Here are some notable and unique buildings from the different parts of the world
with their spectacular features.
1. 90º Twisted Building
One of the most spectacular buildings in the world is the HSB Turning Torso, a skyscraper in Malmo,
Sweden. It officially opened on 27 August 2005.
- The tower reaches a height of 190 meters or 623 feet with 54 stories
- Upon completion, it was the tallest building in Scandinavia
- It is the tallest residential building in the EU
- It is the second tallest residential building in Europe
- The design is based on a sculpture by Calatrava called Twisting Torso.
- It uses nine segments of five-story pentagons that twist as it rises; the topmost segment is twisted ninety degrees clockwise with respect to the ground floor.
- Each floor consists of an irregular pentagonal shape rotating around the vertical core, which is supported by an exterior steel framework.
- The two bottom segments are intended as office space.
- Segments three to nine house 147 luxury apartments.
- The Twisting Torso sculpture is a white marble piece based on the form of a twisting human being.
- It was the Gold Award winner of the 2005 Emporis Skyscraper Award.
2. Largest Inclined Building
The largest inclined building in the world is Olympic Stadium or Stade Olympique in French. It is a multi-
purpose stadium in Montreal, Quebec, Canada built as the main venue for the 1976 Summer Olympics.
It subsequently became the home of Montreal’s professional baseball and Canadian football teams.
- It currently serves as a 56,040-seat multipurpose facility for special events (e.g. concerts, trade shows) during non-winter months
- It continues to serve as a 66,308-seat venue for late-season, playoff and Grey Cup games hosted by the Montreal Alouttes.
- La tour de Montreal, the tower incorporated into the base of the stadium, is the tallest inclined tower in the world at 175 meters
- It is a very elaborate facility featuring a retractable roof, which was to be opened and closed by a huge 175-metre (574 ft) tower – the tallest inclined structure in the world
3. Largest Hemispherical Building and Largest Scale Model of the Solar System
The largest hemispherical building in the world and at the same time the largest scale model of the
solar system is the Ericsson Globe, formerly known as the Stockholm Globe Arena, or nicknamed in
Swedish, Globen – “The Globe”. It is the national indoor arena of Sweden, located in the Johanneshov
district of Stockholm.
- It took two and a half years to build the building
- Its shape is like a large golf ball
- It has a diameter of 110 meters or 361 ft
- It has an inner height of 85 meters or 279 ft
- The volume of the building is 605,000 cubic meters or 21,188,800 cubic ft.
- It has seating capacity for 16,000 spectators for shows and concerts
- It has a capacity of 14,119 for ice hockey.
- It represents the Sun in the Sweden Solar System
4. Tallest Building Used Exclusively as a Hotel
The tallest building used exclusively as a hotel in the world is the Rose Rotana, also known as Rose Tower,
a 72-storey hotel located on Sheikh Zayed Road in Dubai, UAE.
- The building is 333 m or 1,090 ft in height
- Construction began in 2004, and was completed in 2007.
- It surpassed both the nearby 321 m (1,050 ft) Burj Al Arab, and the incomplete 330 m (1,100 ft) Ryugyong Hotel in Pyongyang, North Korea.
- It is scheduled to open in mid to late-2009.
5. World’s Largest Shopping Mall
The largest shopping mall in the world is the Golden Resources Shopping Mall or Jin Yuan, a shopping
mall located near the Fourth Ring Road in Beijing, China. In English, the mall has earned the nickname
Great Mall of China.
- Its total area is 7.3 million sq ft or 680,000 sq m over six floors
- It is 1.5 times the size of the Mall of America
- It was the world’s largest shopping mall from 2004 to 2005 then in July, 2008 to present
- It takes about two days to explore
- It has 230 escalators
- It has more than 1,000 shops, restaurant space the size of two football fields
- It has a skating rink
- In 2005, it became the world’s second-largest mall when South China Mall in Dongguan was completed.
- In July 2008, it is declared the World’s Biggest Mall when South China Mall closed in the same month.
6. Tallest Residential Building
The tallest residential building in the world is Q1 which stands for Queensland Number One. It is a
supertall skyscraper located in Surfers paradise, on the Gold Coast. It is the tallest building in Australia
and the Southern Hemisphere.
