organ damage because damage to these organs is the end result of chronic high blood pressure. We can prevent and cope with high blood pressure with a healthy lifestyle such as regular exercise, eating nutritious foods are fruits and vegetables, avoid smoking, alcohol and caffeine, cholesterol levels and diabetes control.