There are a few different options for those who are considering gastric bypass surgery. Not only are there four different types of operations that can be performed, there are also choices between laparoscopic surgery and conventional surgery. The right options for the right patient are critical in making sure that this surgery will work to take off the pounds and keep them off.
The Most Common Option
Gastric bypass surgery is the most common of the four options. With gastric bypass surgery, the patients must go under anesthesia and have their digestive tracts reduced. This is done by excluding much of the stomach, duodenum, and upper intestine from coming into contact with food. It reroutes all of the food substances that enters the body from the small pouch of a stomach (similar to a gastric band) to the small intestine, limiting the absorption of food.
There are also other options for people who are looking for a surgical option. The patients can choose the option that they want, or the doctor may recommend the best option to take in order to best care for the patient’s wellbeing in the future. The other options for bariatric surgery are a gastric sleeve, a gastric band, or a biliopancreatic bypass with a duodenal switch. All options will be considered by the doctor based on current health and the weight loss goals of the patient.
The gastric band works by decreasing the food intake of the patient. Surgery is performed in order to attach a bracelet-like band around the top of the stomach to produce a smaller pouch at the top, about the size of a thumb. The outlet for the food is controlled by a circular balloon that is placed inside the band. This can be inflated and deflated as necessary.
The Most Complicated Bariatric Option
A gastric sleeve is usually the first step a patient has to take in order to get ready for the BPD operation. Most of the time, the gastric sleeve is only available to those who are at high risk for complications for other types of gastric bypass surgery. Body weight and other medical conditions can determine whether a gastric sleeve needs to be put into place. Since this is the first step to the BPD procedure, the second step is the lower portion of the stomach being removed from the body and creating a new route to the small intestine to produce significant weight loss in a short amount of time.
This last operation is a risky procedure as there are more long term complications because of a lack of nutrients, minerals, and vitamins being able to be absorbed by the body.
There can be complications for all surgical options, but the gastric bypass is one of the surgeries that doctors and patients agree on because it has the least risk compared to the weight loss results. The next step for the patient is to undergo the surgery in order to begin weight loss and meet the set goals.
(Article originally published by RS Banks on Suite101.com)