- Its total height is 322.5 m or 1,058 ft with a roof height of 275 m or 900 ft
- It was the Silver Award winner of the 2005 Emporis Skyscraper Award, coming in second to Turning Torso in Sweden.
- It is supported by 26 piles, each two meters in diameter that extend 40 meters into the ground then up to four meters into solid rock.
- Q1 will lose its status as the world’s tallest residential building sometime in 2009, when the 395 m (1,300 ft) 23 Marina in Dubai is completed, making it the second.
- And not soon after the third tallest residential building when the 414 m (1,360 ft) Princess Tower, also in Dubai, is completed.
7. Largest Hotel by the Number of Rooms
The Guinness World records listed the First World Hotel in 2006 as the “world’s largest (complex) hotel
by the number of rooms and not by its size of built up area.
- It comprises Tower 1 and Tower 2, each with 28 floors, and has a total of 6,118 rooms.
- It is one of the five hotels located in Pahang Malaysia
- First World Hotel is a standard 7-star hotel at most of its rooms.
- It has a 500,000 square feet (46,000 m2) plaza called First World Plaza, housing shopping malls, arcades, food outlets, Starworld Casino, The Pavilion and the Genting indoor theme park.
- It has a stage for weekly performances (such as magic and music shows) at the area called Time Square, surrounded by a replica of the Statue of Liberty and an Oscar statue. It has a Watersplash Pool (an indoor water theme park for children)
- It has Asia’s first free fall simulator – the Genting Sky Venture
- It also has a cineplex
8. Tallest Existing Pre-modern Pagoda
The tallest existing pre-modern pagoda in the world is the Liaodi Pagoda of Kaiyuan Monastery. It is
located in Dingzhou, Hebei Province, China. It was built in the 11th century during the Song Dynasty
- The pagoda stands at a height of 84 m or 275 ft resting on a large platform with an octagonal base.
9. Tallest Equilateral Five-sided Building
Baltimore World Trade Center located on the Inner Harbor of Baltimore – Maryland, USA US, is the
world’s tallest equilateral five-sided building. It was designed by the firm of the famous architect I. M. Pei,
with the principal architects being Henry Cobb and Pershing Wong.
- The building was completed in 1977 at a cost of $22 million.
- It has 32 floors
- Its height is 123.5 m or 405 ft tall.
- It appears to rise out of the water when viewed from certain vantage points.
- Giant floodlights in the base of each of the Center’s five recessed corners can dramatically illuminate the building at night from the ground up.
10. Most Expensive Stadium
The world’s most expensive stadium is the Wembley Stadium (usually shortened to just Wembley). It is
located in the Borough of Brent in North West London, England.
- Wembley’s 90,000 capacities make it the second largest stadium in Europe
- It is the largest stadium in the world with every seat under cover.
- It has the largest roof-covered seating capacity in the world.
- It is the most expensive stadium ever built at a cost of £798 million (roughly US$1.57 billion)
11. Tallest Five-sided Building
The tallest five-sided building in the world is JPMorgan Chase Tower located in Houston, Texas in the
US. It is taller than the Baltimore World Trade Center but its sides are unequal.
- It is a 75 storey building
- It is 1,002-foot or 305.4 m tall
- It is formerly called the Texas Commerce Tower
- It is the tallest building in Texas
- It is one of the world’s tallest structures.
12. Tallest University Building
The tallest university in the world is M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, formerly called Lomonosov
University. It is also the largest university in Russia.
- It was founded in 1755
- The university has some 4,000 staff teaching 31,000 students and 7,000 postgraduates.
- In 1940, the university was renamed in honor of its founder, Mikhail Lomonosov.
- Its height is 240 m or 787 ft making it the tallest in the world.
13. Largest Mosque
The world’s largest mosque is Al-Masjid al-H?ar?m or The Sacred Mosque. It is located in the city of Mecca, it
surrounds the Kaaba, the place which Muslims turn towards while offering daily prayers and is considered
the holiest place on Earth by Muslims.
- It has 9 minarets with a height of 89 meters or 292 ft
- The mosque is also known as the Grand Mosque.
- The current structure covers an area of 400,800 sq m or 99.0 acres.
