Website Development is the process of coding or programming a website in order to ensure successful performance of the website. The process can range from developing the simplest static single page of plain text to the most complex web-based Internet applications, electronic businesses or social network services. It includes HTML, CSS, programming, server administration, content management, marketing, testing and deployment.
Every great website developer starts with HTML that stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. HTML is the basic format for the scripting language that is used to construct the web pages. It is written in the form of elements consisting of tags, enclosed in angle brackets, within the web page content. The web browser has to read the HTML documents and convert them into readable/ audible web pages.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is another website development language used by almost every website developer. It is a style sheet language that describes the design elements of the websites in terms of layout, colour, font size etc.
Web hosting is another significant piece that has to be put into place in website development. A web host will actually put your website on the Internet and it is important to choose a stable host that would never put the website down for any length of time. There are many web hosts to choose from including Adobe Dreamweaver, Host Gator and UltraEdit.
The website developers who are new to the profession should strictly follow the below mentioned steps of website development in order to create successful and highly-functional websites.
Step1. Requirement analysis– Before beginning the actual development of the website, the developer must first collect information about the requirements of the clients by organising a meeting with them. Each and every aspect related to the development process should be discussed and noted, so that no misconceptions are construed in the future.
Step2. Specification building– Once the requirements of the clients are discussed, specifications such as the general layout of the site, navigation and its dynamic parts must be laid. In this step, the scope of the project should also be included in a written proposal that is sent to the client.
Step3. Design & development– The actual process begins only after the requirements and specifications are clearly understood by both the parties and noted in an official document. In this step, the layouts and navigation are designed. It would be wise for a web developer to develop two or three designs for the customer to choose from.
Step4. Coding– The programmers have to incorporate the code within the design. The developer must interact with the web designer in order to understand the design and navigation.
Step5. Testing– Once the design is ready and coding has been in place, intensive testing has to be carried out to match the end product with the requirements specified in the first step, other specifications, supporting documents and technical specifications. Some of the testing that should be done include integration testing, stress testing, scalability testing, load testing, cross-browser compatibility testing and resolution testing, besides other testings.
Step5. Maintenance and updating– Frequent updates have to be made in the website design and website development process in order to keep it current and valuable. To do the updates, the analysis steps have to be repeated. The process of maintenance will involve bug fixing and technical maintenance in order to keep the website valuable for the business and its customers.