Regular eye health exams help maintain healthy vision. Poor vision not only makes it tough to go about your usual routine, but could also be indicative of an underlying health problem. Getting your eyes checked periodically can help detect the likelihood of eye diseases and early signs of other health problems that can be treated before they get worse.
Avoid vision loss with annual eye health exams
A comprehensive dilated eye health exam is critical for diabetics and those at risk for the disease, on an annual basis. This is because diabetics are prone to vision complications such as diabetic retinopathy which is the main cause of blindness in adults. This causes slow damage to the tiny blood vessels in the retina, which must be healthy for good vision. Sometimes, there is inflammation in the blood vessels which swell and leak. By having your eyes checked regularly, this condition can be diagnosed early and treated to avoid the possibility of vision loss.
Avoid Diabetes-related vision problems
Diabetes is known as the silent killer as it triggers several health complications. The risk factors for diabetes are age, inactive lifestyle, obesity, family history of the disease and glucose intolerance.Studies show that millions of people are predisposed to a condition called pre-diabetes, which automatically puts them at risk for Type 2 diabetes. If you are not sure whether you suffer from diabetes but experience blurry or double vision or find it difficult to read or have problems with side vision, you must schedule an appointment with your Calgary optician for an eye health exam right away.
Diabetic retinopathy is also likely in pregnant women. To make sure that their vision is protected, they must go through detailed dilated eye health exams with any other checkups that the doctor may recommend.
During the comprehensive eye checkup, your Calgary optician will use the following tests to detect diabetes related vision problems: • Visual acuity test to measure your vision at different distance ranges • Dilated eye exam where drops are put in the eye to dilate the pupils to let the doctor check for any signs of eye diseases. Your retina and optic nerve are examined. The drops make your vision blurry for a few hours after which the effect wears off. • Tonometry where the doctor uses an instrument to check the pressure in your eyes
From the above tests, your doctor can check for leaking blood vessels, swelling in the retina, fatty deposits on the retina, nerve tissue damage and change in the blood vessels. If your Calgary optician detects swelling in the retina, also called macular edema, you may need to go through another test called a fluorescein angiogram, where a special dye is injected in your arm and images of the dye’s progress in the retinal blood vessels are taken. This also helps identify specific leaks. Treatment options will then be placed before you to safeguard your vision and health. If you have problems with your vision, schedule an eye health exam with your doctor today.