The Pinisi Boat is a transportation Bugis-Makassar ancient tribe that is still used today. Since the first, the Bugis in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, known as an accomplished sailor. They are very versed in the sea and ocean to the various regions in the archipelago by Pinisi boat. Pinisi boats including traditional marine transportation Bugis society that has been famous since centuries ago. According to a story in the script I Lontarak Chronicle La Lagaligo, Boat Pinisi already exist around the 14th century AD According to the manuscript, Boat Pinisi was first made by Sawerigading, Crown Royal Luwu. Materials to make the boat was taken from welengreng tree (the tree gods) are known to be very sturdy and not easily fragile. However, before the tree was cut down, first held a special ceremony to penunggunya willing to move to another tree. Sawerigading make the boat to sail to China had wanted to woo Chinese princess named We Cudai.
Long story short, managed to marry Princess Sawerigading We Cudai. After a long stay in China, Sawerigading longing for his homeland. By using the first boat, he sailed to Luwu. However, when the boat will enter Luwu beach, suddenly a huge wave hit the boat up to rupture. Fragments of the boat washed up to 3 (three) places in the region Bulukumba, namely in the Village Ara, Tana Beru, and Lemo-Lemo. By communities of the three villages, the parts of the boat and then assembled back into a magnificent boat and the boat called Pinisi.Until now, Bulukumba still known as a manufacturer of boat Pinisi, where the craftsmen still preserve the tradition in boat building, especially in Keluharan Tana Beru.
The first pinisi ships are said to have been built after the example of the Dutch “Pinas” introduced to the region by the V.O.C. around 1600. These probably sported lateen or other type of sails, as the modern schooner rig did not become prominent before the 19th century.Based on Buginese lontara and inherited story between Buginese, pinisi are used widely by Buginese for multiple purposes, such as transport ship, sailing boat, and battle ship.During the alliance period with the Dutch colonialist, pinisi boat are mainly used as trade ships, transportation, and fishing. Some source mentioned that since the Indonesian National Awakening pinisi are used by Buginese and people of Sulawesi as a battleship or backup line to help Indonesia gaining her independence.
As with many traditional ship types nowadays, pinisi have been provided with motors. This has somewhat changed the appearance of the ships, that until about 1970 had largely remained pure sailing ships. Comparable to modern dhows the masts have been shortened or when not needed as deck cranes vanished completely, while the structures on deck have been enlarged for the crew and passengers, usually restricted to the aft parts though.