Drama as a spectacle has existed since time immemorial. Our ancestors have played a drama since thousands of years ago. Written evidence that could be accounted revealed that the drama has existed since the fifth century BC. It is based on the findings of ancient Greek drama. The writer Aeschylus who lived between 525-456 BC. Lakonnya Fill in the form of offerings to appeal to the gods. If we remember that not all events of the past written a complete and had not written it all down to us who live today, we can almost be sure that the existence of drama existed long before the year 500 BC.
How is the origin of the drama spectacle? Historically, the birth of drama both inside and outside the country stems from the same event. As a “pioneer bakalnya” is a religious ceremony conducted by religious leaders. They worship the gods with praise break forth into singing. Gradually it evolved religious ceremonies. Not just a song of praise, but also prayers and stories spoken aloud.
Subsequently, further highlight the telling of religious ceremonies. A group of people moving paraded a goat that has been outfitted with a variety of jewelry. They marched around the streets of the market or body to the accompaniment of the sound of drum, flute, and other sounds. When the audience a lot, the convoy to slow down or stop completely to allow the narrator (the narrator) tells of an event. The narrator tells the story of one of the gods to the rows of spectators in the street or standing around him. Then, the audience broke up Hila procession moved on, and elsewhere will welcome a new audience. Thus the beginning of the drama in Greece.
The history of the birth of drama in Indonesia is not much different from the birth of drama in Greece. The presence of drama in our country was also preceded by a religious ceremony conducted by religious leaders. In essence, they say the mantra and prayer.
In the religious ceremonies of our ancestors really believed that the spirits of ancestors who have died can be called in for approval or assistance. How to call him, that they make a painting or sculpture ancestors who have died. Then the painting or sculpture that they worship-puja to ancestral spirits (drawn or created sculptures that) come in and want to give a blessing to his descendants who are still alive.
Religious leaders who organized the ceremony mantras and prayers with a loud voice and a certain rhythm. They also wear certain ceremonies. For example robes, headbands, big belt, sash, bracelet, and Taking mantras, they perform certain movements. There are times when walking around, sitting cross-legged, standing upright like a statue. There are times when holding hands with her eyes closed. Often the hands of such people to worship together, then stretched out wide. Religious movements were often accompanied by sounds, such as sound or drum kentongan only. However, often the sound of various tools with a certain rhythm.
Based on the ways to do a religious ceremony spectacle drama was born. Of course its very simple at first. Sometimes just a player who talked, sometimes two players who speak unrequited revenge. The longer the drama developed in accordance with the tastes of the people and the times. Now the drama has become an exciting spectacle because it is equipped with a good play, players are trained, the accompaniment of good music, the stage is appropriate, dazzling lighting, and makeup and perfect fashion.
Groups, drama / theater and then popping up. Among other famous Dardanela, Light of the Moon, Maya, Popular Theatre, Theatre Workshop Renda, Independent Theatre, Little Theatre, Theatre Danarto, Kitchen Theatre 23 761 (Remy Sylado), and Theatre There. The characters are well-known drama, among others, Usmar Ismail, Teguh Karya, WAS Renda, Putu Wijaya, Ikranagara, and Danarto. Mentioned it only as an example. Other figures are still a lot. Similarly, the other groups. Therefore, the drama was already popular in the community explore its various parts. Not only in the environment of professional artists, but also on college campuses and even in schools, especially high school.