- It can accommodate up to 6 million worshippers during the Haji period, one of the largest annual gatherings of people in the world.
14. One of the Largest Private Residences
One of the largest private residences in the world is the Umaid Bhawan Palace, located at Jodhpur in
- It has 347 rooms and serves as the principal residence of the Jodhpur royal family.
- Construction employed more than 5,000 men for fifteen years.
- The building does not use mortar or cement to bind stones together; all of its pieces are carved stones joined together by a system of carved, interlocking positive and negative pieces.
- A specially constructed train line was used to transport these large blocks of stone.
- It is designed in such a manner that it always maintains the temperature at approximately 23º Celsius.
- The palace grounds cover 26 acres (10.5 ha), out of which the constructed area covers 3.5 acres (1.4 ha) while 15 acres (6.1 ha) are devoted to the lawns.
15. Largest Ancient Castle
The world’s largest castle is Prague Castle, a castle in Prague where the Czech kings, Holy Roman
Emperors and presidents of Czechoslovakia have had their offices.
- The Czech Crown Jewels are kept here.
- According to Guinness World Records, it is the world’s biggest ancient castle
- It is about 570 meters in length and an average of about 130 meters wide.
16. Largest Presidential Palace
The biggest residence of any Head of the State in the world is Rashtrapati Bhavan. The name literally
means President’s House or president’s Palace. It is the official residence of the President of India. The
palace is located in New Delhi.
- It has a floor area 19,000 m2 or 200,000 sq ft.
- It has 355 decorated rooms
- The structure includes 700 million bricks and 3.5 million cubic feet or 85,000 m³ of stone, with only minimal usage of steel.
- Its Rose Garden displays numerous types of roses and is open to public in February every year.
17. Largest Indoor Waterpark and Largest Indoor Tropical Pool
The world’s largest tropical indoor pool and world’s largest indoor waterpark is at the Tropical Islands
Resort, an artificial tropical resort in Bradenburg, Germany. Its large tropical indoor pool can accommo-
date up to 8,000 visitors a day and its indoor waterpark is 66,000 m² or 710,000 sq feet in area.
- It resides inside a disused hangar 360 meters long, 210 meters wide and 107 meters high.
- It is the world’s largest single hall without supporting pillars inside.
- The hangar cost €78 million
- The air is warm (25 °C).
- It is open all around the clock, every day of the year.
- The complex contains a large artificial rainforest that contains over 30,000 cubic meters of soil with over 500 species of plants taking root there.
- Over 29,000 individual trees are located there, with ground cover plants and creepers covering the remaining space.
- It has a Tropical Village, where visitors can purchase and eat food.
- It is possible to get a sun tan as the roofing of that section is transparent and allows U-V rays to pass through the hangar.
- Large machines are used to blow hot air up the sides of the hangar to rid the roof and walls of condensation. If this did not occur, it would actually rain inside the hangar.
- Due to the enormous amount of open space, the vegetation will be allowed to grow without restriction in the hopes of creating a true indoor rain forest canopy.
- Overnight camping inside the dome is available for a fee of $30; that includes a tent, bed, and sheets
18. World’s Tallest Completed Skyscraper
The tallest completed skyscraper in the world is the Taipei 101, a landmark skyscraper located in
Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. Taipei 101 was overtaken in height on July 21, 2007 by the Burj Dubai
in Dubai, UAE, upon the completion of that building’s 141st floor. As of April 2009, the title of “world’s
tallest building” still rests with Taipei 101, as international architectural standards define a “”building”
as a structure capable of being fully occupied. The Burj Dubai will claim the title upon its completion,
which is expected in September 2009.
- Taipei 101 received the Emporis Skyscraper Award in 2004
- It has been hailed as one of the Seven New Wonders of the World by Newsweek magazine in 2006.
- It was also cited as one of the Seven Wonders of Engineering by Discovery Channel in 2005.
- It contains 101 floors above ground and 5 floors underground
- It is designed to withstand typhoons and earthquakes.
- A multi-level shopping mall adjoining the tower houses hundreds of fashionable stores, restaurants and clubs.
- The name of the tower reflects its location in Taipei’s international business district (101 mailing code) as well as its floor count.
- The number is pronounced in English simply as One Oh One
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