Smoking is a practice in which a substance, most commonly tobacco or cannabis, is burned and the smoke is tasted or inhaled. This is primarily practised as a route of administration for recreational drug use, as combustion releases the active substances in drugs such as nicotine and makes them available for absorption through the lungs. It can also be done as a part of rituals, to induce trances and spiritual enlightenment
What problems are caused by smoking?
By smoking, you can cause health problems not only for yourself but also for those around you.
- Hurting Yourself: Smoking is an addiction. Tobacco contains nicotine, a drug that is addictive. The nicotine, therefore, makes it very difficult (although not impossible) to quit.
- Hurting Others: Smoking harms not just the smoker, but also family members, coworkers, and others who breathe the smoker’s cigarette smoke, called secondhand smoke or passive smoke.
secondhand smoke from a parent’s cigarette increases a child’s chances for middle ear problems, causes coughing and wheezing, worsens asthma, and increases an infant’s risk of dying from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Methods to Help You Quit Smoking:
1. Prescription smoking cessation aids: varenicline (Chantix), Nicotrol Inhaler and Nicotrol NS, and bupropion hydrochloride (Zyban, Wellbutrin) are available smoking cessation prescription aids. Antihypertensive drugs such as Clonidine (Catapres) and calcium channel blockers have also been prescribed to assist in quitting smoking; however, they have been less effective than other aids to smoking cessation.
- Behavioral modification and self-help literature to quit smoking:
Due to the addictive nature of nicotine, some form of behavioral modification is often necessary for successful cessation of smoking. Educational programs, hypnosis, and aversion therapy (learning how to avoid cigarettes) are a few options .
- Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT): The purpose of nicotine replacement therapy is to substitute another source of nicotine while cigarettes are discontinued. Currently, there are different forms of nicotine replacement therapy available over-the-counter and include:
- nicotine transdermal systems or patches (Nicoderm CQ and Nicotrol)
- nicotine polacrilex resin or gum (Nicorette), and
- nicotine lozenges (Commit).
What are the steps in quitting?
First, one can do certain things to get ready to quit. Then, there are other things to do on the day of quitting. Finally, one can do things to help oneself to remain abstinent. (This is the hardest part.).
Getting ready to quit smoking
- Set a date for quitting. If possible, plan to have a friend quit smoking with you.
- Notice when and why you smoke. Try to find the things in your daily life that you often do while smoking (such as drinking your morning cup of coffee or driving a car).
- Change your smoking routines: Keep your cigarettes in a different place. Smoke with your other hand. Don’t do anything else when you are smoking. Think about how you feel when you smoke.
- Smoke only in certain places, such as outdoors.
- When you want a cigarette, wait a few minutes. Try to think of something to do instead of smoking. For example, you might chew gum or drink a glass of water.
- Buy one pack of cigarettes at a time. Switch to a brand of cigarettes that you don’t like.
What is addictive disease and why is smoking considered an addictive disease?
The term addictive disease or addiction describes a persistent habit that is harmful to the person. Thus, addiction is a chronicThe signs of addiction to cigarettes include:
· smoking more than seven cigarettes per day;
- inhaling deeply and frequently;
- smoking cigarettes containing nicotine levels more than 0.9mg;
- smoking within 30 minutes of awakening in the morning;
- finding it difficult to eliminate the first cigarette in the morning;
- smoking frequently during the morning;.
- finding it difficult to avoid smoking in smoking-restricted areas; and
- needing to smoke even if sick and in bed.
(long duration) disease with reliance on the substance causing the addiction.
How are nicotine-containing products used safely?
- Always read the labels and know the ingredients in the products. Never take more than the recommended dose without checking with your doctor first.
- If you are pregnant or nursing a baby, seek the advice of a health professional before using any nicotine-containing product.
- Do not use a nicotine-containing product if you continue to smoke, chew tobacco, use snuff, or other nicotine-containing products.
- Consult a physician before using nicotine-containing products if you:
Smoking and Quitting Smoking At A Glance:
- Although smoking is an addiction, people can quit smoking.
- Secondhand smoke is harmful to the health of children, unborn children, family members, and coworkers.
- Quitting smoking cuts the risk of lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, and respiratory diseases.
- The steps in quitting, each of which requires special attention and efforts by the smoker, are getting ready to quit, quitting, and staying quit.
- A number of techniques are available to assist people who want to quit, including nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), behavioral modification, self-help literature, and prescription medications.
- In nicotine replacement therapy, which is the cornerstone of most smoking cessation programs, another source of nicotine is substituted while the cigarettes are stopped. (The idea of nicotine replacement therapy is to eliminate both the smoking habit – although the addiction remains – and the symptoms of withdrawal. Then, the replacement nicotine is gradually stopped.)
- Currently, three forms of nicotine replacement therapy are available over the counter: nicotine patches, nicotine gum, and nicotine lozenges, while two forms are available by prescription, an inhaler and a nasal spray.
- Nicotine replacement therapy has about a 25% success rate, which increases to 35 or 40% when nicotine replacement therapy is combined with intensive behavioral counseling.
- Nicotine-containing substances have side effects, interactions with other medications, effects on other medical conditions, and limitations in their use.
- Varenicline (Chantix) is a prescription drug that can help adults quit smoking. It is believed to act on the same receptors (the sites where nicotine acts to produce its effects) in the brain as nicotine, resulting in activation (stimulation) of these receptors and blocking the ability of nicotine to attach to these receptors.
- A prescription drug called bupropion (Zyban, Wellbutrin) has also been found to be effective in helping people to stop smoking.
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