Differences Hepatitis A, B And C

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Many who thought all Hepatitis is a liver disease the same, but each type is different and has a power-of-mouth and the different treatment. Hepatitis, there is light levels such as Hepatitis A and the toughest like Hepaitis C. In Indonesia the three types of hepatitis are A, B and C are caused by viruses. What is the difference of 3 hepatitis?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver usually caused by viruses. Hepatitis that occurred in Indonesia was often caused by viral hepatitis A, B and C.

Hepatitis A, B and C are both caused by viruses, namely hepatitis virus type A (HVA), Viral Hepatitis type B (HVB) and hepatitis type C virus (HCV). However, three viruses transmitted by different media.

In addition to Hepatitis A, B and C, in the world also found Hepatitis D, E, F and G. Hepatitis D is a fellow of Hepatitis B infection and may worsen the infection, Hepatitis E is almost like Hepatitis A that only occurs in developing countries. While there is little new F Hepatitis cases were reported. For the latest Hepatitis G virus, infection often occurs in conjunction with Hepatitis B or C.

Here’s the difference between Hepatitis A, B and C, as reported by Mayoclinic, Wednesday (09/11/2011):

Hepatitis A

Transmission of viral hepatitis A or hepatitis virus type A (HVA) via the fecal oral route, the virus is found in the stool. The virus is also easily transmitted through food or beverages that have been contaminated, also sometimes through sexual contact with patients.

Symptoms of Hepatitis A usually does not appear until you have the virus for several weeks. Hepatitis A is associated with a clean lifestyle. In many cases, hepatitis A infection never develop to severe hepatitis B or C so it will not cause liver cancer. However, hepatitis A continues to be treated well because of reduced productivity for those who must be hospitalized.

Signs and symptoms of Hepatitis A are:

Nausea and vomiting
Abdominal pain or discomfort, especially in the liver area (on the right side below the rib cage)
Loss of appetite
Dark-colored urine
Muscle pain
Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice).

Mild cases of Hepatitis A usually does not require treatment and most people who are infected recover completely with no permanent liver damage.

Hygienic behavior such as washing hands with soap before eating and after toilet is one of the best ways to protect yourself against Hepatitis A virus

There is no specific treatment for Hepatitis A, because the infection usually resolves itself in 1-2 months. However, to reduce impact damage to the liver as well as speed up the healing process, some steps will be given following treatment while being treated in hospital.

1. Rest. The goal is to provide enough energy for your immune system in fighting infection.

2. Anti nausea. One of the effects of infeksiHhepatitis A is nausea, which reduces appetite. This impact must be addressed because nutrition is very important in the healing process.

3. Rest your heart. Liver function is to metabolize the drugs are already used in the body. Because liver inflammation is experiencing pain, then drugs that do not need as well as alcohol and the like should be avoided during illness.

Prevention for the Hepatitis A vaccination is also available for people who are at high risk.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis type B virus (HVB) can be transmitted through blood and body fluids of human sexual contacts, transmission from mother to fetus in the womb and through injections or blood transfusions contaminated with Hepatitis B virus, such as injecting drug users, users of health equipment (needles, knives , scissors) are not sterilized perfect, piercing, tattooing, razors, nail clippers are not sterile.

In contrast to Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B virus in some people can cause chronic hepatitis B, leading to liver failure, liver cancer or cirrhosis of the conditions that cause permanent scarring in the liver.

Hepatitis B Signs and symptoms usually appear about 3 months after infection and can range from mild to severe. Signs and symptoms of hepatitis B is similar to hepatitis A, namely:

    Stomach ache
Dark urine
Joint pain
Loss of appetite
Nausea and vomiting
Weakness and fatigue
Yellowed skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice).

Most people infected with Hepatitis B in adults when fully recovered. However, infants and children are far more likely to develop chronic Hepatitis B infection. There is no cure for hepatitis B but the vaccine can prevent the transmission of this disease.

Hepatitis B disease is not curable, but treatment process is usually done in a long time or even a lifetime. If left untreated, hepatitis B can progress to cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Prevention such as Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B can be done by vaccination.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C has the highest severity than hepatitis A and B. Same as Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C is transmitted through a blood infection from the main road of blood transfusion or blood products that have not been screened (examination), the exchange of syringes by injecting drug users (injecting drug users / IDUs) as well as needles or tattoo equipment and non-sterile piercing.

Hepatitis C virus infection is also called the covert infection (silent infection) due to early infection is often asymptomatic or there is no typical symptoms that are often overlooked. Most people do not know they are infected with Hepatitis C and liver damage appears or through routine medical tests.

If there are any symptoms, hepatitis C is usually only show flu-like symptoms, namely:

Nausea or poor appetite
Muscle and joint pain
Pain in liver area.

Hepatitis C virus is a virus that is genetically very varied and has a high mutation rate, thus enabling the generation of diverse viruses. Consequently there has been no successful vaccines designed to prevent infection with hepatitis C virus

Cirrhosis occurs in 10-20 percent of patients with chronic hepatitis C and liver cancer occur in 1-5 percent of patients with chronic hepatitis C within 20-30 years. And about 90 percent of people newly infected with the disease will continue to develop into chronic infection.


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